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Chapter 13

Medical Terminology

QuestionAnswer
Endocrinologist An endocrine doctor
Goiter Abnormal enlargement of the thyroid
Fasting Blood Sugar Considered prediabetes
Thyroid Storm is a life-threatening health condition that is associated with untreated or undertreated hyperthyroidism. During thyroid storm, an individual's heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature can soar to dangerously high levels.
Thymus A lymphoid organ situated in the neck
Cortisone a hormone produced by the adrenal cortex. One of the glucocorticoids, it is also made synthetically for use as an anti-inflammatory and anti-allergy agent.
Addison's Occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormones cortisol or aldosterone
Pituitary The major endocrine gland
Adrenalitis Inflammation of the adrenal glands
Diabetes Insipidus Caused by insufficient production of the antidiuretic hormone or by the inability of the kidneys to respond appropriately to this hormone
Calcitonin Works with the parathyroid hormone to regulate calcium levels in the blood and tissue
Testosterone Secreted by the testicles, stimulates the development of male secondary sex characteristics
Diabetic Retinopathy Occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels in the retina, causing blood to leak into the posterior segment of the eyeball
Estrogen Develops and maintains the female secondary sec characteristics and regulates the menstrual cycle
Thymitis Inflammation of the thymus gland
Epinephrine Stimulates the sympathetic nervous system
Hypercalcemia Characterized by abnormally high concentrations of calcium circulating in the blood instead of being stored in the bones
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus A form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women
Graves' An autoimmune disorder that is caused by hyperthyroidism and is characterized by goiter and or exophthalmos
Hyperpituitarism Pathology resulting in the excessive secretion by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
Gamete a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to unite with another of the opposite sex in sexual reproduction to form a zygote.
Gonads an organ that produces gametes; a testis or ovary
Hormones a regulatory substance produced in an organism and transported in tissue fluids such as blood or sap to stimulate specific cells or tissues into action.
Thymectomy Surgical removal of the thymus gland
Glucagon Increases the level of glucose in the bloodstreams
Acromegaly Abnormal enlargement of the extremities that is caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone after puberty
Cretinism A congenital form of hypothyroidism
Gigantism Abnormal growth of the entire body before puberty
Progesterone Completes preparation of the uterus for possible pregnancy
Prolacinoma A benign tumor of the pituitary gland that causes it to produce too much prolactin
Acr Extremities
Adren Adrenal glands
Crin Secrete
Dipsia Thirst
Gly Glucose, sugar
Gonad Gonad, sex glands
Ism Condition, state of
Pancreato Pancreas
Parathyroid Parathyroid glands
Pineal Pineal gland
Pituitar Pituitary gland
Poly Many
Somat Body
Thym Thymus gland
Thyroid Thyroid gland
TB Tuberculosis
TIA Transient ischemic attack
tid Three times a day
tin Three times a night
TPR Temp, pulse, respirations
TV Tidal volume
tw twice a week
Tx Treatment
Created by: KayleemWhite