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Urinary System


Urinary System Is to maintain a balance of the contents of the fluids within the body
Kidneys Filter blood constantly to remove waste and work to filter the blood, reabsorb water, and secrete urine.
Urine Which is expelled from the body by way of the bladder.
Nephrons Microscopic units of the kidneys, are the structures that actually form urine.
Ureters Urine is moved from the kidney to the bladder by the way of the ureters, are very narrow tubes
Urinary bladder which holds urine until it moves to the urethra
Urethra Is a small tube extending from the bladder to outside the body. When the bladder fills, pressure is exerted on the urethra, causing the urge to urinate.
Micturate or Voiding Which are other terms for urination.
Male genitalia Are made up of the scrotum, testicles, and the penis
Penis Ureters move urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Prostate gland Secretes a fluid that is part of the semen and aids in the motility of the sperm
Female genitalia Are made up of the uterus, vagina, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, perineum, clitoris, labia, and mammary glands, or breasts
Nephritis An inflammation of the kidneys
Nephrosis (Nephropathy) Refers to a disease or disorder of the kidney.
Glomerulonephritis An inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney
Acute kidney failure Some causes are blockage of urine flow, tumors, and enlarged prostate
Chronic renal failure (Chronic kidney disease) Is a progressive disease in which renal function deteriorates
ESRD Other organs are affected until the pt advances to the late stages of chronic renal failure
Calculus Stone
Renal colic Is acute pain caused by the passage of a kidney stone
Cystitis Inflammation of the bladder
Urethritis Inflammation of the urethra
Urethral stricture Narrowing of the urethra
Urinary tract infection (UTI) Abnormal presence of microorganisms in the urine
Benign prostatic hypertrophy Abnormal enlargement of the prostate
Endometriosis Abnormal growth of the endometrium outside the uterus
Female genital prolapse Downward displacement of the genital organs
Complete prolapse Entire uterus descends & protrudes beyond the introitus and vagina becomes inverted
Incomplete prolapse Uterus descends into the introitus
Ovarian cysts Sacs of the ovary that are filled with a semisolid or liquid material
Dysplasia Abnormal development or growth of cells
Menopause The time in a women's life when her menstrual cycle ceases
Premenopausal Time period right before menopuase
Perimenopusal When symptoms of menopause starts
Postmenopausal When a woman has not had a period for at least 1 year until the time she celebrates her 100th birthday
ARF Acute renal failure
BPH Benign prostatic hypertrophy
BUN Blood,urea, nitrogen
CRF Chronic renal failure
C&S Culture & sensitivity
Cysto Cystoscopy
ESRD End stage renal disease
ESWL Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
IVP Intravenous pyelogram
IVU Intravenous urography
KUB Kidneys, ureters, bladder
PD Peritoneal dialysis
RD Retrograde pyelogram
TURP Transurethral resection of the prostate
U/A Urinalysis
UTI Urinary tract infection
VCUG Voiding cystourethrogram
External sphincter Controls the release of the urine from the bladder
Pyeloplasty Plastic surgery on the renal pelvis of kidney
Neprorrhaphy Suturing of a kidney wound or injury
Symphysiotomy for horseshoe kidney Is completed to correct a horseshoe, a condition in which there is an abnormal union of the kidneys
Renal endoscopic procedures Look like the kidneys
Cystostomy Incision is made into the midline and carried through until the bladder is incised
Urodynamics The study of the holding and storage of urine in the bladder, the motion of rate of the movement of the urine, and the analysis of how the bladder empties.
Open drainage of a perirenal abscess or renal abscess Incision made into the area, the site is irrigated, and drain tubes are placed
Nephrolithotomy Removal of kidney stones
Pyelotomy Incision made into the renal pelvis
Ureterectomy Removal of ureter
Partial Nephrectomy Partial removal of kidney
Created by: diasiar



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