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Body planes

TermDefinition
Superior(cephalad) Above This term refers to placement of a structure along the long axis of the body.
Inferior(caudal) Below This term refers to placement of a structure along the long axis of the body.
Anterior Front
Medial Toward the midline
Cephalad (cranial) toward the head
caudal toward the tail
dorsal backside
ventral bellyside
proximal nearer the trunk or point of reference
distal farther from the trunk or point of reference
lateral away from the midline or medial plane
posterior back:posterior are those toward the backside
superficial (external) toward or at the body surface
deep (internal) away from the surface
sagittal plane divides the body into left and right parts
median/mid sagittal plane a plane that divides the body into equal parts, right down the middle
parasagittal plane all other sagittal planes that do not evenly divide the body
frontal/coronal plane divides the body into anterior and posterior parts
transverse plane runs horizontally, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts; crates cross section.
spinal near the spine and spinal cord
abdominal around the abdomen
pelvic around the pelvis
thoracic around the chest
Created by: corgis8006