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Chapter 14

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
Amenorrhea An abnormal absence of menstrual periods for 3 or more months
Andropause Decrease of the male hormone testosterone
Apgar Score A scale of 1-10 to evaluate a newborn infants physical status at 1 and 5 minutes afterbirth
Azoospermia The absence of sperm in the semen
Cervical Dysplasia Growth of abnormal cells in the cervix
Chlamydia Most common, high contagious and requires early treatment with antibiotics
Eclampsia A more serious from of pre-eclamps, characterized by convulsions and sometimes coma
Fibrocystic Breast Disease The presence of single or multiple benign cysts in the breast
Galactorrhea The production of breast milk in a women who is not breastfeeding
Gonorrhea A highly contagious condition caused by the bacterium neisseria gonorrhoeae
Hysterectomy Surgical removal of the uterus
Mastalgia Pain in the breast
Neonate The baby first 4 weeks after being born
Nulligravida A woman who has never been pregnant
Nullipara A woman who has never borne a viable child
Obstetrician A physician who specializes in providing medical care to women during pregnancy, childbirth, and immediate after
Oligomenorrhea Infrequent or very high menstruation in a women with previously normal periods
Oophorectomy Surgical procedure to remove one or both of your ovaries
Orchidectomy Surgical removal of one or both testicles
Orchiopexy Endoscopic surgery to move an undescended testicle into its normal position i the scrotum
Placenta Previa Abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower portion of the uterus
Preeclampsia Complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, edema, and proteinuria
Priapism Painful erection that lasts 4 hours or more and can be caused by medication, diseases, or trauma
Primigravida A women during her first pregnancy
Primipara A women who has borne on viable child
Pruritus Vulvae Severe itching of the external female genitalia
Salpingo-oophorectomy The surgical removal of a fallopian tube and ovary
Syphilis An STD caused by the bacterium treponema palladium; many symptoms
Varicocele Knot of widening varicose veins in one side of the scrotum
Circumcision Surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis
Salpingitis Inflammation of a fallopian tube
Premature Menopause Ovaries cease function before age 40 years due to disease, hormonal disorder, or surgical removal
Total The uterus and cervix are removed and can be done through the vagina or laparoscopically
Lochia Postpartum vaginal discharge that typically continues for 4 to 6 weeks after childbirth
Abruptio Placentae Disorder in which the placenta separates from the uterine wall before the birth of the fetus
Gynecologist Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and specializes in diagnosing and treating the female reproductive system
Cervic Cervix
Colp Vagina
Gravida Pregnant
Gynec Woman
Hyster Uterus
Mast Breast
Men Menstruation
Orchid Testicles
Ov Egg
Ovari Ovary
Para To give birth
Pexy Surgical fixation
Salping Fallopian tube
Test Testicles
Vagin Vagina
UA Urinalysis
UAO Upper airway obstruction
URI Upper respiratory infection
URQ Upper right quadrant
VAD Venous access device
VS Vital signs
VSS Vital signs stable
VT Ventricular tachycardia
Created by: KayleemWhite