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Clinical Technique--Temperatures

What are the four vital signs? temperature, pulse, respiration & blood pressure (called TPR & blood pressure)
What are the general guidelines that the MA should follow when taking vitals? familiar with the normal ranges for all vital signs; 2.make sure that all equipement for measuring vitals is properly working; 3.eliminate or minimize factors that affect the vital signs; 4.use an organized approach when measuring the vital signs
Body temperature is maintained within a fairly constant range by the__________ which is located in the____________. hypothalamus; brain
How is body temperature maintained? through a balance of the heat produced in the body and the heat lost from the body
Most of the heat produced in the body is through__________and ____________ muscle contraction voluntary and involuntary
Body heat is also produced by what? cell metabolism, fever, and strong emotional states
Name four ways heat is lost from the body: urine, feces, water vapor from lungs, and persperation
What three ways cause loss of heat from the body? radiation, conduction, and convection
What is radiation? the transfer of heat in the form of waves
What is conduction? the transfer of heat from one object to another (ex: heat from body to something cooler it touches)
What is convection? the transfer of heat through air currents
Normal body temp is between what ranges? 97-99 degrees Fahrenheit
Average temp is what? 98.6
If a temperature goes above 105.8, it is known as what? hyperpyrexia
What are different variations in body temperature: age, diurnal variations, exercise, emotional states, enviornment, patient's normal body temp, pregnancy
What are the three stages of a fever? the onset, the course of a fever, the subsiding stage
Describe the onset of a fever: when the temp begins to rise, may slow or sudden
Describe the course of a fever: the temp rises and falls in on of the three fever patterns
What are the three fever patterns? continuous, intermittent, remittent
Describe the subsiding stage of a fever: temperature returns to normal gradually or suddenly
What are the four sites for measuring body temperature? maouth, axilla, rectum, ear
The site chosen for measuring a patient's temperature depends on what? age, condition, state of consciousness, type of thermometer, and office policy
__________is the most convenient and most common means for measuring body temp. oral temperature
The temperature obtained through the _______ method measures approximately 1 degree F lower than that taken orally axillary
This is a very accurate measurement of body temperature and measures approximately 1 degree F higher than that taken orally rectal
__________provides instantaneous results aural temp
Name the three types of thermometers: electronic, tympanic membrane, and chemical
Created by: kduvall20
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