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Female Reproductive

Pathology

TermDefinition
carcinoma of cervix Malignant cells within the cervix (cervical cancer).
cervicitis Inflammation of the cervix.
carcinoma of the endometrium (endometrial cancer) Malignant tumor of the uterine lining (adenocarcinoma).
endometriosis Endometrial tissue located outside the uterus.
fibroidsc Benign tumors in the uterus.
ovarian carcinoma (cancer) Malignant tumor of the ovary (adenocarcinoma).
ovarian cysts Collections of fluid within sacs (cysts) in the ovary.
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) Inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, endocervicitis.
carcinoma of the breast (breast cancer) Malignant tumor of the breast (arising from milk glands and ducts).
fibrocystic breast disease Numerous small sacs of fluid surrounded by dense strands of fibrous tissue in the breast.
abruptio placentae Premature separation of the normally implanted placenta.
ectopic pregnancy Implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location.
multiple gestations More than on fetus inside the uterus.
placenta previa Implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus.
preeclampsia Abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache.
NEONATAL: Down syndrome Chromosomal abnormality (trisomy 21) results in mental retardation, retarded growth, a flat face with a short nose, low-set ears, and slanted eyes.
NEONATAL: erythroblastosis Hemolytic disease in the newborn (HDN) caused by a blood group (Rh factor) incompatibility between mother and fetus.
NEONATAL: hyaline membrane disease Acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn.
NEONATAL: hydrocephalus Accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain.
NEONATAL: meconium aspiration syndrome Abnormal inhalation of meconium produced by a fetus or newborn.
NEONATAL: pyloric stenosis Narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum.
CLINICAL TESTS: pap test (pap smear) Microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix.
CLINICAL TESTS: pregnancy test Blood or urine test to detect the presence of hCG.
PROCEDURES: hysterosalpingography (HSG) X-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material.
PROCEDURES: mammograqhy X-ray imaging of the brest.
PROCEDURES: breast ultrasound imaging and breast MRI Technologies using sound waves and a magnetic field to create images of breast tissue.
PROCEDURES: pelvic ultrasonography Recording images of sound waves as they bounce off organs in the pelvic region.
PROCEDURES: aspiration Withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction.
PROCEDURES: cauterization Destruction of tissue by burning.
PROCEDURES: colposcopy Visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope.
PROCEDURES: conization Removal of a cone-shaped section (cone biopsy) of the cervix.
PROCEDURES: cryosurgery Use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue.
PROCEDURES: culdocentesis Needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac.
PROCEDURES: dilation (dilatation) and curettage (D&C) Widening the cervix and scraping off the endometrial lining of the uterus.
PROCEDURES: exenteration Removal of internal organs within a cavity.
PROCEDURES: laparoscopy Visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope (laparoscope).
PROCEDURES: tubal ligation Blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occurring.
PROCEDURES: abortion (AB) Termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus can exist on its own.
PROCEDURES: amniocentesis Needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis.
PROCEDURES: cesarean section Surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus.
PROCEDURES: chorionic villus sampling (CVS) Sampling of placental tissues (chorionic villi) for prenatal diagnosis.
PROCEDURES: fetal monitoring Continuous recording of the fetal heart rate and maternal uterine contractions to assess fetal status and the progress of labor.
PROCEDURES: in vitro fertilization (IVF) Egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body in a laboratory dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization.
Created by: MamaTurtle67