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Word Parts Book

Word parts Medical Terminology

a- no, not, without, away from, negative
-a noun ending
ab- away from, negative, absent
abdomin/o abdomen
-able capable of, able to
abort/o premature expulsion of a nonviable fetus
abrad/o rub or scrape off
abras/o rub or scrape off
abrupt/o broken away from
abs- away from
abscess/o collection of pus
-ac pertaining to
-acious characterized by
acous/o hearing, sound
acoust/o hearing, sound
acr/o extremities (hands/ feet), top, extreme point
actin/o light
acu/o sharp, severe, sudden
ad- toward, to, in the direction of
aden/o gland
adenoid/o adenoids
adhes/o stick to, cling to
adip/o fat
adnex/o bound to
adren/o adrenal glands
adrenal/o adrenal glands
aer/o air, gas
af- toward, to
affect/o exert influence on
-ago abnormal condition, disease
agor/a marketplace
-agra excessive pain, seizure
-aise comfort, ease
-al pertaining to
alb/o white
albin/o white
albumin/o albumin, protein
alg/o pain, relationship to pain
alges/o pain, relationship to pain
-algia pain, suffering, painful condition
align/o bring into line or correct position
aliment/o to nourish
all/o other, different from normal, reversal
all- other, different from normal, reversal
alopec/o bald
alveol/o alveolus, air sac, small sac
ambi- both sides, around or about, double
ambly/o dull, dim
ambulat/o walking
-amine nitrogen compound
amni/o amnion, fetal membrane
amput/o cut away, cut off a part of the body
amyl/o starch, carbohydrate
an- not, without
ana- up, apart, excessive
an/o anus, ring
-an characteristic of, pertaining to
-ancy state of
andr/o male, masculine
aneurysm/o aneurysm
angi/o blood or lymph vessel
anis/o unequal
ankyl/o crooked, bent, stiff
anomal/o irregularity
ante- before, in front of, forward
anter/o before, front
anti- against
anxi/o anxiety, anxious, uneasy
aort/o aorta
ap- toward, to
-apheresis removal
aphth/o ulcer
apic/o apex, tip
ap- separation, away from, opposed, detached
apo- separation, away from, opposed, detached
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
aque/o water
-ar pertaining to
-arche beginning
areat/o occurring in patches or circumscribed areas
areol/o little open space, space around the nipple
-aria connected with
arter/o artery
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
articul/o joint
-ary pertaining to
as- toward, to
-ase enzyme
aspir/o to breathe in
aspirat/o to breathe in
-asthenia weakness, lack of strength
asthm/o asthma
astr/o start, star-shaped
at- toward, to
atel/o incomplete, imperfect
ather/o plaque, fatty substance
-ation state or action
atri/o atrium (of the heart)
attenu/o diluted, weak
audi/o ear, hearing, the sense of hearing
audit/o ear, hearing, the sense of hearing
aur/i ear, hearing
auscult/a listen
auscult/o listen
aut/o self
axillo armpit
bacteri/o bacteria (singular, bacterium)
balan/o glans penis
bar/o pressure, weight
bas/o base, opposite of acid (alkaline)
bi- twice, double, two
bi/o life
bifid/o split, divided into two parts
bil/i bile, gall
bilirubin/o bilirubin
bin- two
-blast embryonic, immature, formative element
blephar/o eyelid
brachi/o arm
brachy- short
brady- slow
brochi/o bronchial tube, bronchus
bronch/o bronchial tube, bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole, bronchiolus
brux/o grind
bucc/o cheek
burs/o bursa, sac of fluid near joint
calcane/o calcaneus, heel bone
calc/i calcium, lime, the heel
calci- calcium
calc/o calcium
calcul/o stone, little stone
cali/o cup-like structure, calyx
calic/o cup-like structure, calyx
calor/i heat
canth/o corner of the eye
capill/o hair
capit/o head
capn/o carbon dioxide, sooty or smoky appearance
capsul/o little box
carb/o carbon
carcin/o cancerous
cardi/o heart
card/o heart
cari/o caries, tooth decay
carot/o stupor, sleep
carp/o wrist bones
catabol/o a breaking down
caud/o lower part of body, tail
caus/o burning, burn
