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American History #4

Grades 9 to 12

What war (1898) was a conflict between the United States and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas Spanish American War
Which battleship was sunk by Spain in Havana's harbor on February 15, 1898? USS Maine
Who led the Rough Riders, a group of American volunteers and soldiers in the Spanish-American War? Theodore Roosevelt
The war originated in the ________ struggle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895. Cuban
Spain's brutally repressive measures where exaggerated by the American _________. press
What battle is best known in the Spanish American War? The Battle of San Juan Hill
Exaggeration of news stories yellow journalism
Which two states were admitted to the Union in 1959? Alaska and Hawaii
Belgium, Great Britain, France, Italy, Japan, Russia, and the United States Allies of WWI
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) Central Powers of WWI
WWI was triggered by the assassination of __________________, Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, Serbia
German submarines U-boats
The United States entered WWI in 1917 because the Germans sank the ____________ in 1915. Lusitana
What did the other countries of the world do to punish the German people for WWI? forced them to pay a huge war reparation that devalued its currency
WWI was a different war because most of the war was fought in ___________. trenches
The land between the Allied and Central Power's trenches was called __ ______ ______. no man's land
Who was president during WWI? Woodrow Wilson
Proposed by Woodrow Wilson to keep peace among the nations of the world League of Nations
Not getting involved with or in the quarrels of other nations isolationalism
Who was the prime minister of Great Britain during WWI? David Lloyd George
Who was the king of Germany during WWI? Kaiser Wilhelm II
Last czar of Russia Nicholas II
What happened to the last czar of Russia and his family? murdered by Bolsheviks, a revolutionary party
When did women obtain the right to vote? 1920
The right to vote suffrage
Where was the First Women's Rights Convention? Seneca Falls, New York
Which amendment guaranteed women the right to vote? 19th
First woman to be elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin of Montana
Suffragettes Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Carrie Chapman Catt, Lucretia Mott, Lucy Stone
Nickname for the 1920s Roaring Twenties
What habits developed in the 1920s that led to the Great Depression? buying on credit and putting life savings in the stock market
When did the Stock Market crash? 1929
Facts of the Great Depression Billions lost in the stock market on Black Tuesday, over 5,000 banks closed between 1929 and 1931, and more than 12 million people lost their jobs (1 of every 3 workers)
Block lengths of people waiting for food during the Great Depression Bread lines and soup lines
What was Franklin Roosevelt's plan to ease the problems of the Great Depression? the New Deal
What medium did Franklin Roosevelt use to convey his fireside chats to the American public? radio
Part of the New Deal that provided government funds for constructing buildings and to hire writers and artists WPA (Works Progress Administration)
Part of the New Deal that gave 25 million young men work in environmental improvement projects CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps)
Part of the New Deal that provided government funds for widows and orphans, the elderly, and those injured in industrial accidents Social Security
How many times was Franklin Roosevelt elected as president? 4
Allies in WWII Great Britain, China, France, Soviet Union, United States
Axis Powers in WWII Germany, Italy, and Japan
Nazi leader of Germany in WWII Adolph Hitler
Leader of Italy in WWII Benito Mussolini
Leader of Japan in WWII Emperor Hirohito
Prime Minister of Great Britain in WWII Winston Churchill
Ruler of the Soviet Union in WWII Josef Stalin
Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in WWII Dwight D. Eisenhower of Kansas
President that gave the order to drop the atomic bombs on Japan Harry S. Truman of Missouri
On which Japanese cities did the USA drop atomic bombs? Hiroshima and Nagasaki
What act by the Japanese forced the USA into WWII? Bombing of Pearl Harbor and
Where were Jews and other "undesirables" taken by the Nazis? concentration camps
How many Jews did Hitler exterminate? 6 million (40% of the world's Jewish population)
Besides the Jews, what other people did Hitler exterminate? Gypsies, the disabled, homosexuals, and political opponents
Who developed the Theory of Relativity? Albert Einstein
What was the name of the top-secret atomic bomb plan initiated by Albert Einstein? Manhattan Project
Who led the Manhattan Project? Robert Oppenheimer
Who led the U. S. forces in the in the Pacific during WWII and was fired by President Harry S Truman for not following orders? Douglas MacArthur
Who was the lieutenant in WWII of PT109, a patrol torpedo boat, that was sunk by a Japanese destroyer? John F. Kennedy
How many crewmen did John F. Kennedy save when PT109 was sunk? all but 2
What organization was founded in 1945 to maintain world peace and security? United Nations
What was the "war" that developed after WWII between the democratic nations of the world and the nations allied with the Soviet Union? The Cold War
What was the dividing line between North and South Korea in the Korean War (1950-1953)? 38th parallel
Who was the 1950's senator that accused many government workers and prominent Americans of being Communists? Joseph McCarthy
Which Supreme Court decision desegregated public schools in America? Brown vs. Board of Education
Who developed the polio vaccine in 1954? Dr. Jonas Salk
What was the organization developed in 1955 that consisted of communist dictatorships? Warsaw Pact
Who led the nonviolent civil rights movement in the United States (1956 to 1968)? Martin Luther King, Jr.
