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Anatomy Lecture Ch 1

Anatomy Study of Structure; Greek for "to cut up" or "cut open"
2 Categories of Anatomy Microscopic Anatomy and Gross Anatomy
Structural Organization of the Human Body Chemical Level (Atoms/Molecules); Cellular Level; Tissue Level4; Organ Level; Organ System Level (11 Organ Systems); Organism Level
Organ Systems Comprised of organs that work together to perform specific functions; 11 organ systems in the human body
Anatomic Position Standing; Feet parallel and on the floor; Head level and looking forward; Arms at side of body; Palms facing forward and thumbs pointing away from body
"Section" Anatomic View An actual cut or slice through a structure
"Plane" Anatomic View An imaginary flat surface passing through the body or an organ
Anatomic Planes Coronal Plane, Transverse Plane, Sagittal Plane; Midsagittal; Oblique
Coronal Plane Divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) parts
Transverse Plane Divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) parts
Sagittal Plane Divides the body into left and right parts
Mid-Sagittal Plane Divides the body into EQUAL left and right halves
Oblique Transverse view from an angle
Purpose of Anatomic Direction Allow us to describle the relative position of one body structure in relation to another
Anatomic Directions Anterior (ventral) vs posterior (dorsal); Superior (cranial) vs Inferior (caudal); Medial vs Lateral; Proximal vs Distal (relates to origin of structure); Internal vs external; Deep vs superficial
Anatomic Regions Axial (head, neck and trunk - the vertical axis of the body); Appendicular (upper and lower limbs - appendages)
Created by: Tlmk