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A&P BONE MARKING

Anatomy & Physiology Bone Marking Types/Terms

TermDefinition
ANGLE AN INSIDE OR OUTSIDE CORNER ANGLE EX. Mandible, Scapula, Subpubic
BODY MAIN OR CENTRAL PORTION OF A BONE EX. Sphenoid bone, Mandible, Vertebra, Sternum, Rib
BORDER EDGE OR BOUNDARY OF A BONE EX. Superior border of scapula, Media/Lateral border of scapula
CONDYLE ROUNDED BUMP; USUALLY FITS INTO A FOSSA OF ANOTHER BONE TO FORM A JOINT. EX. Occipital, Femur, Tibia
CREST MODERATELY RAISED RIDGE; SITE FOR MUSCLE ATTACHMENT. EX. Crest of coxal (pelvic) bone, Interochanteric crest of femur, Crest of Tibia
EPICONDYLE BUMP NEAR A CONDYLE; MUSCLE ATTACHMENT EX. Literally: Upon a knuckle, Lateral/Medial Epicondyle of Humerus/Femur
FACET FLAT SURFACE FORMS A JOINT WITH ANOTHER FACET OR FLAT BONE. EX. Literally: Little Face, Superior/Inferior articular facet of vertebrae
FISSURE LONG, CRACKLIKE HOLE FOR BLOOD EX. Literally: A Split, Superior/Inferior Orbital Fissure of Sphenoid
FORAMEN ROUND HOLE FOR VESSELS AND NERVES EX. Literally: Hole, Stylomastoid and Jugular of Temporal Bone. Supraorbital of Frontal Bone, Rotundum , Optic, Ovale, Lacerum, Spinosum Of Sphenoid Bone. Magnum of Occipital Bone, Infraorbital of maxilla, Mandibular
FOSSA DEPRESSION; OFTEN RECEIVES AN ARTICULATING BONE EX. Literally: Ditch. Obturator of coxal, Mandibular and Jugular fossa of Temporal, subscapular, Olecranon and Coronoid fossa of Humerus, Intercondylar fossa of Humerus
HEAD DISTINCT EPIPHYSIS ON A LONG BONE, SEPARATED FROM SHAFT BY NARROW PORTION (Neck). HEAD OF: Rib, Humerus, Radius, Ulna, Metacarpal bone, Femur, Fibula, Metatarsal Bone.
LINE SIMILAR TO A CREST, NOT AS RAISED (Faint) EX. Superior/Inferior Nuchal Lines of Occipital. Sup/Inf Temporal Line of Parietal. Interochanteric, Linea aspera, Supracondylar, Intercondylar lines of Femur
MARGIN EDGE OF A FLAT BONE OR FLAT AREA EX. Supraorbital margin of Frontal Bone, Infraorbital margin of Maxilla
MEATUS TUBE LIKE OPENING OR CHANNEL Literally: Passage. EX. External/Internal Meatus of Temporal
NECK EX. NECK OF: Mandible, Rib, Anatomical neck of Humerus, Surgical Neck of Humerus, Neck of Radius/Femur
NOTCH A V-LIKE CUT OUT OF MARGIN OR EDGE OF A FLAT AREA EX. Supraorbital Notch, Radial Notch of Ulna, Greater/Lesser Notch of Coxal Bone, Intercondylar Notch of Femur.
PROCESS PROJECTION OR RAISED AREA EX. Process of: Mastoid, Zygomatic, Styloid of Temporal Bone. Temporal Process of Zygomatic, Alveolar & Palatine of Maxilla, Condylar/Coronoid/Alveolar of Mandible.
PROCESS (Cont.) EX. Spinous/Transverse, Superior/Inferior Articulation Process of Vertebra. Xiphoid of Sternum, Coracoid of Scapula, Styloid of Radius/Ulna, Coronoid of Ulna.
RAMUS CURVED PORTION OF A BONE Like a Ram's Horn Literally: Branch. EX. Ramus of Mandible, Superior/Inferior Pubic Ramus
SINUS CAVITY WITHIN A BONE Literally: Hollow EX. Frontal, Ethmoid, Maxillary Sinus
SPINE SHARP, POINTED PROCESS; Similar to crested, but more raised for muscle attachment. Literally: Thorn EX. Spine of Scapula, Vertebra, Anterior Superior/Inferior Spine, Posterior Superior/Inferior Spine, Ischial Spine
SULCUS GROOVE OR ELONGATED DEPRESSION Literally: Trench. EX. Intertubecular Sulcus, Radial Sulcus
TROCHANTER LARGE BUMP FOR MUSCLE ATTACHMENT (Larger than a Tubercle or Tuberosity) Literally: Runner. EX. Greater/Lesser Trochanter of Femur
TUBERCLE SMALL TUBEROSITY; SMALL OBLONG BUMP. Literally: Small bump/lump. EX. Tubercle of Rib, Pubic Tubercle, Greater/Lesser Tubercle of Humerus, Adductor Tubercle of Femur.
TUBEROSITY OBLONG, RAISED BUMP; USUALLY FOR MUSCLE ATTACHMENT (Smaller is a Tubercle) EX. Frontal Tuberosity, Deltoid Tuberosity of Humerus, Radial, Ischial & Tibial Tuberosity
FORAMEN MAGNUM HOLE THAT IS HUGE; HUGE HOLE
Created by: MCasler