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Genetics a branch of biology that studies heredity
Heredity passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
Genes The characteristics in cells that determine what will be passed from parents to children
Inherit to receive from a parent or ancestor
Trait a characteristic that is inherited and can either be recessive or dominant
Dominant observed traits of an organism that mask that recessive trait
Recessive trait of an organism that can be masked by the dominant form of the trait
Offspring the first generation of descendants produced by an animal or plant
Learned Behavior A learned behavior is one that an organism develops as a result of experience
Instinct can be performed without any prior experience or training
Mutation any random change in a organism's DNA
Carcinogens cancer causing agents that can cause uncontrollable cell growth
homozygous dominant an organism with two dominant alleles for a trait. (two upper case letters)
homozygous recessive an organism with two recessive alleles for a trait, (two lower case letters)
heterozygous an organism with a dominant allele and a recessive allele for a trait ( an uppercase letter and a lower case letter)
purebred an organism that has two alleles that are the same, can be two dominant or two recessive
hybrid an organism that has two different alleles for a trait, same as a heterozygous trait.
GMO abbreviatiomn for genetically modified organism
Created by: sdcox