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Endocrine Review

Endocrine System Review additional information to study

What does the hormone Prolactin do? Prolactin ("P.R.L"), also known as luteotropic hormone or luteotropin, allows females, to produce milk.
How are most hormones regulated? Hormones are usually regulated by a "Negative feedback mechanism".
What hormone influences Giantism and Dwarfism? Growth Hormone (G.H).
Hyper-secretion of T3 and T4 causes what Endocrine disorder? Graves Disease or Goiter.
Which Endocrine gland secretes Aldosterone? the Adrenal Cortex.
Calcium balance = Calcitonin plus what ? Calcitonin and Parathyroid Hormone (P.T.H).
What are the Gonadotropic hormones? Follicle Stimulating hormone (F.S.H), Luteinizing Hormone (L.H), Prolactin (P.R.L).
What is the primary cause of Cretinism? Decreased levels of Triiodothyronine (T3), Thyroxine (T4) and Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in the body.
What is Hypo-secreation of a hormone? Lack off hormone or decreased secreation of a hormone.
What are examples of Mineralocorticoids? What do they do? Sodium (N.a) or Potassium (K). They regulate Mineral Electrolytes.
What specimen is required for hormone testing? Usually 2ml of Serum and plasma.
What are Gonads? Sex glands. in Males they are the Testes. in Females they are the ovaries.
What’s the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes ? Type 1 is an Autoimmune disorder and needs Insulin injections. Type 2 is Insulin resistant and does not require Insulin injections.
Created by: sbkahler106