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Integumentary system

Chapter 5 a & p 2

QuestionAnswer
Functions of skin Protects / regulates body temperature / sensory receptor elimination of body waste
Papules Solid elevated spot or area on the skin
Sensory receptor. Touch pressure pain temperature
Elimination of body waste Through perspiration
Skin Also called integumentary or cutaneous membrane
Epidermis Outer layer of skin
Dermis Inner layer of skin
Subcutaneous layer Consist largely of loose connective tissue and adipose tissue
Adipose Fatty tissue
Dermatologist Specailitsis in skin
Dermatology Study of skin
Sebaceous gland Sweats to eliminate waste and control tempursture
Papilla of the hair Produces sebum or oil for lubrication
Stratum base Produce new cells pushing older cells toward the outermost surface
Keratin Outermost layer dies Becomes filled with. Hard water repellant of protein called Keratine
Albunisum Absence of melonien White
1st layer of skin Dead cell slough off the outer surface Outtermost layer
2nd layer of skin Sweat gland
3 rd layer of skin Fatty tissue yellow color Insulation Protection Opening to let heat out
Adipose Fatty tissue
Salt Skin provides elimination for body waste aka sweat out salt
Accessory structures of integumentary system Hair nails glands Glands
Subation glands Are for sweating
Sudoriferous gland Sweat and oil gland
Living layer Arterys Veins Nerves
Durmis-corian Vein / hair folices / nerves Sweat gland
Albino Absense of all color pigments
Alopecia Baldness
Constrict To contract or narrow To make smaller
Crust A scab outer covering or coat
Cyanosis Blueish color of skin
Dilate Enlarge or expand To make bigger
Erythema Redness of skin
Jaundice Yellow discoloration of skin and eyes
Macules Discolored but neither raised nor depressed Spot of area of the skin
Melanin Brownish black pigment found in skin hair eyes
Pustules Small elevated pus or lymph filled area of the skin
Ulcer An open lesion on the skin Or mucus membrane
Vesicles Blister or fluid filled sac's
Wheals Itchy elevated areas with an irregular shape. Hives
Subcutaneous fascia (Hypodermis) Layer of tissue under the skin and connects the skin to muscles and underlying tissues
Sudoriferous glands Sweat secreting gland of the skin
Integumentary system Pertaining to the skin or a covering
Pruritus Itching
Vitiligo Disorder Nonpigmented White patches
Onycholysis Separation of fingernail from its bed
hard fibrous protein found in epidermis Keratin
Hirsutism Excessive body hair
Exfoliation Peeling or slough off of tissue cells
Ecchymosis Blueish / black discoloration in area of skin Injury in mucus membrane caused by the escape of blood
Cellulitis An acute infection of the skin in subcutaneous tissue
PPD Purified protein derivative
Bx Biopsy
hemangioma Benign tumor consisting of a mass of blood vessels
PSS Progressive systemic scleroderma
SLE Systematic lupus erythermatosus
ID Intradermal
FS Frozen section
FANA Fluorescent antinuclear antibody
TENS Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation
Decub. Decubitus ulcer Bed sore
Macrophage Large cells that ingests (eats) microorganism Other cells and foreign particles in the blood vessels
Onychocryptosis Ingrown toe nail
Exzemeyia Chronic skin condition Roughness / dryness
Psorlasis Silvery white scales (Pruritus)
impetigo Contagious skin infection Bacteria on face
Cryosurgery tx destroy tissue non invasive
Impetigo Contagious superficial skin infection Serous vesicles and pustules Filled with millions of staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria Usually on face
Eczema Chronic inflammatory disease Pustules
Gangrene Tissue death Loss of blood supply
Pediculosis Parasitic infection Lice
Leukoplakia White hard thickened patches
Melanoma Maligment skin tumor
Herpes zoster Shingles
Onychomycosis Fugal infection of nails
Cyst Closed sac or pouch in or within skin Contains fluid Semi fluid Solid material
Fissure Crake like sore or groove in skin Or mucous membrane
Fistula Abnormal passageway between two tubular organ Ex. Rectum /. Vagina
Furuncle Localized pus - producing infection Originating deep in hair folical
Laceration Tear, torn, jagged Wound in skin
Abcess Localized collection of pus in any body part That results from any pus forming bacteria
Bulla Large blister
Carbuncle Circumscribed inflammation of deeper skin and tissue That contains pus and eventually discharges to skin surface
Layers of the skin Epidermis , dermis , dermal papillae subcutaneous tissue
What makes the skin water proof Keratin
Dermis consists of Capillaries , lymphatic channels , nerve endings Sweat glands , sebaceous glands
Subcutaneous layer is beneath Dermis , connective tissue, adipose tissue
Accessory structure of skin consist of Hair and nails
A strand of hair consists of Hair root Hair follicle Hair shaft
Lanugo Soft and fine hair of developing fetus
Hair follical Where hair develops
Diaphoresis The secretion of sweat
Pachyderm Abnormal thicking of skin
Verruca Seborrheic warts Seen in the elderly face neck chest or upper back Benign
Scabies Highly contagious skin disease Caused by humans
Tinea Ringworm
Tinea cruris Ringworm of the groin Athletes foot
Dermabrasion Removal of epidermis and a portion of the dermis with sandpaper or brush to eliminate superficial scars Ex. ( tattoos )
Dermatoplasty Skin transplantation to a body surface
Systemic lupus Butterfly rash
3 layers. Of skin 1 epidermis 2 dermis 3 subcutaneous layer
Nodule Small circumscribed swelling protruding above the skin
Polyp Small stalk like growth Protruding upward / outward Ex. Skin tags. / nasal polyp
Acne vulgaris Common inflammatory disorder seen on face / chest / back / neck
Burns Tissue injury due to Flame / heat / chemicals / radiation / gases
Burns First degree (Superficial ) burns Ex. Sunburn
Burns Second degree (Partial thickness) burns Ex. Contact with hot objects. Boiling water
Burns Third degree (Full thickness) burns Ex. Deep burns from fire
Carcinoma / basal cell Maglignant epithelial cell tumor Most common maglignant skin tumor Depression enlarges / tissue breaks down , crusts and bleeds ( skin exposed to sun)
Dermatitis Inflammation of skin Acute or chronic Contact or seborrheic
Rosacea Chronic inflammation Redness over areas of the face nose and cheeks
Tinea capitis Scalp
Tinea corporis Body
Tinea. Cruris Groin. ( jock itch )
Tinea. Pedis Foot ( athletes foot )
Verruca Wart caused by HPV
Verruca vulgaris Warts on face , elbows , fingers , hands
Plantars. Wart Singly or in clusters on sole of foot
Verruca Venereal warts Sexual contact Penis / rectum ( condyloma. Acuminata )
Cryosurgery Subfreezing. ( liquid nitrogen ) For warts
Curettage / electrodesiccation ( abnormal cells ) scraping away Followed by destroying the tumor base with a low - voltage electrode
Debridement Removal of debris , foreign objects and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound to prevent infection and promote healing
Systemic lupus erythermatosus Chronic multi system inflammatory disease Lesions of the nervous system. Skin. Renal problems and vasculitis ( butterfly rash ) Condition SLE
Plantar warts Singly or in clusters on sole of foot
Electrodesiccion Also known as fulguration
Woods lamp Ultraviolet light used to examine scalp / skin for purpose of observing fungal spores
Created by: Tbella