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Medical Terminology

med terms

TermMeaning
card- heart
megal- enlarged
-itis inflammation
dermat- skin
plast- surgical repair
cerebr- brain
path- disease
-ectomy surgical removal
enter- intestines
-osis condition
-otomy incision
aden- gland
angi- vessel
-oma tumor
nephr- kidney
hepat- liver
arthr- joint
blephar eyelid
-ologist specialist
rhin- nose
gingiv- gums
-malacia soft
-ology the study of
spasm involuntary contractions
-algia pain
crani- skull
end- within
hemi- half
oid- like
hyper- increased amount
cyst- sac containing fluid, bladder
chole- bile
hypo- decreased amount
-scope- observation
hyster- uterus
-ostomy artificial opening
para- surrounding area
-lysis loosening, destruction, breaking down
cervic- neck, cervix
chondr- cartiledge
cyan- blue
hemat- blood
ost- bone
psycho- mind
lip- fat
my- mucle
lith- stone
ophthalm-, opt- eye
proct- anus
cholecyst- gall bladder
cost- ribs
-gram record
acro- extremities
-rhexis break, burst
carcin- cancer
-penia decreased
gen-, genesis original, production, causing, inducing
burso- sac in the joints
retro- backwards, behind
trip- rub, friction
strept- twist
-desis surgical binding
mani- madness
glosso- tongue
-trophy developement
supra- above
-ptosis falling, drooping, sagging
dyn- pain
mast- breast
-rrhaphy stitches
dent- teeth
cephal- head
auto- self
epi- upon, outer
hydro- water
lobo section of an organ
-emesis vomit
contra- against, counter
-iasis condition
trans- cross, through
brady- slow
-ectasis expansion
cyt- cell
odont- tooth
leuk- white
-esthesia sensation
cantho- angle at the end of the eyelid
steno- narrow, contracted
cheil- fat
-cele hernia
benign mild, not cancerous
semen semen
celio- abdomen
erythro- red
vaso- vessel
melan- black
cauda- tail
lingua- tongue
myring- eardrum
spondyl- spinal column
ovar- egg
-centesis puncture
oto- ear
bili- bile
squam- scale, scaly
mening- membrane
cec- blind passage, cecum
macul- spot
-pexy surgical suspension
onco- tumor
or- mouth
sub- under
spiro- coil
lacrim- tear
viscero- organ
lact- milk
onych- nail, claw
thorac- chest
pyle-, pyloro- pyloric sphincter, gate
vesic- bladder
sphenic- wedge shaped
myel- marrow, spinal cord
anti- against
myco- fungus
hallux- big toe
physio- nature, body
bucco- cheek
palpebr- eyelid
plasia- developement
rug- wrinkle, fold, crease
aur- ear
acousti- hearing, sound
colpo- hallow vagina
phon- voice, sound
leio- smooth
cor heart
ren- kidney
orchi- testicals
encephal- brain
thalam- inner chamber
plexus braid
cilia little hairs
dendr- tree-like branching
phleb- vein
pilo- hair
histo- tissue
stoma- mouth, mouth of an ostomy
tympan- eardrum
umbilic- naval
salpingo- fallopian tube
helio- sun
astr- starshaped
-asthenia weakness
fascia sheet/band, tendons/ligaments
iso- equal
tarso- ankle, instep, framework of the upper eyelid
-tope place, region, localized
pod- foot
malign- bad, cancerous
adnexa- ties of the uterus
ocul- eye
lapar- abdominal wall
dacry- tear
ment- mind
part- labor, bring forth
scler- hard
somato- body
trachel- neck
sinus hallow
hypno- sleep
sept- wall, fence
scirrh- hard
antr- cavity
-crine to secrete, secretions
dura- hard
pneum- lung, air
phage to eat
phren- mind or diaphram
corne- horny, cornea
plak- plate
iris- iris
kerat- horny, cornea
pulmon-, pulmo- lung
ptyal- saliva
alveol- tooth socket
oophor- ovary
oment- covering of abdominal organs
sedat- quiet, calm
furca- fork shaped
radic- root
radi- ray
fistful- abnormal pipe or passage
edema- swelling by fluid
dactyl- finger, toe
metabol- metabolism
pariet- inner wall of an organ or covering
ependym- wrapping of brain and spinal cord
gravid- pregnant
aer- air
glyco-, gluco- sugar, sweet
cheil-, chir- hand
calc- heel, stone
cine- movement
digit- digits
dors- back
gangli- swelling
gemin- twin
grad- marked /0 lines
gran- grainy
labi- lips
micr- small
pepsi-, pept- digest
pleur- pleura, rib side
mamm- breast
colla- glue
later- side
rachi- spinal column
phob- fear
phot- light
dys- bad
cut-, cutan- skin
en- in
peri- about, around
pro- in front of, before
mechano- machine
dynam- muscle, power
osmo- odor
traumat- wound
trich- hair
maxill- upper jawbone
an-, a- without, not
phak- lens
pre- before
strict- something pulled too tight
turbin- turbinate bone
ameb- change
semi- half
neo- new
hormone- hormones
therm- heat
syn-, sym- fused
vulse- twitch, pull
post after
metr- uterus
tegument covering, skin
pan- all
poly- many
ramus branch
neuro- nerve
thromb- lump, clots
ab- not, away from
-plegia paralysis
ante- before
thel- nipple
ex- out, away from
lien- spleen
tumor swelling
vestibule entrance
puer- child
sarc- flesh, muscle
proli- offspring
macro- large
lal- speech
intra- within
inter- between
infra- underneath
cryo- cold
mal- bad
glom- ball
tense- stretch
spas- pull, draw
somni- sleep
pharmac- drugs
lumbo- lower back
gastr- stomach
Created by: Ja663r