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Med term chapter 9

TermDefinition
Androgen Male hormone responsible for developing and maintaining male secondary sex characteristics.
Aspermea Failure in a male sperm cells (spermatozoa) production as well as ejaculation of semen (fluid and sperm cells).
Azoospermia Lack of live spermatozoa in the semen
Balantis Inflammatory of the glans penis.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia Prostatic enlargement, nonmalignant
Bulbourethral glands One of a pair of exocrine glands, located on either side of the male urethra, glands just below the prostate gland. It secretes fluid that is part of semen; Cowper gland.
Carcinoma of the prostate A disease which only affects men. Cancer begins to grow in the prostate - a gland in male reproductive system.
Carcinoma of the Testis A malignant tumor of the male sex organ (testicle) that normally produces the hormone testosterone one of the most common cancers in young men.
Castration Removal of sex glands (gonads); ovaries of the testes
Chancre Primary lesion of syphilis; a hard ulcer occurring at the site of entry of the bacterial infection and most frequently on the external genitalia of a male or female.
Chlamydial infection Bacterial infection causing pelvic inflammation in the reproductive tract of women and men.
Circumcision Surgical removal of the foreskin (prepuce) surrounding the end of penis.
Cryogenic surgery Use of extremely cold temperatures to freeze or destroy tissue
Cryptorchism One or both testes fail to descend from the abdomen in the scrotal sac near the time of birth.
Digital rectal exam An exam done to detect abnormalities that can be felt (palpated) from within the rectum. The doctor inserts a lubricated, glove finger into the rectum and feels for anything that is not normal.
Ejaculation Ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra as a result of sexual stimulation.
Ejaculation Duct Tube thru which semen enters the male urethra.
Embryonic Carcinoma Malignant tumor of the testes.
Epididymis One of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes lying on top of each testis . It carries sperm cells to the vas deferns.
Epididymytis Inflammation of an epididymitis
Erectile dysfunction Inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence
Flagellum A hair like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile.
Fraternal twins 2 infants born from pregnancy resulting from fertilization of 2 separate ova.
Glans Penis Sensitive tip (surrounded by foreskin), of the penis.
Gonorrhea Sexually transmitted infection involving inflammation of genital tract mucous membranes and caused by gonococci (berry shaped bacteria).
Herpes Genitalis Sexually transmitted infection of the skin and mucosa of the genitals caused by the herpes simplex virus and marked by blisters.
Human papilloma virus infection Infection of the skin and mucous membrane in the anogenital region by the human papilloma virus.
Hydrocele Hernia (sac of clear, watery fluid) within the scrotum
Hypospadias Congenital anomaly in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis.
Identical twins 2 infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two separate embryos.
Impotence Inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; erectile dysfunction.
Interstitial cells of the testes In the testes , these cells lie between the seminiferous tubules and produce testosterone.
Ligation Tying of a tube of blood vessel. Thread or wire is used
Oligospermia Scanty (less than normal number of sperm in semen). Sperm count.
Orchiectomy Removal (excision) of the testis.
Ochiopexy Surgical fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum.
Orchitis Inflammation of the testis
Parenchyma tissue Functional, essential tissue of an organ. The seminiferous tubules are the parenchyma of the testis.
Penile Relating to the penis.
Penis Male genital organ composed of erectile tissue.
Penoscrotal Of or relating to the penis and scrotum.
Perineum Area between the anus and vagina in females, and the area between the anus and scrotal sac in males.
Phimosis Narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuce (foreskin) over the glans.
Photoselective vaporization of the prostate Removal of tissue to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) using a green light laser (turp).
Prepuce Fold of skin covering the glans penis (tip of the penis); foreskin.
Prostatectomy Removal (excision) of the prostate gland.
Prostate gland A gland in men that surrounds the neck of the urinary bladder and urethra. It provides a fluid which after combining with sperm cells, leaves the body as semen.
Prostatitis Inflammation of the prostate gland.
Purulent Pus-filled; forming or containing pus.
Scrotum Sac that contains the testes and associated organs.
Semen Fluid discharged at ejaculation; consisting of sperm cells and secretions from the prostate gland, seminal vesicles, and balbourethral glands.
Seminal vesicles Pair of sac like male exocrine glands lying behind the urinary (remove vesicle) bladder and opening into the vas deferens.
Seminiferous tubules Narrow, coiled tubules that produce spermatozoa in the testes.
Seminoma Malignant tumor within a testis.
Spermatogenesis Formation of sperm cells
Spermatozoa Sperm Cells
Spermatozoon Single sperm cell.
Spermolytic pertaining to destruction of sperm cells.
Sterilization Procedure that remove an individuals ability to produce or release preproductive cells.
Stromal tissue Supportive, connective tissue of an organ.
Syphilis sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria (spirochete). A chance (ulcer) on the genitalia is a characteristic lesion.
Teratoma Malignant tumor of a testis or ovary; composed of embryonic cells that develop into different types of tissue.
Testicular Pertaining to a testis or testicles.
Testicular torsion Twisting of the spermatic cord and blood vessels of the testes.
Testis Male gland that produces spermatozoa (sperm cells) and the hormone secreted by the interstitial cells of the testes.
Testosterone Male hormone secreted by the instestitial cells of the testes.
Varicocele Enlarged dilated veins near a testicle
Vas deferens Narrow tube (one on each side) that carries sperm from the epididymis into the body, around the urinary bladder toward the urethra.
Vasectomy Removing a piece of each ves deferens and tying off each end.
Vasovasostomy New opening (anastomosis) of the ends of. Severed vas defens. This surgical procedure reverses a vasectomy.
Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) Surgery used to treat urinary problems due to an enlarged prostate.
Andr/o Male
Balantis/o Glans penis
Cry/o Cold
Crypt/o Hidden
Epididym/o Epididymis
Gon/o Seed
Hydr/o Water
Orch/o Testis
Orchi/o Testis
Orchid/o Testis
Pen/o Penis
Prostat/o Prostate gland
Semin/i Semen; sseed
Sperm/o Spermatozoa sperm cells
Spermat/o Spermatozoa, sperm cells
Terat/o Malformed
Test/o Testis (testicle)
Varic/0 Varicose veins
Vas/o Vessel, duct
Zo/o Animal lift
-cele Hernia
-ectomy Removal, excision; resection
-gen Substance that produces
-genesis Producing forming
-genic Produced by or in
-lysis Breakdown, separation, destrucion
-lytic Reducing, destroying, separating
-one Hormone
-pery Fixation, to put in place
-plasia Development formation; growth
-rrhea Flow; discharge
-stomy New opening, to form a mouth
-tomy Process of cutting
-trophy Nourishment, development
Created by: Brianna1997
 

 



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