What was the Soviet Union's satellite launched into outer space in 1957? Sputnik
When did President John F. Kennedy say, "Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country?" inauguration
What was built by the Communists to keep the East German citizens from feeling to West Germany in 1961? Berlin Wall
What military attempt failed to free Cuba of Fidel Castro in 1961? Bay of Pigs
What happened in 1962 when the United States discovered that the Soviet Union had placed nuclear missiles in Cuba? Cuban Missile Crisis
Where was President Kennedy assassinated in 1963? Dallas, TX
Which brother of President Kennedy was assassinated in 1968 by Sirhan Sirhan? Robert F. Kennedy
What was Robert Kennedy's position in his brother's cabinet? attorney general
Who assassinated Martin Luther King, Jr. in 1968? Earl Ray, Jr.
Who allegedly assassinated John F. Kennedy? Lee Harvey Oswald
Who were the first astronauts that walked on the moon in 1969? Neil Armstrong and then Edwin Aldrin
What did Neil Armstrong say when he stepped onto the lunar surface? One small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind
What initiated the eventual resignation of Richard M. Nixon from the presidency? Watergate Scandal (Republicans broke into Democratic Headquarters)
What was the relaxation of strained relations or tensions between Communist and non-communist countries called? detente
If American troops first entered Vietnam in 1850, when did the Vietnam War end? 1973
Supreme Court decision that legalized abortion in 1973 Roe vs. Wade
President Jimmy Carter got two old enemies to sign a peace treaty in 1978. Who were they? Anwar Sadat (Egyptian president) and Menachem Begin (Israeli Prime Minister)
This caused long lines at gas stations in the United States in 1973 Oil Embargo by Arab nations because of USA's support of Israel
Who was the first female Supreme Court Justice? Sandra Day O'Connor
The Berlin Wall fell and signaled the end of the Cold War. Which president said, "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!" Ronald Reagan
What was the United State's invasion of Kuwait and Iraq in 1991? Desert Storm
In 1995, Timothy McVey bombed the Federal Building in ______ where over 200 people were killed. Oklahoma City
Which two families had father and son presidents? Adams and Bush
What buildings in NYC were targeted by terrorists on September 11, 2001? Twin Towers of the World Trade Center
What federal building was targeted by terrorists on September 11, 2001? Pentagon
The terrorists targeted another plane on September 11, 2001. Where did that plane crash? Pennsylvania
How many people were killed in the September 11, 2001 attacks? 3,000
Which space shuttle exploded on reentry into the atmosphere in 2003? Columbia (all 7 astronauts were killed)
Which hurricane devastated Louisiana and Mississippi in 2005? Katrina
When were Apple computers introduced in schools? 1975
How many presidents have been elected in the United States? 45
Who was the first woman to run as vice-president of the Untied States? Geraldine Ferraro in 1984
Created by: marybahner
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