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Med Term final 09


eponym A name for a disease, organ, procedure, or body function that is derived from the name of a person.
Tetra four
Para near,beside,beyond
An abnormal accumulation of fluid (water) within the head is known as hydrocephalus
Uncontrolled, sudden attacks of sleep are known as narcolepsy
–ptosis drooping
-rrhaphy suturing
-gram record
suffix that means:sensitivity to pain -algesia
If a suffix begins with a consonant the root will need a combining vowel before
attaching to the suffix
Each of the following 3 suffixes indicate "pertaining to" -al -ous -ic
Compound words are usually composed in the following order: combining form + word root + suffix
3 suffixes pertain to a surgical procedure -plasty -pexy -centesis
supra above, over
-tripsy intentional crushing
-lysis destruction or detachment
-gravida pregnancy
-rrhagia excessive flow or discharge
-lith stone
-desis binding or surgical fusion
Name of the position of the body in Diagram with (standing, arms at sides, Palms forward, head and feet pointing forward anatomical
Identify the four types of tissues: Muscle,connective,neural, epithelial
Muscle Produces movement of the parts and organs of the body
Connective Binds other body tissue and parts; may be liquid,fatty,fibrous,cartilage, or solid.
Neural - Transmits impulses throughout the body
Epithelial - Covers the internal and external organs of the body
Identify the three ventral cavity subdivisions: thoracic, abdominal, pelvic
thoracic contains the lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus
abdominal contains the liver,gallbladder,spleen,stomach, pancreas
pelvic contains the urinary bladder and reproductive organs
The body position of lying horizontally on the back, face up is supine
A movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward is supination
aplasia absence of formation
Incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue, usually the result of a decrease in the number of cells is hypoplasia.
An increase in the number of cells of a body part is hyperplasia.
False When tenderness exists upon Munro's point, a physician might suspect appendicitis. (true or false)
The following terms use the midline of the body as reference points. Write the definition for the directional term, and then give the term that means the opposite. Deep ? Opposite: superficialPosterior back, Opposite: anteriorDorsal back side,Opposite: ventralLateral away from the midline,Opposite: medial Inferior towards the foot, Opposite: superiorCaudal near the tail,Opposite: cranialDistal?oppo
anter/o front
crani/o skull,cranium
ventr/o belly,front side
Circumscribed, slightly elevated lesions of the skin that are paler in the center than its surrounding edges are known as: hives
A small thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid; a blister is a vesicle
A small elevation of the skin filled with pus is a pustule
A small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neither raised nor depressed is a macule
A small, solid, circumscribed elevation on the skin is a papule
The word element that means fungus is myc/o
The most common malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue occurring most often on areas of skin exposed to the sun is basal cell carcinoma
substance secreted by the sebaceous gland sebum
A large blister is know as a bulla
the removal of debris, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound debridement
adip/o fat
onych/o nail
caut/o burn
trich/o hair
cutane/o skin
white euko
sweat hidr/o
scales ichthy/o ?
dryness xero
yellow xantho
A localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle; a boil furuncle
Cicatrix A scar
A scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction to the area. Abrasion
Onychomycosis Any fungal infection of the nails.
Stratum basale The layer of skin where new cells are continually being reproduced, pushing older cells toward the outermost surface of the skin.
Stratum corneum The outermost layer of the epidermis, consisting of dead cells that have converted to keratin.
Pruritis ltching.
Gangrene Death of tissue; usually the result of ischemia, bacterial invasion, and subsequent decaying of tissue.
Cyanosis A condition of a bluish discoloration of the skin.
Hemangioma A benign tumor consisting of a mass of blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color.
ID intradermal
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
I&D incision and drainage
SC subcutaneous
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
EAHF eczema,asthma, and hay fever
True or False - A noninvasive treatment that uses subfreezing temperature to freeze and destroy tissue is cautery. True
True or False - Tinea capitis is also known as ringworm of the scalp True
True or False - Tinea pedis is also known as ringworm of the body. False
True or False - Removal of the epidermis and a portion of the dermis with sandpaper or brushes is known as dermatoplasty. False
True or False - A carbuncle is a circumscribed inflammation of the skin and deeper tissues that contains pus. True
True or False - Sebum is the substance secreted by the ceruminous gland False
Aniso unequal
chrom/o color
lymphaden/o lymph gland
lymphangi/o lymph vessel
myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
-globin containing protein
sarc/o flesh
-stasis stopping or controlling
-poiesis formation
An increased level of albumin in the blood is hyperalbuminemia
Purpura is a collection of blood beneath the skin in the form of pinpointHemorrhages appearing as red-purple skin discolorations
The word element that means transmission is -phoresis
Any disorder of the lymph nodes or lymph vessels, characterized by localized or generalized enlargement is known as lymphadenopathy
PA pernicious anemia
PTT partial thromboplastin time
BMT bone marrow transplantation
Give the 5 types of anemia and define pernicious anemia,iron deficiency anemia,sickle cell anemia,hemolytic and aplastic anemia
Pernicious anemia anemia from low mature RBC (B12 inadequate)
Iron deficiency anemia hemoglobin deficient due to low iron in blood
Sickle cell anemia abnormal red blood cells with a crescent form/shape in presence of low oxygen concentration