cav/o hollow, cave
cec/o cecum
-cele hernia, tumor, swelling
celi/o abdomen, belly
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o head
cera- wax
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum, brain
cervic/o neck, cervix (neck of uterus)
cheil/o lip or lips
chem/o drug, chemical
chir/o hand
chol/e bile, gall
cholangi/o bile duct
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
cholesterol/o cholesterol
chondr/i cartilage
chondr/o cartilage
chori/o chorion, membrane
chorion/o chorion, membrane
choroid/o choroid layer of eye
chrom/o color
chron/o time
-cid/o killing
-cide causing death
cili/o eyelashes, microscopic hair-like projections
cine- movement
circulat/o circulate, go around in a circle
cirrh/o orange-yellow, tawny
cis/o to cut
-clasis break down
claudicat/o to limp
claustr/o barrier, enclosed space
clavicul/o clavicle, collar bone
cleid/o clavicle, collar bone
co- together, with
coagul/o clotting, coagulation
coarct/o press together, narrow
coarctat/o press together, narrow
cocc/o spherical bacteria
coccyg/o coccyx, tailbone
cochle/o spiral, snail, snail shell
coit/o a coming together
col/o colon, large intestine
coll/a glue
colon/o colon, large intestine
colp/o vagina
com- together, with
comat/o deep sleep
comminut/o break into pieces
communic/o share, to make common
con- together, with
concav/o hollow
concept/o to become pregnant
concuss/o shaken together, violently agitated
coni/o hold together
constrict/o draw tightly together
contin/o hold together
contra- against, counter, opposite
contus/o bruise
convex/o arched, vaulted
convuls/o pull together
cor/o pupil
cordi/o heart
coron/o coronary, crown
corpor/o body
cortic/o cortex, outer region
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
-crasia a mixture or bending
creatin/o cratinine
crin/o to secrete
-crine to secrete
-crit to separate
cry/o cold
crypt/o hidden
cubit/o elbow
culd/o cul-de-sac, blind pouch
-cusis hearing
cusp/o point
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cycl/o ciliary body of eye, circle
cyst- bladder, bag
cyst/o urinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluid
cyt/o cell
-cyte cell
dacry/o tear, lacrimal duct (tear duct)
dacryocyst/o lacrimal sac (tear sac)
dactyl/o finger, toe
de- down, lack of, from, not, removal
deci- ten, tenth
decidu/o shedding, falling off
delt/o Greek letter delta, a triangular shape
delus/o delude, cheat
dem/i people, population
demi- half
dendr/o branching, resembling a tree
dent/i tooth, teeth
dent/o tooth, teeth
depress/o press down, lower, pressed or sunk down
dermat/o skin
derm/o skin
desic/o drying, to dry
-desis to bind, tie together
dextr/o right side
di- twice, twofold, double
dia- through, between, apart, complete
di- through, between, apart, complete
diaphor/o sweat
diaphragmat/o diaphragm
didym/o testes, twins structures
digest/o digest, break down (food)
digit/o digit, finger or toe
dilat/o spread out, widen
dipl/o double
dips/o thirst
-dipsia thirst
dis- negative, apart, absence of
dissect/o cutting apart
dist/o far, away from the point of origin
distend/o stretch apart, expand
dors/o back of body
-dote what is given
-drome to run, running
-duct opening
duct/o to lead, carry
duoden/o duodenum, first part of small intestine
-dur/o dura mater
-dynia pain
dys- bad, difficult, painful
e- out of, from
-e noun ending
-eal pertaining to
ec- out, outside
ecchym/o pouring out of juice or blood
ech/o sound wave, echo
-ectasis stretching, dilation, enlargement
ecto- out, outside
-ectomy surgical removal, cutting out, excision
-ectopy displacement
-edema swelling
edentul/o without teeth
ef- out
effus/o pouring out
ejaculat/o throw or hurl out
electr/o electricity, electric
em- in
embol/o something inserted or thrown in
embry/o fertilized ovum. embryo
-emesis vomiting
emet/o vomit
-emia blood, blood condition
en- in, within, into
encephal/o brain
end- in, within, inside
