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Med Term CH1

Med Term CH1 Introduction

TermDefinition
-algia pain, suffering
dys- bad, difficult, or painful
-ectomy surgical removal, cutting out
hyper- excessive, increased
hypo- deficient, decreased
-itis inflammation
-osis abnormal condition, disease
-ostomy cutting, surgical incision
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhage bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
-rrhaphy surgical suturing
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
word root basic meaning of word, usually body part
combining form word root w/ combining vowel
suffix end of word, usually procedure, condition, disorder, or disease
prefix beginning of word, usually indicates location, time, number, or status
gastroenteritis Inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
Neuroplasty surgical repair of a nerve
Neurorrhaphy suturing together the ends of a severed nerve
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
leuk/o white
melan/o black
poli/o gray
cyanosis blue discoloration of skin
erythrocyte mature red blood cell
leukocyte white blood cell
melanosis any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in body tissues or organs
poliomyelitis viral infection of the gray nerve tissue of the spinal cord
tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
tonsillectomy surgical removal of the tonsils
cranium portion of skull that encloses brain
cardiac pertaining to the heart
gastrosis any disease of the stomach
pathology study of all aspects of diseases
gastralgia stomachache, pain in the stomach
gastrodynia pain in the stomach
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
hepatomegaly abnormal enlargement of the liver
gastr stomach
dynia pain
enter small intestines
neur/o nerve
-plasty surgical repair
tonsill tonsils
-ectomy surgical removal
crani skull
cardi heart
-ac pertaining to
-osis abnormal condition or disease
path disease
-ology study of
-algia pain and suffering
-megaly enlargement
hepat/o liver
-malacia abnormal softening
arteriomalacia abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries
arteri/o artery
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
-necrosis tissue death
arterionecrosis tissue death of an artery or arteries
-stenosis abnormal narrowing
arteriostenosis abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries
-centesis surgical procedure to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes or to remove excess fluid
abdominocentesis surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
-graphy process of producing a picture or record
angiography process of producing radiographic study of blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make the vessels visible
angi/o blood vessel
-plasty surgical repair
myoplasty surgical repair of a muscle
-scopy visual examination
arthroscopy visual examination of the internal structure of a joint
-rrhage sudden and severe bleeding
-rrhagia sudden and sever bleeding
hemmorrhage loss of a large amount of blood in a short time
hem/o blood
-rrhaphy surgical suturing to close a wound and includes the use of sutures, staples, or surgical glue
myorrhaphy surgical suturing of a muscle wound
my/o muscle
-rrhea flow or discharge & refers to flow of most body fluids
diarrhea frequent flow of loose or watery stools
dia- through
myorrhexis rupture of a muscle
-rrhexis rupture
natal pertaining to a birth
nat birth
-al pertaining to
prenatal the time and events before birth
pre- before
perinatal the time and events surrounding birth
peri- surrounding
ab- away from, negative, absent
ad- toward, to, in the direction of
dextr/o right side
sinistr/o left side
ex- out of, outside, away from
in- in, into, not, without
macro- large, abnormal size, or long
micr/o, micro- small
mega-, megal/o large, great
olig/o scanty, few
post- after, behind
postnatal time and events after birth
abnormal not normal or away from normal
eu- good, normal, well, or easy
addiction being drawn toward or having a strong dependence on a drug or substance
dysfunctional an organ or body part that is not working properly
eupnea easy or normal breathing
hypertension higher-than-normal blood pressure
hypotension lower-than-normal blood pressure
interstitial between, but not within, the parts of a tissue
intramuscular within the muscle
intra- within or inside
sub- under, less, below
subcostal below a rib or ribs
super-, supra- above or excessive
supracostal above or outside the ribs
otorhinolaryngology study of the ears, nose, throat. ENT
rhin/o nose
laryng, laryng/o throat
-ology study of
lithotomy surgical incision for the removal of a stone
lith stone
-otomy surgical incision
edema swelling caused by abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
appendic appendix
arteri/o artery
endarerial pertaining to the interior lining of an artery
ather/o plaque or fatty substance
atheroma fatty deposit w/in the wall of an artery
-oma tumor
arthr/o joint
arthralgia pain in a joint or joints
-ectomy surgical removal
appendectomy surgical removal of the appendix
append appendix
-ostomy surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
colostomy surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening btw the colon and body surface
col colon
-otomy cutting or a surgical incision
colotomy surgical incision into the colon
sign objective evidence of a disease, such as fever
objective (objective sign) can be evaluated or measured by patient or others
symptom subjective evidence of a disease, such as pain or headache
subjective (subjective sign) can be evaluated or measured only by patient
syndrome set of signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
diagnosis identification of a disease
diagnose process of reaching a diagnosis
differential diagnosis (D/DX) aka rule out (R/O) - attempt to determine which one of several possible diseases is causing the signs and symptoms that are present
prognosis prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease
acute condition rapid onset, sever course, and a relatively short duration
chronic condition long duration - can be controlled, but rarely cured
remission temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease w/out having achieved a cure
disease condition which one or more body parts are not functioning normally
eponym disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered/ described it
acronym word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term
Laser acronym light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation
fissure groove or crack-like sore of the skin or normal folds in the contours of the brain
fistula abnormal passage, usually btw 2 interal organs or leading from an organ to surface of body. May be due to surgery, injury, or draining of abscess.
ileum last and longest portion of small intestine
ilium part of hip bone
malaise feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness that's often 1st sign of infection or disease
exudate fluid, such as pus, that leaks out of an infected wound
inflammation localized response to injury or to destruction of tissues caused by extra blood flowing into area as part of healing process
Key indicators of inflammation 1) hyperthermia (heat), 2) erythema (redness), 3) edema (swelling), 4) pain
laceration torn or jagged wound or accidental cut
lesion pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury
mucous specialized membranes that line body cavities
mucus fluid secreted by mucous membranes
myc/o fungus
mycosis abnormal condition or disease caused by fungus
myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
myelopathy any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord
-pathy disease
my/o muscle
myopathy pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue
-ologist specialist
dermatologist physician that specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin
dermat skin
-ology study of
neonatology study of disorders of the newborn
palpation examination technique
palpitation pounding or racing heart
pyel/o renal pelvis, which is part of kidney
pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
py/o pus
pyoderma any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo
pyr/o fire or fever
pryosis heartburn
supination act of rotating arm so palm of hand is forward or upward
suppuration formation or discharge of pus
triage medical screening of patients to determine relative priority of care
trauma wound or injury from accident, shooting, natural disaster, fire
viral peratining to a virus
vir virus
virile having the nature, properties, or qualities of an adult male
MS can mean either morphine sulfate or magnesium sulfate
QD and QOD daily and every other day
U unit
Created by: kld0519