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Female reproductive

Female reproductive system

Purpose of female reproductive system Reproduction Secretes hormones that support secondary sex characteristic changes Secretes hormones that sustain pregnancy Estrogen / progesterone hormones
External genitalla 1 mons pubis ( fatty tissue that covers and cushion the symphysis pubis ( bone in pubic )
External genitalla #2 2 labia majora (labia= lips) Two folds of skin containing fatty tissue and covered with hair Located on either side of the vaginal opening Extending from mons pubis to perineum(area between vagina and anus)
Labia minor 2 thin folds of tissue located within the folds of the labia major Extends to the clitoris downward toward the perineum
Bartholins gland Located on either side of the vaginal ( orifice - means opening) Secretes a mucoid substance that lubricants the vagina
Clitoris Located just behind the upper junction of the labia minora Clitoris is short , enlongated organcomposed of erectile tissue Homologous to the penis
Urinary orifice Is part of the kidney system not a true part of the female reproductive system BUT part of the vulva Urinary orifice is our pee hole Two openings
Vaginal orifice Also known as ( vaginal introitus) Located in the lower portion of the vestibule below the urinary Meatus
Perineum Area between the vaginal orifice and anus Consists of muscular and fibrous tissue and serves as a support for the pelvic structures
The urinary orifice is part of the reproductive system ? False / it is part of the vulva
Internal genitalia Vagina Muscular tube that connects the uterus with the vulva Rests between the bladder( ANTERIORLY) and Rectum (POSTERIORLY)
Internal vagina Has stretchable folds of the inner lining called RUGAE The Rugae expands during child birth to permit passage of baby's head without tearing the lining
Uterus Main structure for the baby is a pear shaped hollow muscular organ that houses the fertilized implanted ovum as it developes throughout pregnancy Also source of monthly menstrual flow if pregnancy does not occur
Uterus 3 identifiable portions 1 fundus ( small dome shaped upper portion) 2 body ( central portion) 3 cervix ( narrower neck like portion at lower end)
Walls of the uterus Contains 3 1 perimetrium 2 myometrium 3 endometrium
Perimetrium Outermost layer Muscles of the uterus
Myometrium Middle muscle that give woman cramps when ministrations
Endometrium Inner most layer Highly vascular
Fallopian tubes Also known as uterine or oviducts Passageway for the ova as they exit the ovary to go to uterus The Fallopian tube each have free ends in finger like projection called ( fimbriae)
Frimbriae Frimbriated ends draw Ovam into the Fallopian tubes with wave like motions when ovum is released from ovary
Ovaries Female sex cell = female gonads Almond shaped pair of ovaries are held in place by ligaments
Ovaries are responsible for ? Producing mature ova and releasing them monthly ( period ovulation) They also produce hormones for normal growth and development of females These hormones are necessary for maintaining pregnancy
Mammary glands The breast responsible for the production of milk ( lactation ) Consists of glandular tissue with supporting adipose tissue also fibrous connective tissue covered by the skin
Structures of the breast Nipple - located in the center Consists of sensitive erectile tissue
Areola Darker pigmented area surrounding nipple
Montgomery's tubercles Smallest sebaceous gland in the Areola
Tissues of the breast Adipose - supporting tissue Connective -fiberous tissue Glandular tissues
Lactiferous ducts Narrow tubular structures of the breast they transport milk to the nipple for breastfeeding
Female pelvis land marks Sacrum / coccyx / pubic bone / ischail spines
Sacrum - coccyx / pubic bone / ischail spines Serve as reference points for measuring across the outlet from varying angles This measurement determines size of pelvic outlet for adequate passage for the fetus
Puberty Period of life which gives the ability to reproduce begins Female s reproductive organs are fully developed Secondary sex characteristic changes occur
