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Cardiovascular System Is the system that pumps blood through the body via the heart & blood vessels
Heart Is a large muscle that acts like a pump, moving blood through the & veins.
Pericardium (pericardial sac) A double - walled sac composed of membranous tissue that surrounds the heart
Parietal pericardium ( fibrous pericardium) Is the outermost layer
Visceral pericardium (serous pericardium) Is the inner layer of this double- walled sac
Pericardial fluid Which prevents the two layers from rubbing against each other
Epicardium Outermost layer of the heart
Myocardium Is the middle & the thickest layer, & is the cardiac muscle
Endocardium Is the innermost, sometimes called the lining of the heart
Atria The upper chambers receive blood from the veins
Ventricles The lower chambers send blood to the arteries
Sinoatrial node (SA node) Is found where the superior vena cava & the right atrium meet
Atrioventricular node (AV node) Directs the impulses to the ventricles, causing them to contract
Bundle of His The conduction fibers that cause contraction
Pericardiocentesis Is a procedure in which the physician removes fluid from the pericardial space
Tube pericardiostomy Fluid is drained from the pericardial space
Cardiac pacemaker Is used to correct & manage heart dysrhythmias
Pulse generator That contains a lithium battery as its source of power
Electrode Is inserted into the heart through the subclavian vein & advanced to the right ventricular apex
Single- chamber system Has one electrode in either the right atrium or the right ventricle
Dual- chamber system Has two electrodes one in the right atrium & one in the right ventricle
Pacing cardioverter- defibrillator It emits defibrillating shocks that stimulate the heart
Aortic valve Sits between the aorta & the left ventricle, is one of the main valves of the heart
Mitral valve Is the valve between the left atrium & left ventricle
Trucuspid valve Is the valve that lies between the right atrium & right ventricle
Pulmonary valve The valve is one of the main valves of the heart & sits between the pulmonary artery & the right ventricle
Endarterectomy Is a procedure used to remove the plaque deposits from blood vessels
Angioplasty Is a procedure in which a balloon is inflated in the vessel to push & flatten plaque against the vessel wall
Coronary artery bypass (CABG) Are types of grafts performed on the heart that are completed using a vein, an artery, or a combination of a veinv&
Anomaly Is an abnormality or a deviation from the norm in a structure
Ventricular assist device (pVAD) Is inserted to assist a weakened heart in ejecting blood to the body via a mechanical pump
Vessels Are structures that move fluid through the body
Arteries Move oxygen-rich from the heart to the rest of the body
Veins Move the deoxygenated blood to the heart
Aneurysm Is an area in an artery that becomes weakened
Thromboendarterectomy A surgical incision that is made into an artery to remove a thrombus or plaque & the arterial lining
Angioscopy Is a procedure in which a fiber-optic scope is used to visualize the interior of a noncoronary vessel
Nonselective placement Means the catheter is functioning in the vessel punctured & doesn't go into any other vessel
Selective placement Means that the catheter moves into one of the great vessels off the aorta, not including the vessel punctured for access
Venous access device Is a device or catheter that allows access to the venous system
Central venous access device (CVA device) Is a catheter classified as such if the tips ends in the subclavian, brachiocephalic, superior or inferior vena cava, or right atruim
Insertion When a catheter is placed in a newly established venous access
Repair Involve fixing, not replacing, either the catheter or port/pump
Partial replacement Involves replacement of only a catheter component, not the whole device
Complete replacement Replacement of the whole device by the same access site
Removal Involves the removal of the entire device
Ligation The act of tying off blood vessels & dividing & stripping vessels
AED Automated external defibrillator
A-fib Atrial fibrillation
AICD Automated implantable cardioverter- defibrillator
AS Aortic stenosis
ASD Atrial septal defect
ASHD Arteriosclerotic heart disease
BBB Bundle-branch block
CABG Coronary artery bypass graft
CAD Coronary artery disease
CC Cardiac catheterization
CCU Coronary care unit
CHD Coronary heart disease
CHF Congestive heart failure
DVT Deep vein thrombosis
EKG Electocardiogram
HTN Hypertension
MI Myocardial in farction
MVP Mitral valve prolapse
PAD Peripheral artery disease
pVAD Percutaneous ventricular assist device
PVD Peripheral vascular disease
Arteries Carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the body
Veins Carry deoxygenated blood from the body back to the heart
Heart A muscular organ, located between the lungs to the left of the midline of the body, that pumps blood throughout the body
Hypertension Is an increase in blood pressure
Systolic blood pressure The pressure on the arterial walls during the heart muscle contraction
Diastolic blood pressure The pressure on the arterial walls during relaxation of the heart muscle
Transient hypertension Elevated blood pressure
Secondary hypertension High arterial blood pressure due to another disease
Ischemic heart disease When there is an inadequate supply of blood to the heart
Occlusion Constriction of an arterial blood vessel
Angina pectoris Severe chest pain caused by an insufficient amount blood reaching the heart
Unstable angina Is an accelerating pattern of chest pain that occurs at rest or during mild exertion
Acute myocardial infarction (MI) Commonly called a heart attack, occurs when there is inadequate blood supply to a section or sections of the heart
Old myocardial infarction (healed myocardial infarction) When the patient is not presenting with any symptoms
Acute pericarditis Inflammation of the outer layers of the heart
Endocarditis Inflammation of the inner layer of the heart
Myocarditis Inflammation of the heart muscle
Cardiomyopathy Diseases of the heart muscle
Heart failure A decreased ability of the heart to pump a sufficient amount of blood to the body's tissue
Cerebrovascular disease Abnormal nontraumatic conditions that affect the cerebral arteries
Cerebral hemorrhage Bleeding within the brain or layers of brain lining
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA The disruption in the normal blood supply to the brain, called a stroke
Occlusion of cerebra l & precerebral arteries The blocking of an artery
Stenosis of the cerebral arteries The narrowing of the cerebral arteries that supply blood to the brain
Phlebitis Inflammation of a vein
Thrombophlebitis Inflammation of a vein with the formation of a thrombus
Portal vein thrombosis The formation of a blood clot in the main vein of the liver
Varicose veins Dilated superficial veins of the legs
Lymphadenitis Inflammation of the lymph nodes
Hypotension Low blood pressure
Created by: diasiar



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