endo- in, within, inside
enter/o intestine, usually small intestine
ento- within
epi- above, upon, on
epiglott/o epiglottis
episi/o vulva
-er one who
erect/o upright
erg/o work
erupt/o break out, burst forth
erythemat/o flushed, redness
erythr/o red
es- out of, outside, away from
-esis abnormal condition, disease
eso- inward
esophag/o esophagus
-esthesia sensation, feeling
esthet/o feeling, nervous sensation, sense of perception
estr/o female
ethm/o sieve
eti/o cause of disease
eu- good, normal, well, easy
-eurysm widening
ex- out of, outside, away from
exacerb/o aggravate, irritate
excori/o abrade or scratch
excret/o separate, discharge
exo- out of, outside, away from
extern/o outside, outer
extra- on the outside, beyond, outside
extrins/o from the outside, contained outside
exud/o to sweat, exude fluid
faci/o face, form
fasci/o fascia, fibrous band
fec/a dregs, sediment, waste
fec/o dregs, sediment, waste
femor/o femur, thigh bone
fenestr/a window, small opening
fer/o bear, carry
fertil/o fertile, able to conceive
fet/o fetus, unborn child
fibr/o fibrous tissue, fiber
fibrin/o fibrin, fibers, threads of a clot
fibul/o fibula
-fic making, producing, forming
-fication process of making
-fida split
filtr/o filter, to strain through
filtrat/o filter, to strain through
fiss/o crack, split, cleft
flatul/o flatus, rectal gas
flex/o bend
fluor/o glowing, luminous
foc/o focus, point
follicul/o follicle, small sac
foramin/o opening, foramen
fore- before, in front of
-form resembling, in the shape of
form/o resembling, in the shape of
fove/o small pit, depressed area
fract/o break
front/o front, forehead
fund/o bottom, base, fundus
fung/o fungus
-fusion to come together
galact/o milk
ganglion/o ganglion, cluster of nerve cell bodies
gangren/o eating sore, gangrene
gastr/o stomach
gemin/o twin, double, group
gen- producing, forming
gen/o producing, forming
-gen producing, forming
-gene production, origin, formation
-genic creation, reproduction
-genesis creation, reproduction
-genous producing
ger/i old age
germin/o bud, sprout, embryonic tissue
geront/o old age
gest/o pregnancy, gestation to birth
gestat/o pregnancy, gestation to birth
gigant/o giant, very large
gingiv/o gingival tissue, gums
glauc/o gray
glen/o socket of a joint
gli/o neurologic cells, supportive tissue of nervous system
globul/o shaped like a ball
glomerul/o glomerulus
glott/o back of the tongue
gluc/o glucose, sugar
glycer/o sweet
gon/o seed
gonad/o gonad, sex glands
goni/o angle
-gram a picture or record
granul/o granule(s)
-graph a picture or record, machine for producing a record
-graphy the process of producing a picture or record
-gravida pregnant
gynec/o woman, female
hal/o breath
halit/o breath
hallucin/o hallucination
hem/o blood, relating to the blood
hemat/o blood, relating to the blood
hemi- half
hemoglobin/o hemoglobin
hepat/o liver
hered/o inherited, hereditary
heredit/o inherited, hereditary
herni/o hernia
hiat/o opening, gap
hidr/o sweat
hirsut/o hairy, rough
hist/o tissue
hom/o same, like, alike
home/o sameness, unchanging, constant
hormon/o hormone
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
hydr/o relating to water
hygien/o health
hyper- excessive, increased
hyp- deficient, decreased
hypn/o sleep
hypo- deficient, decreased
hyster/o uterus
-ia abnormal condition, disease, also the plural of the singular noun ending -ium
-ial pertaining to
-iasis abnormal condition, disease
-iatrics field of medicine, healing
-iatrist specialist
-iatry field of medicine
-ible capable of, able to
-ic pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ician specialist
icter/o jaundice
idi/o peculiar to one individual or organ, also unknown
-iferous bearing, carrying, producing
-ific making, producing
-iform shaped or formed like, resembling
-ile capable of
ile/o ileum, small intestine
ili/o ilium, hip bone
im- not
immun/o immune, protection, safe
