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Endocrine System

Adrenaline Epinephrine
Antidiuretic Hormone Secreted by the pituitary, increases water reabsorption
Cortic/o outer region
Corticosteriods Hormones produced by the adrenal cortex
Cortisol Produced by the adrenal cortex, increases blood sugar
Electrolyte Mineral salt necessary for proper functioning of cells
Endocrine gland A ductless gland that produces an internal secretion discharged into the blood or lymph and circulated to all parts of the body
Endocrinology The science studying the endocrine glands and thier functions
Epinephonrine Adrenaline
Estr/o Female
estrogen Female Hormone
Exocrine gland A gland whose secretion reaches an epithelial surface either directly or through a duct
Gluc/o Sugar
Glucagon Hormone which increases blood sugar
Gonad/o Sex Glands
Homeostasis Tendency of an organism to maintain a constant internal enviroment
Hormone A substance containing amino acid which originates in an organ or gland, moves through the blood to another part of the body, and stimulates it (by chemical action)to increased activity and secretion
Hypersecretion Excessive amounts of hormonesare secreted
Hyposecretion Inadequate amounts of hormones are secreted
Hypothalamus Secretions stimulate the pituitary gland to release hormones
Insulin Produced by the pancreas, acts to lower blood sugar
Norephinephrine Nonadrenalin
Oxytocin Stimulates the contraction of the uterus
Progesterone Prepares the uterus for pregnancy
Somatotropin Growth Hormone
Steroid Complex subtance related to fats and of which many hormones are made
Testosterone Male Hormone
Thyr/o Thyroid gland
Thyroxine(T4) Increases metabolism in cells
Vasopressin Antidiuretic Hormone
-agon To assemble, gather together
Kal/i Potassium
-tropin Stimulate; act on
-uria Urination, condition of urine
Eu- Good, normal
Oxy- Swift; sharpe; acid
Pan/o Other than normal
Tetra- Four
Tri- Three
Hyperthyroidism Overactivity of the thyroid gland
Thyroid Carcinoma Cancer of the thyroid
Hyper-parathyroidism excessive production of parathyroid
Giantisim hypersecretion of growth hormone from anterior lobe of the pituitary gland before puberity, leading to abnormal overgrowth of body and tissues
Diabetes Mellitus Lack on insulin secretion or resistance of insulin in promoting sugar, starch, fat, metabolism in cells
Acromegaly enlargement of the extremities cause by hypersecretion of the anterior pituitary after puberty
Panhypopituitarism All pituitary hormones are deficient
FBS Fasting blood sugar
FSH Follicle-stimulating hormone
LH Luteinizing Hormone
Cushing Syndrome Grounps of symptoms produced by excess cortisol from the adrenal cortex
TSH Thyroid stimulating hormone
Addison Disease Hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex
Na Sodium
Parathyroidism Condition of the parathyroid; deficent production of parathyroid hormone
Somatotropic Hormones(STH) Anterior pit. lobe
Adrenocorticotropic Hormones (ACTH) Anterior pit. lobe
Vasopression Posterior pit. lobe
Thyroid Hormone (TTH) Anterior pit. lobe
Gonadotropic Hormones Anterior pit. lobe
Melanocyte-stimulatingHormone (MSH) Between pit. lobes
Oxytocin Posterior pit. lobe
Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH) Anterior pit. lobe
Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Anterior pit. lobe
Luteotropic Hormone (LTH) Anterior pit. lobe
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Regulates functional activity of the adrenal cortex
Thyrotropic Hormone Regulates the functional activity of the thyroid gland
Melanocyte-stimulating Hormone Influences melanin formation
Luteinizing Hormone Induces secretion of the estrogens, ovulation, and development of the corpus lutem
Follicle-stimulating hormone Stimulates development of ovarian follicles and spermatogensis in the testes
Luteotropic Hormone Maintains mature corpora lutea, induces secretion of progesterone, and induces secretion of milk ina fully developed mammary gland
Cortex outer
Medulla Inner
Estrogens responsible for felame secondary sexual characteristics and cyclic changes in the vagina and uterus
Epinephrine Constricks arteries, increases heart activity, dilates bronchi, increases level of gulcose in the body by stimulating liver, increases amount of fatty acid in blood, and diminishes activity of the gastrointestinal system
Cortisol & corticosterone Regulate principally carbohydrate as well as fet and protien metabolism which affects essentially every cell in the body
Androgens Regulate the development and maintenance of male secondary sexual characteristics
Aldosterone Regulates metabolism of sodium, chloride, and potassium and therefore, regulates water and electrolyte balance of body
Norepinephrine Dialates arteriole & ventrical which results in increased resistance to blood flow, elevating the blood pressure and slowing the heart
Progentrone Responsible for changes in the uterine lining in second half of menstrual cycle, for develpoment of maternal placenta, and for development of mammary glands
Created by: Lady Shay