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medical terminology

Common Abbreviations A through R

a before The patient's orders state, "Enema a pre-op."
aa of each The patient will take two drops (gtts) aa medication at bedtime (hs).
abd abdominl The patient's abd is soft and nondistended.
a.c. before meals The patient is to take the medication a.c.
ADL activity of daily living The patient's ADL has decreased since her stroke.
ad lib as desired The patient may be out of bed (OOB) ad lib.
a.m. in the morning The patients are to be bathed in the a.m.
amt. amount The patient ate 30% of the amt. of his diet.
AROM active range of motion The doctor ordered AROM exercises for the patient.
AX axillary (taken under the arm) The infant's temperature was 98.2 (AX).
BID two times per day The doctor ordered the patient to sit up in the chair BID.
BM bowel movement The infant had BMs x7 for the previous 24 hours. (The x means times.)
BP blood pressure The patient's BP was 122/78. (This is a normal BP.)
BRP bathroom privileges The recovering fractured hip patient was granted BRP.
C Celsius The liquid oxygen was stored at -30° (Celsius).
C with a line on top The patient is to take the medication (the letter c with a line over the top) water.
cal calorie The dietician recommended that the patient be placed on a 2400 cal ADA diet.
cath catheter The doctor ordered a urinary cath for the patient with retention (who could not urinate).
CBR complete bed rest The patient with the myocardial infarction was placed on CBR.
cc cubic centimeter The patient was to receive 30cc's of the medication PO (by mouth).
CHF congestive heart failure The doctor ordered lasix, a diuretic, for the patient with CHF.
cm centimeter The infant's abdominal girth was 32 cms. (Abdominal girth is the diameter of the abdomen. It is measured in newborn infants in order to insure adequate digestion.)
CN charge nurse The CN wanted a report on the patient's vital signs.
CNS central nervous system The concussion caused the patient to have CNS depression.
c/o complains of The patient c/o angina with exertion. (Chest pain with activity.)
DC discontinue The doctor ordered the patient's IV to be DC'd.
DON director of nurses The DON was preparing the staff for a JACH visit.
Dr. doctor
DX diagnosis The doctor was not prepared to offer a DX at this time.
F Fahrenheit The boy had an oral temperature of 100 (F).
FX fracture The boy fx'd his femur (the large bone located in the thigh).
GI gastrointestinal The patient was admitted in GI distress (stomach hurt)
gtt drop The patient was to take 3 gtts of medication in the left eye (O.S.).
GU genitourinary The man with a swollen prostate was admitted for GU complications
h hour The patient was to stay up in the chair for x3h.
H2O water The patient tolerated 100 cc's of H20
HOB head of bed The doctor's order stated that the patient should be kept in reverse Trendelenberg position.
Created by: marylong