Aplastic anemia lack of formation of the blood elements
Hemolytic anemia hemolytic reduction of RBC due to destruction
A marked reduction in the number of the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets is pancytopenia
Multiple myeloma is a malignant plasma cell neoplasm that causes and increase in the number of both mature and immature plasma cells – which often entirely replace the bone marrow and destroy the skeletal structure
An abnormal hematologic condition in which the number of platelets is reduced is thrombocytopenia
The abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tissues is known as edema
This test is used to discover the presence of antierthryocyte antibodies present in the blood of an Rh negative woman direct antiglobulin test (Coomb's test)
The process of a cell engulfing and destroying bacteria is phagocytosis
Immunity that is a result of the body developing the ability to defend itself against a specific agent is an example of natural immunity
A special treatment of allergic responses that administers increasingly large doses of the offending allergens to gradually develop immunity is known as immunotherapy
This test detects the presence of the antibodies to HIV western blot
Air hunger resulting in labored or difficult breathing, sometimes accompanied by pain is dyspnea
A treatment for varicose veins sclerotherapy
A graphic record of the electrical action of the heart is known as an electrocardiogram
Common signs and symptoms of cardiovascular problems include each of the following pallor dyspnea edema
Severe pain and constriction about the heart, usually radiating to the left shoulder and down the left arm angina pectoris
ischemia decreased supply of oxygenated blood
True or False-Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the inner lining of the heart. False
True or False-Compression of the heart caused by the accumulation of blood or other fluid within the pericardial sac, thus preventing the ventricles from adequately filling or pumping blood, is known as cardiac tamponade True
Identify the blood flow through the heart. De-oxygenated blood enters the right atrium from the superior and inferior vena cava. The blood flows into the right ventricle through the tricuspid valve. From the right ventricle the blood passes through the pulmonary valve into the pulmonary artery, w
Which term best describes a superficial skin infection characterized by serous vesicles and pustules impetigo
Select the disease that is characterized by the appearance of 'slapped cheeks." Erythema infectiosum
What is a childhood disease characterized by a barking cough, dyspnea, stridor, and laryngeal spasm called? croup
What is "strawberry tongue" characteristic of? scarlatina
What is an enzyme deficiency that alters lipid metabolism called? Tay-Sachs disease
What is a highly invasive carcinoma associated with sun exposure?
What is cellular maturation and functional definition called? differentiation
Select the term that best describes a lymphoid tissue neoplasm that is typically malignant lymphoma
What does grading describe? Cellular differentiation & growth rate
What does staging refer to? Extent of disease and tumor size
Chickenpox is caused by varicella virus
Colostrum and placental exchange are associated with passive acquired immunity.
Characterized by a blotchy red rash, and is also called the “red measles" and is diagnosed based on the presence of Kopiik's spots in the mouth. rubeola
congenital present at birth
papill/o means nipple like
pertaining to a structure with a stalk pedunculated
attached by a base rather than a stalk sessile
lying down recumbent
malignant renal tumor Wilms’ tumor
whooping cough pertussis
fever pyrexia
prevents the proliferation of malignant cells antineoplastic
increased function or complexity development
three-day measles rubella
red measles rubeola
an illness or abnormal condition morbidity
True or False - Malignant tumors displace adjacent tissue as they increase in size. False
Define external respiration breathing oxygen into lungs to supply oxygen to the body, exhaling, removing carbon dioxide (waste) from the body.
Pleural _________ is accumulation of fluid in the pleural space, causing compression of the lung and dyspnea. effusion
the chronic pulmonary disease that is characterized by an increase beyond the normal size of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchiole, either from dilation of the alveoli or from destruction of their walls. emphysema
epistaxis nosebleed
rhinorrhea thin, watery discharge from the nose
Identify the pathway of air as it travels from the nose to the capillaries of the lungs Nose, nasal cavity,paranasal sinuses , pharynx, larynx, trachea,bronchi,Bronchioles,alveoli
The following terms are techniques used in the physical examination of the respiratory system percussion, palpation, auscultation
What is the medical term for "sore throat"? pharyngitis
Which term best describes spitting up blood? hemoptysis
The use of a needle to collect pleural fluid for laboratory analysis, or to remove excess pleural fluid or air from the pleural space is known as a(n) thoracentesis
The term for a collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity is pneumothorax
paranasal sinuses hollow, are located in the skull, communicate with the nasal cavity
Chronic dilatation of a bronchus or bronchi, with secondary infection that usually involves the lower portion of the lung is known as bronchiectasis
Pus in a body cavity, especially in the pleural cavity, that is usually the result of a primary infection in the lungs is known as Empyema
Phren/o refers to the diaphragm
Pneum/o lung
True or False - A condyle is a knuckle-like projection at the end of a bone. True
-desis surgical repair
redmarrow of the bones is responsible for hematopoiesis, which is defined as red blood cell creation
occurs at the lower end of the radius, within 1 inch of the wrist bones Colles’ fracture
A genetically transmitted disorder that is characterized by progressive weakness and muscle fiber degeneration without evidence of nerve involvement or degeneration of nerve tissue is known as pseudotrophic muscular dystrophy
Created by: kcannon