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Medical Terminology

AHL120: Chapters 5-8

TermDefinition
Abruption Placentae A complication of pregnancy, wherein the placental lining has separated from the uterus of the mother prior to delivery
Abscess A swollen area within body tissue, containing an accumulation of pus.
Albuminuria The presence of albumin in the urine, typically as a symptom of kidney disease. Protein in urine.
Anorexia A lack or loss of appetite for food
Anuria Failure of the kidneys to produce urine.
Ascites Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity, causing abdominal swelling.
Azotemia Abnormally high levels of nitrogen-containing compounds (such as urea, creatinine, various body waste compounds, and other nitrogen-rich compounds) in the blood. (azot, "nitrogen" + -emia, "blood condition")
Celiac Relating to the abdomen.
Cheil/o Lip
Cholecystectomy Surgical removal of the gallbladder.
Colposcope Surgical instrument used to examine the vagina and the cervix of the uterus.
Common Bile Duct Small, tube-like structure to carry bile from the gallbladder and empty it into the upper part of the small intestine
Corpus Luteum Hormone-secreting structure that develops in an ovary after an ovum has been discharged but degenerates after a few days unless pregnancy has begun.
Dental Caries Tooth decay or cavities
Dilation Condition of becoming or being made wider, larger, or more open.
Dysphagia Difficulty in swallowing
Dystocia Difficult birth
Endometriosis Condition resulting from the appearance of endometrial tissue outside the uterus and causing pelvic pain.
Gingivectomy Excision of the gingiva. Removal of gums disease.
Glomerular Cluster of capillaries around the end of a kidney tubule, where waste products are filtered from the blood.
Gynecomastia Enlargement of a man's breasts, usually due to hormone
Hemolysis The rupture or destruction of red blood cells.
Ileus Painful obstruction of the ileum or other part of the intestine.
Jaundice Medical condition with yellowing of the skin.
Jejunojejunostomy Surgical creation of an opening or passage between two portions of jejunum.
Labi/o Lip
Laparoscopy Surgical procedure in which an instrument is inserted through the abdominal wall to view the organs in the abdomen or to permit a surgical procedure.
Leukoplakia A mucous membrane disorder characterized by white patches, especially on the cheek, tongue, vulva, or penis.
Leukorrhea A whitish or yellowish discharge of mucus from the vagina.
Medulla The inner region of an organ or tissue.
Menarche The first occurrence/beginning of first menstruation.
Menstruation Monthly shedding of the lining of the uterus (blood)
Mesentery Folds of the peritoneum that attaches the stomach, small intestine, pancreas, spleen, and other organs to the posterior wall of the abdomen.
Neonatology Study of (medical care of) newborn or infants.
Nephrosclerosis Hardening of the kidney. Progressive disease of the kidney.
Oophoritis Inflammation of an ovary
Paratoid Gland Pair of large salivary glands situated just in front of each ear.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Inflammation of the female genital tract, accompanied by fever and lower abdominal pain.
Peristalsis The involuntary constriction (rhythm) and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal
Progesterone Hormone released by the corpus luteum that stimulates the uterus to prepare for pregnancy.
Pulp Soft tissue (in tooth )containing blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatics.
Pyloric Stenosis Opening from the stomach to the first part of the small intestine. Narrowing
Renal abscess may lead to: Pyuria
Sialadenolithiasis Stone in a salivary gland.
Sphincter A ring of muscle surrounding and serving to guard or close an opening or tube, such as the anus or the openings of the stomach.
Stomat/o Mouth
Trigone Triangular region or tissue, particularly the area at the base of the urinary bladder, between the openings of the ureters and urethra.
Urinalysis Analysis (test) of urine by physical, chemical, and microscopical means to test for the presence of disease, drugs, etc.
Vesicorectal Relating to the bladder and the rectum. Back flow of urine?
Volvulus Obstruction caused by twisting of the stomach or intestine.
Created by: itsdelis
 

 



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