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Nervous System


ANS Autonomic nervous system
CNS Central nervous system
CSF Cerebral spinal fluid
CT Computed tomography
EEG Electroencephalogram
EMG Electromyogram
ICP Intracranial pressure
LP Lumbar puncture
PNS Peripheral nervous system
TENS Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
Central nervous system Which comprises the brain & spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system Which comprises the nerves that connect the body organs to the central nervous system
Somatic nervous system Which connects the central nervous system to the skin & skeletal muscles
Autonomic nervous system Which connects the central nervous system to the visceral organs
Brain Has more than 100 billion neurons that are connected by means of electrochemical pulses, & it is responsible for all physical & mental functions of the body
Meninges The protective tissue that covers the brain & spinal cord
Dura mater Outermost layer of the meninges
Arachnoid mater Middle layer of the meninges
Pia mater Innermost layer of the meninges
Cerebral cortex Consists of a layer of neurons on the surface of the brain
Cerebrum The largest part of the brain
Cerebellum Second largest part of the brain
Diencephalon Located between the cerebrum & the midbrain. The thalamus, hypothalamus, posterior pituitary gland & pineal gland
Brain steam Connects the diencephalon to the spinal cord
Midbrain (Mesencephalon) Located between the diencephalon & the pons
Spinal nerves 31 nerves located in the spinal area
Burr hole procedures The physician drills a burr hole in the cranium to complete the procedure
Trephine A surgical instrument that is used to cut a cylindrical shape
Craniectomy Completed to remove a skull bone
Craniotomy Making an incision into the skull
Endovascular therapy Completed within the vascular system of the head or neck for a specific purpose
Nervous system Controls all bodily activities & is divided into 2 main parts
Meningitis Inflammation of the membranes of the spinal cord or brain
Encephalitis Inflammation of the brain
Myelitis Inflammation of the spinal cord
Encephalomyelitis Inflammation of both the brain & spinal cord
Parkinson's disease A progressive disease characterized by a mask-liked facial expression, weakened muscles, tremors, & involuntary movement
Alzheimer's disease A disease in which the brain structure changes lead to memory loss, personality changes, & ultimately impaired ability to function
Cerebral palsy A disorder in which the motor function of the brain is impaired
Hemiplegia Condition in which one side of the body is paralyzed
Hemiparesis Another word for hemiplegia
Epilepsy A neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance
Grand mal Abnormal electrical activity throughout the brain
Multiple sclerosis Progressive disease involving damage to the sheaths of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord
Petit mal A mild form of epilepsy characterized by brief spells of unconsciousness without loss of posture
Created by: diasiar