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Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
Abruption Placentae premature detachment of the placenta from it's place in the uterine wall.
Abscess An abscess (Latin: abscessus) is a collection of pus that has built up within the tissue of the body. Signs and symptoms of abscesses include redness, pain, warmth, and swelling. The swelling may feel fluid filled when pressed.
Albuminuria Protein in the urine.
Anorexia Loss of appetite
Anuria Suppression of urine formation by the kidney.
Ascites Accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Azotemia Excess of nitrogenous waste products in the blood; uremia
Celiac Pertaining to the abdomen.
Cheil/o Lip
Cholecystectomy Removal (excision, resection) of the gallbladder.
Colposcope An instrument used to to do a colposcopy to examine the cervix, vagina, and vulva for signs of disease. (Like an abnormal pap)
Common bile duct Tube carrying bile from the gallbladder and liver into the first part of the small intestine.
Corpus luteum Yellow glandular mass (corpus) formed by an ovarian follicle that has matured and discharged its ovum. It secretes progesterone to maintain pregnancy.
Dental Caries Tooth decay
Dilation Widening and enlargement of a hollow organ.
Dysphagia Difficulty in swallowing
Dystocia Difficult Chilbirth
Endometriosis Endometrial tissue located outside of the uterus.
Gingivectomy Removal of gum disease
Glomerular 1.In the kidney, a tiny ball-shaped structure composed of capillary blood vessels actively involved in the filtration of the blood to form urine.
Gynecomastia Female-like breast enlargement in the male.
Hemolysis The destruction of red blood cells which leads to the release of hemoglobin from within the red blood cells into the blood plasma. Etymology: The word "hemolysis" is made up of "hemo-", blood + "lysis", the disintegration of cells.
Ileus Loss of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines.
Jaundice Yellow-orange coloration of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood.
Jejunojejunostomy The surgical creation of an opening or passage between two portions of jejunum.
Labi/o Lip
Laparoscopy Process of visually examining the contents of the abdomen (using an endoscope).
Leukoplakia condition commonly considered precancerous in which thickened white patches of epithelium occur on the mucous membranes especially of the mouth, vulva, and renal pelvis; also : a lesion or lesioned area of leukoplakia.
Leukorrhea White to yellow discharge from the vagina.
Medulla Inner region of an organ
Menarche The beginning of the first menstrual period (menses)
Menstruation Monthly shedding of the lining of the uterus. (Menses)
Mesentery a fold of the peritoneum that attaches the stomach, small intestine, pancreas, spleen, and other organs to the posterior wall of the abdomen.
Neonatology Study of newborns
Nephrosclerosis A progressive disease of the kidneys that results from sclerosis (hardening) of the small blood vessels in the kidneys. Nephrosclerosis is most commonly associated with hypertension or diabetes and can lead to kidney failure.
Oophoritis Inflammation of an ovary.
Parotid gland a pair of large salivary glands situated just in front of each ear.
Pelvic inflammatory disease Inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; including salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, and endocervicitis.
Peristalsis rhythmic contractions of the tubes of the gastrointestinal tract and other structures.
Progesterone hormone secreted by the ovaries; maintains the lining of the uterus during pregnancy.
Pulp Soft tissue with a tooth containing nerves and blood vessels.
Pyloric Stenosis Narrowing of the pyloric sphincter.
Renal Abcess may lead to: Pyuria
Sialadenolithiasis Stone in salivary gland
Sphincter an annular muscle surrounding and able to contract or close a bodily opening—see anal sphincter, cardiac sphincter, precapillary sphincter, pyloric sphincter.
Stomat/o Mouth
Trigone Triangular area in the urinary bladder where the ureters enter and the urethra exits.
Urinalysis Series of test to evaluate the composition of urine. It includes tests to determine color, appearance, sugar, bacteria, and protein in blood.
Vesicorectal Backflow of urine from the urinary bladder to the ureters.
Volvulus Abnormal twisting of a portion of the gastrointestinal tract, usually the intestine, which can impair blood flow. Volvulus can lead to gangrene and death of the involved segment of the gastrointestinal tract, intestinal obstruction, perforation of the i
Created by: Brianna1997