impact/o pushed against, wedged against, packed
in- in, into, not, without
-in a substance or chemical
incis/o cutting into
-ine pertaining to, or a substance or chemical
infarct/o filled in, stuffed
infect/o infected, tainted
infer/o below, beneath
inflammat/o flame within, set on fire
infra- below, beneath, inferior to
inguin/o groin
inject/o to force or put in, insert
insul/o island
insulin/o insulin
inter- between, among
intern/o within, inside
intestin/o intestine
intra- within, inside
intrins/o contained within, on the inside
intro- within, into, inside
intussuscept/o take up or receive within
iod/o iodine
-ion condition, action, process, state
ion/o ion, to wander
-ior pertaining to
ir- in
-is noun ending
ir/i iris, colored part of eye
ir/o iris, colored part of eye
irid/o iris, colored part of eye
irit/o iris, colored part of eye
ischi/o ischium (hip bone)
-ism condition, state of
iso- equal, same
-ist a person who practices, specialist
-isy noun ending
-itis inflammation
-ium structure, tissue
-ive performs, tends toward
-ize to make, to treat
jejun/o jejunum
jugul/o throat
juxta- beside, near, nearby
kary/o nucleus, nut
kath- down
kel/o growth, tumor
kerat/o horny, hard, cornea
ket/o ketones, acetones
keton/o ketones, acetones
kines/o movement
kinesi/o movement
-kinesis movement
klept/o to steal
kyph/o bent, hump
labi/o lip, labium
labyrinth/o maze, labyrinth, the inner ear
lacer/o torn, mangled
lacrim/o tears, tear duct
lact/i milk
lact/o milk
lamin/o lamina
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx, throat
later/o side
lei/o smooth
lent/o the lens of the eye
lenticul/o lens, shaped like a lens
-lepsy seizure
-leptic to seize, take hold of
leuk/o white
lev/o raise, lift
lex/o word, phrase
-lexia word, phrase
ligament/o ligament
ligat/o binding or tying off
lingu/o tongue
lipid/o fat, lipid
lip/o fat, lipid
-listhesis slipping
lith/o stone, calculus
-lith stone, calculus
-lithiasis presence of stones
lob/o lobe, well-defined part of an organ
loc/o place
-logy study of
lord/o curve, swayback, bent
lumb/o lower back, loin
lumin/o light, lumen
lun/o moon
lymph/o lymph, lymphatic tissue
lymphaden/o lymph node or gland
lymphangi/o lymph vessel
-lysis breakdown, separation, setting free, destruction, loosening
-lyst agent that causes lysis or loosening
-lytic to reduce, destroy
macro- large, abnormal size or length, long
macul/o spot
mal- bad, poor, evil
-malacia abnormal softening
malign/o bad, evil
malle/o malleus, hammer
malleol/o malleolus, little hammer
mamm/o breast
manu/o hand
mandibul/o mandible, lower jaw
-mania obsessive preoccupation
mast/o breast, mastoid process
mastic/o chew
mastoid/o mastoid process
matur/o ripe, mature
maxill/o maxilla (upper jaw)
medi/o middle
mediastin/o mediastinum, middle
medic/o medicine, physician, healing
medull/o medulla (inner section), middle, marrow
mega- large, great
megal/o large, great
-megaly enlargement
melan/o black, dark
men/o menstruation, month
mening/o membranes, meninges
meningi/o membranes, meninges
menisc/o meniscus, crescent-shaped
menstru/o occurring monthly
ment/o mind, chin
mesenter/o mesentery
mesi/o middle, median plane
meso- middle
meta- change, beyond, subsequent to, behind, after
metabol/o change
-meter measure, instrument used to measure
metr/o uterus
metri/o uterus
-metrist one who measures
-metry to measure
micr/o small
micro- small
mictur/o urinate
mid- middle
milli- one-thousandth
mineral/o mineral
mio- smaller, less
-mission to send
mit/o thread, thread-like
mitr/o like a miter, having 2 points on top
-mnesia memory
mobil/o capable of moving, movement
mono- single, one
morbid/o disease, sickness
morph/o shape, form
mort/o death, dead
mot/o motion, movement
motil/o motion, movement
muc/o mucus
mucos/o mucus
multi- many, much
muscul/o muscle
mutat/o to change
my/o muscle
myc/o fungus
mydr/o widening
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
