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Intro to A&P

Chapter 3

Word or NameDefinition
Nucleoplasm The protoplasm inside the nucleus of the cell.
Cytoplasm The protoplasm outside the nucleus of the cell. The area of the cell where glycolysis occurs.
Robert Hooke The English scientist who first described cells in 1665 and built one of the first primitive microscopes to look at a thin slice of cork.
Anton von Leeuvenhoek The Dutch naturalist who was the first to observe living cells under a microscope.
Plasmalemma (plasma membrane) Cell Membrane that surrounds a cell.
Protoplasm The liquid portion of a cell.
Nucleus The control center of the cell.
Nucleolus The structure within the cell that is the site of ribosomal synthesis.
Lysosomes The small bodies in the cytoplasm that contain powerful digestive enzymes that enhance the breakdown of cellular components.
Ribosomes The site of protein synthesis.
Translation The cellular process of reading the code and bringing the appropriate amino acids in sequence along the mRNA.
Cilia & Flagella(locomotion) Cellular organelles composed of fibrils and located on the cell surface that protrude from the cell and beat or vibrate.
Photosynthesis The process by which plant cells convert the light energy of the sun into chemical energy and food for use by both plants and animals.
Chloroplasts The large organelles found mainly in plant cells that contain the green pigment chlorophyll. Site of photosynthesis.
Water The main constituent of cytoplasm.
Mitochondria The powerhouses of the cell.
Micron A cellular measurement equal to one thousandth of a millimeter.
Created by: Magyc468