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atomical positions

medical terminology terms

cranial skull
cephal head
caudal tail
superior above
inferior below
epi upon, over
hypo under
proximal nearest
distal far
ventral front
anterior ventral, front
dorsal back
posterior dorsal, back
lateral side
gastr stomach
renal kidney
chondr cartilage
axillary armpit
brachial arm
inguinal between abdomen and thigh
popliteal back of knee
pulmonary lung
viscera ventral organs
medial refers to the middle
lateral refers to either sides
bilateral refers to both sides
proximal nearest to the point of attachment
distal furthest away from the point of attachment
supine laying on back facing upward
prone lying on stomach facing downwards
deep through the surface
superficial on or near the surface
transverse plane cuts across the body
superior above
inferior below
midsagittal divides the body in half down the center, left and right
frontal divides the front and back side
anterior front
posterior back
anatomical position standing erect facing forward arms at side palms forward
inguinal relating to the groin
lumbar lower back
thoracic chest and upper back
diaphragm separates the thoracic and abdominal cavity
renal relating to the kidneys
cubital forearm or elbow
popliteal hollow back of the knee
Created by: b.capell