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Digestive System

Signs and Symptoms

TermDefinition
Achlorhydria Abnormal condition, absence of hydrochloride acid in the gastric juice
Anorexia Lack or loss of appetite; inability to eat
Aphagia Condition characterized by the loss of the ability to swallow as a result of organic or psychological causes
Ascites Abnormal accumulation of fluid within the peritoneal cavity(fluid contains large amounts of protein and electrolytes.
Borborygmus Audible abdominal sound produced by hyperactive intestinal peristalsis(borborygmi-rumbling gurgling noises heard with a stethoscope)
Constipation Difficulty passing feces, incomplete or infrequent passage of hard feces
Diarrhea Frequent passage of loose watery feces
Dyspepsia Epigastric discomfort after eating; uncomfortable feeling off fullness heartburn bloating and nausea
Dysphagia Difficulty swallowing associated with obstructive or motor disorders of the esophagus
Emaciation Excessive leanness caused by disease or lack of nutrition
Emesis (Vomiting)Material expelled from stomach during vomiting
Eructation (Burping)bringing air from stomach with a belching sound through mouth
Flatus(flatulence) Air or gas from intestine through anus
Gastroesophageal reflux (Heartburn)back flow of stomach contents into esophagus;result of incompetence of lower esophageal sphincter
Icterus (Jaundice) yellowish discoloration of skin and eyes caused by large amounts of bilirubin in blood
Melena Abnormal black tarry stool containing blood
Nausea Unpleasant sensation often leading to the urge to vomit
Pruritus ani Chronic condition of itching of skin around anus
Steatorrhea Large amounts of fat in feces; frothy foul smelling fecal matter that floats
Vomit Expel contents of stomach through esophagus and out of mouth
Created by: MedicalMermaid