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Medical Terminology2

Superior Above
Inferior Below
Anterior Front
Medial Toward the midline
Cephlad Toward the head
Caudal Toward the Tail
Dorsal Backside
Ventral Belly side
Proximal Near the trunk or point of reference
Distal Farther from the trunk or point of reference
Lateral Away from the midline or medial plane
Posterior `Back: posterior are those toward the backside
Superficial Toward or at the body
Spinal Near the spine and spinal cord
Abdominal Around the abdomen
Pelvic Around the pelvis
Thoracic Around the chest
Deep (Internal) Away from the body surface
Sagittal plane Divides the body into left and right parts
Median/Midsagittal plane Divides the body into equal parts, right down the middle
Parasagittal plane All other sagittal planes that do not evenly divide the body
Frontal/ coronal plane Divides the body into anterior and posterior parts
Transverse plane Runs horizontally, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts.
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