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Medical Terminology

Ch. 2: Body Structure

Adduction Movement toward the midline of the body
Abduction Movement away from the midline of the body
Superior (cephalic, cranial) Above or higher; toward the head
Inferior (caudal) Below or lower; toward the tail
Anterior (ventral) Front of the body; toward the front
Posterior (dorsal) Back of the body; toward the back
Medial Pertaining to the middle; toward the midline
Lateral Pertaining to the side; toward the side
External Outside, exterior to
Internal Within, interior to
Superficial Toward or on the surface
Deep Away from the surface
Proximal Near the point of attachment to the trunk or a structure
Distal Farther from the point of attachment to the trunk or a structure
Parietal Pertaining to the outer wall of a cavity
Visceral Pertaining to the organs within a cavity
Median plane (midsagittal plane) vertical plane that passes through midline of the body, divides body into equal right and left sides
Frontal plane (coronal plane) plane that divides anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions
Horizontal plane (transverse plane) plane that separates body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions
RUQ (Abdominopelvic quadrant) Right upper quadrant (right lobe of liver, gallbladder, part of pancreas, part of small and large intestine)
RLQ (Abdominopelvic quadrant) Right lower quadrant (part of small and large intestine, appendix, right ovary, right fallopian tube, right ureter)
LUQ (Abdominopelvic quadrant) Left upper quadrant (left lobe of liver, stomach, spleen, part of pancreas, part of small and large intestine)
LLQ (Abdominopelvic quadrant) Left lower quadrant (part of small and large intestine, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter)
Right hypochondriac (abdominopelvic region) upper right region located under cartilage of the ribs
Left hypochondriac (abdominopelvic region) upper left region located under the cartilage of the ribs
Created by: sgebhart
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