Menstrual phase Menstrution phase is 1- 5 days Menstrual flow occurs on day one and lasts for 3 a 5 days
Post menstrual phase Is 6 - 12 days Interval between menses and ovulation
Ovulatory phase 13. - 14 days Graafian follicle ruptures releasing mature ovum into pelvic cavity This is ( ovulation)
Premenstrual phase 15 - 28. Days Phase between ovulatory phase and onset of menstrual flow
Amenorrhea Absence of flow
Dysmenorrhea Painful flow
Menorrhagia Abnormally long and very heavy menstrual periods
Metrorrhagia Uterine bleeding at times other than the menstrual period
Oligomenorrhea Abnormally light or infrequent menstrution
Abstinence Abstaining from having sex
Oral contraceptives Birth control pills They contain synthetic forms of estrogen and progesterone
Deposit - provera injection Administered intramuscular Once every 12 weeks
Intrauterine device ( IDU ) Small plastic t- shaped device inserted through the vagina and into the uterus to prevent implantation of an ovum into the uterus
Birth control patch Thin patch that continuously delivers hormones into the bloodstream Patch must be changed every 7 days
Contraceptive ring Ring placed monthly into the vagina releases hormones for prevention
Barrier method Place physical barriers between the cervix and the sperm Sperm cannot pass the cervix and enter the uterus and thus the Fallopian tubes
Permanent methods of birth control Tubal ligation surgically cutting and tying the Fallopian tubes Known as female sterilization
Permanent micro - insert system Alternate to tubularigation bilateral occlusion of fallopian tubes by inserting a soft flexible micro insert into each fallopian tube No incision w/o general anesthesia
Permanent birth control for male Vasectomy - male sterilization Surgically cutting and tying the vas deferens to prevent passage of sperm
Carcinoma of the breast Malignant tumor of breast tissue Most common ( ductal carcinoma ) Originates in the mammary duct
Cervical carcinoma Malignant tumor of the cervix Symptoms Bleeding Between Menstual periods After intercourse After menopause and an abnormal Pap smear
cervicitis Acute or chronic inflammation of the uterine cervix
Cystocele Herniation or downward protrusion of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina Causes incomplete emptying of the bladder which may result in cystitis
Endometrial carcinoma Malignant tumor of the inner lining of the uterus Adenocarcinoma of the uterus
Endometriosis Presence of growth of endometrial tissue in areas outside the endometrium ( tissue often found in abdominal cavity
Fibrocystic breast disease Presence of single or multiple fluid - filled cysts that are palpable in the breast Cysts are benign and fluctuate in size with the menstrual period
Fibroid tumor A benign fibrous tumor of the uterus
Leiomyoma Benign smooth muscle tumor of the uterus
Ovarian carcinoma Malignant tumor of the ovaries Mostly common in women over 50 Rarely detected in early stage
Ovarian cysts Benign globular sacs ( cysts ) that form on or near the ovaries Can be fluid filled or semisolid
Pelvic inflammatory disease ( PID ) Infection of the Fallopian tubes also known as salpingitis Begins with cervical infection spreading to endometrium , Fallopian tubes and ovaries
Stressed incontinence Inability to hold urine when the bladder is stressed by sneezing , coughing, laughing or lifting
Vaginitis Inflammation of the vagiha and the vulva Disturbance in the normal floors or PH of the vagina Allows microorganism to flourish
Aspiration biopsy Invasive proceedure a needle is inserted into an area of the body such as breast Withdraws tissue or fluid sample to diagnose
Colposcopy visual examination Of the vagina and cervix with a coloscopy Lighted binocular microscope
Cone biopsy Sx removal of a cone shaped segment of cervix Also known as ( conization )
Papanicolau smear Pap smear examine of cells scraped from cervix
Leiomyoma Smooth muscle tumor
Fibroid tumor Fibrous tumor
Culdocentesis Sx puncture through the posteria wall of the vagina into. The cul de sac to withdraw intra peritoneal fluid to exam
Created by: Tbella
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