myos/o muscle
myring/o tympanic membrane, eardrum
myx/o mucus
narc/o numbness, stupor, sleep
nas/o nose
nat/o birth
necr/o death
-necrosis tissue death
neo- new, strange
ne/o new, strange
nephr/o kidney
nerv/o nerve, nerve tissue
neur/i nerve, nerve tissue
neur/o nerve, nerve tissue
neutr/o neither, neutral
nitro- nitrogen
noct/o night
nod/o knot, swelling, node
nodul/o little knot or node
non- no
nor- chemical compound
norm/o normal or usual
nucle/o nucleus
nucleol/o little nucleus, nucleolus
nulli- none
nutri/o nourishment, food, nourish, feed
ob- against
obes/o obese, extremely fat
obstetr/o pregnancy, birth
occipit/o back of skull, occiput
ocul/o eye
odont/o tooth
-oid like, resembling
olfact/o smell, sense of smell
olig/o scanty,few
-ologist specialist
-ology science or study of
-oma tumor, neoplasm
omphal/o umbilical cord, the navel
onc/o tumor
-one hormone
onych/o fingernail or toenail
o/o egg
oophor/o ovary
-opaque obscure, not transparent
operat/o perform, operate
ophthalm/o eye, vision
-opia vision condition
-opsia vision, view of
-opsy eye, vision
opt/i eye, vision
opt/o eye, vision
optic/o eye, vision
or/o mouth, oral cavity
orch/o testicles, testis, testes
orchid/o testicles, testis, testes
orchi/o testicles, testis, testes
-orexia appetite
organ/o organ
orth/o straight, normal, correct
-ory pertaining to
os- mouth, bone
-ose full of, pertaining to, sugar
-osis abnormal condition, disease
-osmia smell, odor
oss/e bone
oss/i bone
ossicul/o ossicle (small bone)
oste/o bone
ost/o bone
-ostomy the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
ot/o ear, hearing
-otomy cutting, surgical incision
-ous pertaining to
ov/i egg,ovum
ov/o egg, ovum
ovari/o ovary
ovul/o egg, ovum
ox/i oxygen
ox/o oxygen
ox/y oxygen
palat/o palate, roof of mouth
palpat/o touch, feel, stroke
palpit/o throbbing, quivering
pan- all, entire, every
pancreat/o pancreas
papill/o nipple-like, optic disc
par- beside, near, beyond, abnormal, apart from, opposite, along side of
para- beside, near, beyond, abnormal, apart from, opposite, along side of
par/o birth
-para to give birth
parathyroid parathyroid glands
-paresis partial or incomplete paralysis
-pareunia sexual intercourse
-parous having borne one or more children
paroxysm/o sudden attack
-partum childbirth, labor
patell/o patella, kneecap
path/o disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
-pathy disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
-pause stopping
pector/o chest
ped/o child, foot
pedicul/o louse or lice
pelv/i pelvic bone, pelvic cavity, hip
pelv/o pelvic bone, pelvic cavity, hip
pen/i penis
pen/o penis
-penia deficiency, lack, too few
-pepsia digest, digestion
pept/o digest, digestion
per- completely, through
percuss/o strike, tap, beat
peri- surrounding, around
perine/o perineum
peritone/o peritoneum
perme/o to pass or go through
perone/o fibula
-pexy surgical fixation
phac/o lens of eye
phak/o lens of eye
phag/o eat, swallow
-phage a cell that destroys, eat, swallow
-phagia eating, swallowing
phalang/o phalanges, finger & toe
phall/i penis
pharmac/o drug
pharmaceut/o drug
pharayng/o throat, pharynx
phas/o speech
-phasia speak or speech
phe/o dusky, gray
-pheresis removal
-philia attraction to, like, love
phil/o attraction to, like, love
phleb/o vein
-phobia abnormal fear
phon/o sound, voice
phor/o carry, bear, movement
-phoresis carrying, transmission
-phoria to bear, carry, feeling, mental state
phot/o light
phren/o diaphragm, mind
-phylactic protective, preventive
-phylaxis protection
physi/o nature, physical
-physis to grow
pigment/o pigment, color
pil/i hair
pil/o hair
pineal/o pineal gland
pinn/i external ear, auricle
pituit/o pituitary gland
pituitar/o pituitary gland
placent/o placenta, round flat cake
plak/o plaque, plate, thin flat layer or scale
-plakia plaque, plate, thin flat layer or scale
plant/i sole of foot
plant/o sole of foot
