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Intro to A&P

Chapter 1

Leonardo da Vinci The first individual to correctly illustrate the human skeleton with all of it's bones.
William Harvey The English anatomist who discovered how blood circulates through the body.
Anatomist One who studies the human body's structures.
Superior Belly side.
Midsagittal A plane that divides the body into two equal left and right portions or halves by drawing an imaginary line vertically through the body from head to toe.
Mediastinum The name of the space found between the two pleural cavities that contains the heart, thymus gland, lymph and blood vessels, trachea, esophagus, and nerves.
Visceral Term that refers to the covering on an organ.
Cell The basic unit of biological organization.
Epithelial Tissue The tissue that covers surfaces, protects, forms glands, and lines cavities of the body.
Muscle Tissue Tissue characterized by elongated cells that generate movement by shortening or contracting in a forcible manner.
Integumentary System The system composed of skin, hair, nails, sebaceous glands, and sweat glands.
Immune System Lymphatic system.
Reproductive System The body system responsible for maintaining sexual characteristics and the perpetuation of our species.
Parietal The term that refers to the walls of a cavity.
Cephalad(Cranial) Toward the head. Synonymous with Superior.
Physiology The study of the functions of body parts, what they do, and how they do it.
Pathology The study of the diseases of the body.
Pathologist One who studies diseases of the human body.
Superior Uppermost or above.
Inferior Lowermost or below.
Anterior (Ventral) Towards the front.
Posterior (Dorsal) Towards the back.
Medial Nearest the midline of the body.
Lateral Toward the side or away from the midline.
Proximal Nearest the point of attachment or origin.
Distal Away from the point of attachment.
Homeostasis The maintenance of the internal environment of the body within narrow limits.
Created by: Magyc468