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CHAPTER 1 - 4

Prefix, Sufix, Combining Forms

TermDefinition
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
immun/o immune, immunity, safe
nephr/o kidney
oste/o bone
-itis inflammation
-megaly enlargement
-oma tumor
an- without, not
hyper- above normal, excessive
intra- in, within
para- near, beside, beyond
poly- many, much
pre- before
post- after
-ia condition
-ar pertaining to
-al pertaining to
esthes feeling
therm heat
muscul muscle
nas nose
ur urine
nat birth
enter/ intestine
hepat/o liver
-cyte cell
arthr/o joint
chondr/o cartliage
spleen/o spleen
hyster/o uterus
neur/o nerve
ot/o ear
dermat/o skin
hydr/o water
cholangi/o bile vessel
-emesis vomiting
-dynia pain
-logy study of
-centesis surgical puncture
-clasis to break, surgical fracture
-desis binding, fixation (of bone or joint)
-ectomy removal, excision
-lysis separation, destruction, lossening
-pexy fixation of an organ
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhaphy suture
my/o muscle
rhin/o nose
mast/o breast
thromb/o blood clot
append appendix
-stomy forming an opening (mouth)
-tome instrument to cut
-tomy incision
-tripsy crushing
-gram record, writting
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-meter instrument for measuing
-metry act of measuring
-scope instrument for examining
-scopy visual examination
-algia pain
-dynia pain
-cele hernia, swelling
-ectasis dilation, expansion
-edema swelling
-emia blood condition
-gen forming, producing, origin
-genesis forming, producing, origin
-iasis abnormal condition )produced by something specified)
-lith stone, calculus
-malacia softening
-osis abnormal condition, increase (used primarily w/blood cells)
-pathy disease
-penia decrease, deficiency
-phagia eating, swallowing
-phasia speech
-phobia fear
-plasia formation, growth
-plasm growth of tissue
-plegia paralysis
-ptosis prolapse, downward displacement
-rrhage bursting forth
-rrhagia bursting forth
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis abnormal condition of hardening
-spasm involuntary contraction, twitching
-stenosis narrowing, stricture
-toxic poison
-trophy nourishment, development
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ile pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
-esis condition
-ia condition
-ism condition
-iatry medicine, treatment
-ician specialist
-ist specialist
-y condition, process
-icle small, minute
-ole small, minute
-ule small, minute
cyt/o cell
hist/o tissue
kary/o nucleus
nucle/o nucleus
anter/o anterior, front
caud/o tail
cephal/o head
dist/o far, farthest
dors/o back of body
infer/o lower, below
later/o side, to one side
medi/o middle
poster.o back (of body), behind, posterior
proxim/o near, nearest
ventr/o belly, belly side
abdomin/o abdomen
cervic/o neck, cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
crani/o cranium (skull)
ili/o ilium (lateral) flaring portion of the hip bone
inguin/o groin
lumb/o loins (lower back)
pelv/i pelvis
pelv/o pelvis
spin/o spine
thorac/o chest
umbilic/o umbilicus navel
albin/o white
leuk/o white
chlor/o green
chrom/o color
cirrh/o yellow
jaund/o yellow
xanth/o yellow
cyan/o blue
melan/o black
poli/o gray; gray matter (of brain or spinal cord)
acr/o extremity
eti/o cause
idi/o unkown, peculiar
morph/o form, shape, structure
path/o disease
radi/o radiation, xray, radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)
somat/o body
son/o sound
tom/o to cut
viscer/o internal organs
xer/o dry
-gnosis knowing
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy study of
ab- from, away from
ad- toward
hetero- different
homeo- same, alike
infra- below under
peri- around
super- upper, above
trans- across, throught
ultra- excess, beyond
Created by: pheonix1