plas/i development, growth, formation
plas/o development, growth, formation
-plasia development, growth, formation
-plasm formative material of cells
plasm/o something molded or formed
-plastic pertaining to formation
-plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis, stroke
-plegic one affected w/ paralysis
pleur/o pleura, side of body
pne/o breath, breathing
-pnea breathing
pneum/o lung, air
pneumon/o lung, air
pod/o foot
poli/o gray matter of brain & spinal cord
poly- many
polyp/o polyp, small growth
poplite/o back of knee
por/o pore, small opening
-porosis lessening in density, porous condition
port/o gate, door
post- after, behind
poster/o behind, toward back
potent/o powerful, capable
pract/o practice, pursue an occupation
pre- before, in front of
pregn/o pregnant, full of
presby/o old age
primi- first
pro- before, on behalf of, supporting
proct/o anus & rectum
product/o lead forward, yield, produce
pronat/o bent forward, face down
pros- before, forward
prostat/o prostate gland
prosthet/o addition, appendage
prot/o first
protein/o protein
proxim/o near
prurit/o itching
pseud/o false
psor/o itch, itching
psych/o mind
-ptosis droop, sag, prolapse, fall
-ptysis spitting
pub/o pubis, part of hip bone
pulm/o lung
pulmon/o lung
pulsat/o beat, beating, striking
punct/o hole,prick, puncture
pupill/o pupil (of the eye)
purul/o pus, pus-filled
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis, bowl of kidney
pry/o fever, fire
pyret/o fever, fire
quadr/i four
quadr/o four
radi/o radiation, x-rays, radius (lateral lower arm bone)
radicul/o nerve root
re- back, again
recept/o receive, receiver
rect/o rectum, straight
reduct/o bring back together
refract/o bend back, turn aside
remiss/o give up, send back, relax
ren/o kidney
resuscit/o to revive
retent/o hold back
reticul/o network
retin/o retina (of the eye), net
retro- behind, backward, back of
rhabdomy/o striated (skeletal) muscle
rheumat/o watery flow, subject to flow
rhin/o nose
rhiz/o root, spinal nerve root
rhythm/o rhythm
rhytid/o wrinkle
-rrhage bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
-rrhagia bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
-rrhaphy surgical suturing
-rrhea flow, discharge
-rrhexis rupture
rug/o wrinkle, fold, ruga
sacchar/o sugar
sacr/o sacrum
saliv/o saliva
salping/o fallopian (uterine) tube, auditory (eustachian) tube
-salpinx fallopian (uterine) tube
saphen/o clear, apparent, manifest
sarc/o flesh, connective tissue
schiz/o division, to split
scler/o sclera (white of the eye), hard
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
scoli/o curved, bent
-scope instrument for visual examination
-scopic pertaining to visual examination
-scopy visual examination
script/o write
scrot/o bag or pouch, scrotum
seb/o sebum
secret/o produce, separate out
sect/o cutting, cut
semi- half
semin/i semen, seed, sperm
sen/o old age
sens/o feeling, sensation
sensitiv/o sensitive to, affected by
sept/o infection, partition
ser/o serum
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
sin/o hollow, sinus
sinistr/o left, left side
sinus/o sinus
-sis abnormal condition, disease
sit/u place
soci/o companion, fellow being
-sol solution
somat/o body
somn/o sleep
son/o sound
-spasm sudden involuntary contraction, tightening, cramping
spasmod/o sudden involuntary contraction, tightening, cramping
sperm/o sperm, spermatozoa, seed
spermat/o sperm, spermatozoa, seed
sphen/o sphenoid bone, wedge-shaped
spher/o round, sphere, ball
sphincter/o tight band, sphincter
sphygm/o pulse
spin/o spine, backbone
spir/o to breathe, coil
splen/o spleen
spondyl/o vertebral column, vertebrae, backbone
squam/o scale, scale-like cell
-stalsis contraction, constriction
staped/o stapes (middle ear bone)
staphyl/o clusters, bunch of grapes
-stasis control, maintenance of a constant level
-static control, maintenance of a constant level
steat/o fat, lipid, sebum
