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Mt. Sac Med Term # 5

TermDefinition
Tracheostomy an incision in the windpipe made to relieve an obstruction to breathing
MRI magnetic and radio waves create an image of an organ the planes of the body. The brain and spinal cord can be imaged to detect lesions
Kyphosis abnormal condition of outward curvature of the thoracic spine
pneumothorax collection of air or gas in the plural cavity between the pleura and surrounding of the lungs
sternum a thickened ventral plate on each segment of the body of an arthropod
rheumatologist the study of rheumatism, arthritis and other disorder of the joints, muscles and ligaments
Inguinal lower most region of the abdominal pelvic area on either side of the hypogastric region; groin
compound fracture a bone is broken and a fragment of bone protrudes through an open wound in the skin
bursa a fluid-filled sac or saclike cavity, especially one countering friction at a joint
CABG option for selected groups of patients with significant narrowing and blockages of the heart arteries
defibrillator an apparatus used to control heart fibrillation by application of an electric current to the chest wall or heart
multiple myeloma malignant tumor of one marrow; overproduction of immunoglobulins and destruction of bone tissue
thrombolytic a treatment to dissolve dangerous clots in blood vessels, improve blood flow, and prevent damage to tissues and organs
cervical lymph nodes the term refers to enlargement of the lymph nodes
bronchodilator A drug that cause widening of the bronchi. any of those taken by inhalation for the alleviation of asthma
Pulmonary embolism a blockage of an artery in the lungs by a substance that has traveled from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream
emphysema a condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness
pneumothorax collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity between the pleura and surrounding of the lungs
scapula technical term for shoulder blade
Alzheimer's Disease progressive mental deterioration that can occur in middle or old age, due to generalized degeneration of the brain
platelets/thrombocytes small colorless disk-shaped particle found in the blood of mammals, which plays an important role in the formation of blood clots
hydrocephalus an condition in which fluid accumulates in the brain, typically in
multiple sclerosis a chronic typically progressive disease involving damage to the sheaths of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord
TIA a neurological event with the signs and symptoms of a stroke, but which go away within a short period of time,
CVA the sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain
Created by: PRO Teacher rbarba