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Body Cavities

QuestionAnswer
POSTERIOR CAVITIES Cranial Cavity (houses brain); Vertebral Canal (contains spinal cord)
VENTRAL CAVITIES Thoracic Cavity and Abdominopelvic Cavity
THORACIC CAVITY Chest cavity bordered anteriorly and laterally by chest wall and inferiorly by diaphragm
THORACIC CAVITY PARTS Mediastinum; Pericardial; Pleural
MEDIASTINUM (THORACIC) Contains the pericardial cavity, thymus, trachea, esophagus, major blood vessels
PERICARDIAL (THORACIC) Contains the heart
PLEURAL (THORACIC) Contains the lungs
ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY PARTS Abdominal and Pelvic
ABDOMINAL (ABDOMINOPELVIC) Bordered superiorly by the diaphragm and inferiorly by a horizontal plane between the superior ridges of the hip bones. Associated with the abdominal viscera incl stomach, spleen, liver, pancreas, small intestine, most of large intestine, kidneys, ureters
PELVIC (ABDOMINOPELVIC) Region located between the hip bones and interior to a horizontal plane between the superior ridges of the hip bones. Assoc with the pelvic viscera, incl urinary bladder and uretha, internal reprod organs, some of the lg intestine
CAVITY MEMBRANES Thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities are lined by a thin SEROUS membrane
SEROUS MEMBRANE's two continuous parts (layers): Parietal (wall) layer and Visceral (organ) layer
PARIETAL LAYER Lines the internal surface of the body wall
VISCERAL LAYER Covers the external surface of organs in the cavity
SEROUS FLUID Fluid produced by the serous membrane that serves to lubricate the organs and protect against friction
PERICARDIAL CAVITY The space in between the Visceral Pericardium and the Parietal Pericardium. Contains serous fluid
VISCERAL PERICARDIUM That part that is in contact with the heart
PARIETAL PERICARDIUM (EPICARDIUM) That part not in contact with the heart
PERITONEUM The serous membrane of the the Abdominopelvic Cavities
VISCERAL PERITONEUM In contact with the outer surface of the organs in these two cavities
PARIETAL PERITONEUM Lining the internal walls of these two cavities and NOT directly in contact with the organs
9 REGIONS OF THE ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY Right Hypochondriac, Right Lumbar, Right Iliac, Epigastric, Umbilical, Hypogastric, Left Hypochondriac, Lumbar, Left Iliac
4 ABDOMINOPELVIC QUADRANTS Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ), Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ), Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ), Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)
PERICARDIUM 2 parts: Visceral Pericardium and the Parietal Pericardium
VISCERAL PERICARDIUM Covers the heart
PARIETAL PERICARDIUM (EPICARDIUM) Lines the Pericardial Wall
VISCERAL PLEURA Covers the Lungs
PARIETAL PLEURA Lines the Pleura Cavity Wall
PLEURAL CAVITY The space in between the Visceral Pleura and the Parietal Pleura. Secretes pleural fluid.
PERITONEUM The serous membrane of the Abdominopelvic Cavities
VISCERAL PERITONEUM Is in contact with the outer surface of the organs
PARIETAL PERITONEUM Lining the internal walls of these two cavities and not directly in contact with the organs
Created by: Tlmk