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Pharmacology Part 2


Poison Any substance that causes illness, injury or death to the body.
After we give a medication to a patient, what should we instruct the patient to do? Wait 15-20 minutes for any allergies
Buccal Drug placed between gum and cheek and allowed to dissolve.
Sublingual Drug placed under the tongue and allowed to dissolve.
Inhalation Drug is inhaled by means of a nebulizer. "Breath In"
Topical Drug is externally applied to the skin or mucous membranes (includes eye, ear, and nasal installations).
Transdermal Drug impregnated on an adhesive patch and absorbed "through the skin" i.e. chest or arm.
Parental Drug is injected—SC, IM, ID, IV.
Oral Administration Procedure Order of multiple oral medications: 1. Pills with liquid. 2. Liquid medications diluted with water. 3. Undiluted cough medications or syrups. 4. Sublingual medications.
Barrel Cylindrical portion that "holds the medication" Calibrated in cubic centimeters (cc) and minims.
Flange "Large rim at the edge of barrel" Aids in depressing plunger and prevents rolling on a flat surface.
Plunger Rubber-tipped shaft that fits into the barrel to draw medication in and out of the barrel.
Tip The point where the needle is attached to the barrel.
Hub Part that attaches to barrel tip.
Intradermal-ID 26-27G
Intradermal-ID 1/4 to 1/2 in.
Diluent Sterile water or bacteriostatic normal saline is commonly used to reconstitute medications.
Vial Single or multiple dose bottles having rubber stoppers.
Ampule Small glass container. The stem must be broken to "collect the medication"
Charging Syringe from Vial 1. Wipe the rubber stopper with alcohol. 2. Draw air into the syringe equal to the volume of medication to be withdrawn from the vial.
Subcutaneous Drug injected into under the skin, i.e. fatty tissue. Bevel Up. Absorption:3rd Fastest.
Intramuscular Injected into the body of a muscle.
Deltoid Shoulder cap region.
Dorsogluteal Back of the hip.
Ventrogluteal Side of the hip.
Vastus Lateralis Upper thigh region.
Intramuscular Injection Absorption: 2nd Fastest
Z-track IM Injection This pattern prevents the medication from seeping back through needle track.
Intradermal Drug injected into upper layer of the skin, i.e. under the epidermis and into the superficial dermis. Bevel Up. Absorption:Least Fastest. Very Slow
Intramuscular 90 Degree Angle
Subcutaneous 45 Degree Angle
Mantoux Test Test done for Tuberculosis
Mantoux Administration Interpret results within 48-72 hours (3 days)
Intravenous Drug injected into a vein. Absorption: Fastest
Anaphylaxis: Signs & Symptoms Sneezing Rhinitis(Runny Nose) Urticaria(Hives) Pruritus (Itching) Dyspnea (Difficulty Breathing)
Dependence Physiological adaptation to a drug that causes physical disturbances during periods of prolonged abstinence.
Abuse Any use of drugs that cause physical, psychological, legal, economic, or social harm to the user.
Prescription Physician order to dispense a drug.
Superscription "Rx symbol" (L. recipe), meaning take thou.
Inscription Name of drug, form, and strength.
Subscription Number of doses dispensed and preparation instructions.
Signature "Write on label" Patient instructions for taking medication.
Plain Tip Needle hub is pushed onto the syringe tip.
LuerLok Tip Needle hub is screwed into the syringe tip.
Cannula (Shaft) Length of needle.
Point Sharp end of needle shaft
Bevel Slant of needle point
Lumen Inside diameter of needle
Subcutaneous-SQ 25-26G
Intramuscular-IM 21-23G
Subcutaneous-SQ 1/2 to 5/8 in.
Intramuscular-IM 1/2 to 2 in.
Intradermal 10-15 Degree Angle
pulv powder
sol solution
ung ointment
subl sublingual
ac before meals
ad lib as desired
hs hour of sleep
pc after meals
-c with
npo nothing by mouth
-s without
-ss one-half
stat immediately
iv 4
vii 7
ix 9
po by mouth
AS Left Ear
OD Right Eye
OU Both Eyes
q_h every 'n' hour
qid four times a day
qod every other day
tid 3 times a day
-aa of each
Created by: itsdelis