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Anatomy/Physiology

MUSCLES - Key Terms, Abbreviations

TermDefinition
AB - Abduct - Abductor Away - Away from
AD - Adduct - Adductor Toward - Bring to
Abductor Digiti Minimi Small finger; bringer-in (muscle)
Abductor Hallicus Big toe; bringer-in (muscle)
Abductor Pollicis Short bringer-in (muscle)
Adductor Brevis Short bringer-in (muscle)
Brevis Short (muscle)
Adductor Longus Long bringer-in (muscle)
Longus Long (muscle)
Hallicus (Hallux) Great Toe (Proximal, Medial, Distal)
Pollicis (Pollex) Thumb (I) First Phalange/Carpal/Metacarpal
Adductor Magnus Great bringer-in (muscle)
Magnus Large
Adductor Pollicis Bringer-in muscle of thumb
Abdominis Abdomen
Ancon Elbow
Auricular Auricle of ear
Brachial Brachium
Capitis Head
Carpi Wrist
Cervicis Neck
Coccygeal Coxcyx
Costal Rib
Cutaneous Skin
Femoris Femur
Glossal Tongue
Ilium Groin
Inguinal Groin
Lumbar Lumbar Region
Nasalis Nose
Nuchal Back of neck
Ocular Eye
Oris Mouth
Palpebra Eyelid
Popliteal Posterior to knee
Psoas Loin
Radial Forearm
Scapular Scapula
Temporal Temple
Thoracic Thorax
Tibial Tibia; Shin
Ulnar Ulna
Oblique Slanting
Profundus Deep
Rectus Straight
Superficial Toward the surface
Superior Toward the head
Transverse Crosswise
NATURE OF ORIGIN (Characteristics of the Muscle) BICEPS - Two Heads TRICEPS - Three Heads QUADRICEPS - Four Heads
SHAPES OF MUSCLES: Terms indicating structural Characteristics
Deltoid Triangle
Orbicularis Circle
Pectinate Comb-like
Piriformis Pear shaped
Platy Flat
Pyramidal Pyramid
Rhomboid Parallelogram
Serratus Serrated
Splenius Bandage
Teres Long and Round
Trapezius Trapezoid
OTHER FEATURES OF MUSCLES: Striking Features
Alba White
Gracilis Slender
Latae Wide
Latissimus Widest
Longissimus Longest
Major Larger
Maximus Largest
Minimus Smallest
Minor Smaller
Vastus Great
ACTION TERMS and SPECIFIC TERMS General/Specific
Depressor Lowering Movement
Extensor Straightening Movement
Flexor Bending movement
Levator Raising Movement
Pronator Turning into Prone position
Supinator Turning into Supine position
Tensor Tensing Movement
SPECIFIC: Buccinator (Trumpeter)
Risorius Laughter
Sartorius Like a Tailor
BICEPS BRACHII TWO HEADED ARM
BICEPS FEMORIS TWO HEADED THIGH
BRACHIALIS ARM
DELTOID TRIANGLE LIKE
EXTENSOR CARPI RADIALIS BREVIS SHORT WRIST STRETCHER AT THE RADIUS
EXTENSOR CARPI RADIALIS LONGUS LONG WRIST STRETCHER AT THE RADIUS
EXTENSOR "STRETCHER" MUSCLE
EXTERNAL INTERCOSTAL OUTER MUSCLE BETWEEN RIBS
EXTERNAL OBLIQUE OUTER SLANTED MUSCLE
GASTROCNEMIUS BELLY OF LEG
GLUTEOUS MAXIMUS LARGE BUTT
GLUTEOUS MEDIUS MEDIUM BUTT
GLUTEOUS MINIMUS SMALL BUTT
GRACILIS SLENDER MUSCLE
Created by: MCasler