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TDommel

YTI- Med Term- Cardio

QuestionAnswer
aneurysm/o a widening, a widened blood vessel
electr/o electricity
angi/o vessel
cardi/o heart
vascul/o vessel
ather/o fatty plaque
aort/o aorta
atri/o atrium
arteri/o artery
arteriole/o arteriole
embol/o plug
ventricul/o ventricle
hemangi/o blood vessel
thromb/o blood clot
my/o muscle
sten/o narrowing, stricture
phleb/o vein
sphygm/o pulse
ven/o vein
sept/o septum
scler/o hardening; sclera
-gram record, writing
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process for recording
-sphyxia pulse
-stenosis narrowing, stricture
extra- outside
brady- slow
endo- in, within
peri- around
trans- across
tachy- rapid
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
CC cardio catherization
MI myocardial infarction
ECG,EKG electrocardiogram
ECHO echocardiogram; echoencephalogram
DOE dyspnea on exertion
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
VT ventricular tachycardia
BBB bundle branch block
BP blood pressure
PAT paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
DVT deep vein thrombosis
CAD coronary artery disease
PVC premature ventricular contraction
AF atrial fibrillation
Utilizes a radioisotope to evaluate coronary blood flow. nuclear stress test
Electrocardiogram (ECG) taken with a small portable recording system capable of storing up to 24 hours of ECG tracings Holter moniter test
Passage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the heart cardiac catheterization
Incision or puncture of a vein to remove blood or introduce fluids or medications phlebotomy
Tying of a varicose vein followed by removal of the affected segment ligation and stripping
Puncture of a vein by a needle attached to a syringe or catheter to withdraw a specimen of blood, a phlebotomy, instill a medication, or inject a radiopaque substance for radiological examination venipuncture
Removal and examination of a segment of an arterial vessel wall to confirm inflammation of the wall or arteritis arterial biopsy
Graphic line recording that shows the spread of electrical excitation to different parts of the heart using small electrodes applied to the chest, arms and legs electrocardiogram
Noninvasive diagnostic method that uses ultrasound to visualize internal cardiac structures and produce images of the heart echocardiography
Series of tests used to assess risk factors of ischemic heart disease lipid panel
Noninvasive imaging technique that uses radiowaves and a strong magnetic field rather than an x-ray magnetic resonance imaging
Noninvasive adaptation of ultrasound technology in which blood flow velocity is assessed in different areas of the heart Doppler ultrasound
Removal of material from on occluded vessel using a specially designed catheter fitted with a cutting or grinding device atherectomy
Process of restoring the normal rhythm of the heart by applying a controlled electrical shock to the exterior of the chest cardioversion
Removal and examination of a small piece of tissue for diagnostic purposes biopsy
Localized abnormal dilation of a vessel, usually an artery aneurysm
Excessive amounts of lipids in the blood hyperlipidemia
Soft blowing sound heard on auscultation, possibly due to vibrations associated with the movement of blood, valvular action or both; aka murmur bruit
Quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions, especially of the heart, causing ineffectual contractions fibrillation
Common disorder characterized by elevated BP persistently exceeding 140 sysolic or 90 diastolic hypertension
Circulation of blood through tissues or the passage of fluids through vessels of an organ perfusion
Hypertension in which there is no identifiable cause; aka essential hypertension primary hypertension
Sensation that the heart is not beating normally,possibly including "thumping", "fluttering" or a pounding feeling in the chest palpitation
Hypertension that results from an underlying, identifiable commonly correctable cause secondary hypertension
Local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction ischemia
Blood clot that obstructs a vessel thrombus
Congenital anomaly consisting of four elements; 1)pulmonary artery stenosis; 2) interventricular septal defect; 3) transposition of the aorta, so that both ventricles empty into the aorta; 4) right ventricular hypertrophy caused by increased workload tetralogy of Fallot
Created by: TDommel