sten/o narrowing, conracted
-stenosis abnormal narrowing
stere/o solid, 3D
stern/o sternum (breast bone)
steth/o chest
-sthenia strength
stigmat/o point, spot
stimul/o goad, prick, incite
stom/o mouth, oral cavity
stomat/o mouth, oral cavity
-stomosis furnish w/ a mouth or outlet, new opening
-stomy furnish w/ a mouth or outlet, new opening
strept/o twisted chain, curved
styl/o pen, pointed instrument, stake
sub- under, less, below
sucr/o sugar
sud/o sweat
sudor/i sweat
super- above, excessive, higher than
supinat/o bent backward, lying on the back
suppress/o press down
suppur/o to form pus
supra- above, upper, excessive
-surgery operative procedure
sym- with, together, joined together
symptomat/o falling together, symptom(s)
syn- together, with, union, association
syncop/o to cut short, cut off, faint
synovi/o synovial membrane, synovial fluid
synov/o synovial membrane, synovial fluid
system/o body system, body as a whole
systol/o contraction, contracting
tachy- fast, rapid
tars/o tarsus (ankle bone), tarsal plate (on the edge of the eyelid)
tax/o coordination, order
techn/o skill
tele/o distant, distance
tempor/o temporal bone, temple (on head)
ten/o tendon, stretch out, extend, strain
tend/o tendon, stretch out, extend, strain
tendin/o tendon
tens/o stretch out, extend, tension
termin/o end, limit
test/i testicle, testis
test/o testicle, testis
tetra- four
thalam/o thalamus
thanat/o death
thec/o sheath
therapeut/o treatment
therm/o heat
thorac/o chest, thorax
-thorax chest, pleural cavity
thromb/o clot, thrombus
thym/o thymus gland
-thymia a state of mind
thyr/o thyroid gland
thyroid/o thyroid gland
tibi/o tibia (shin bone)
-tic pertaining to
-tion process, state or quality of
toc/o labor, birth
-tocin labor, birth
tom/o cut, section, slice
-tomy process of cutting
ton/o tension, tone, stretching
tonsill/o tonsil, throat
tort/i twisted
tox/o poison, poisonous, toxin
toxic/o poison, poisonous, toxin
trabecul/o little beam or cross bar, mesh
trache/o trachea, windpipe
tract/o draw, pull, path, bundle of nerve fibers
tranquil/o quiet, calm tranquil
trans- across, through
traumat/o injury
tremul/o fine tremor, shaking
tri- three
trich/o hair
-tripsy to crush
trop/o to turn, change
troph/o development, nourishment
-throphy development, nourishment
-tropia to turn
-tropin to stimulate, act on
tub/o tube, pipe
tubercul/o little knot, swelling, tuberculosis
tuss/o cough
tympan/o tympanic membrane, eardrum
-type classification, picture
-ula small, little
-ule small one
uln/o ulna (medial lower arm bone)
ultra- beyond, excess
-um singular noun ending
umbilic/o navel
un- not
ungu/o nail
uni- one
ur/o urine, urinary tract
-uresis urination
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
-uria urination, urine
urin/o urine or urinary organs
urtic/o nettle, rash, hives
-us thing, singular noun ending
uter/o uterus
uve/o iris, choroid, ciliary body (of the eye)
vaccin/o vaccine
vag/o vagus nerve, wandering
vagin/o vagina
valv/o valve
valvul/o valve
varic/o varicose veins, swollen or dilated vein
vas/o vas deferens, blood vessel
vascul/o blood vessel, little vessel
ven/o vein
ventilat/o expose to air, oxygen
ventr/o in front, abdomen side of body
ventricul/o ventricle of brain or heart, small chamber
-verse to turn
-version to turn
vers/o turn, travel
vert/o turn, travel
vertebr/o vertebra, backbone
vertig/o whirling around
vesic/o urinary bladder
vesicul/o seminal vesicle, blister, little bladder
vestibul/o entrance, vestibule (of inner ear)
vir/o virus, poison
viril/o masculine, manly
vis/o seeing, sight, vision
viscer/o viscera, internal organ
viscos/o sticky, thickness
vit/a life
vitre/o glassy, vitreous humor (of eye)
vulv/o vulva, covering
xanth/o yellow
xen/o strange, foreign
xer/o dry
xiph/o sword-shaped
-y noun ending
zygomat/o cheek bone, yoke
Created by: kld0519
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