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TDommel

YTI- Med Term II- Oncology

QuestionAnswer
Name the three causes of cancer. enviromental, hereditary, biological
What are the two classifications of neoplasms? benign or malignant
When a secondary tumor site occurs from the primary, it is called ________________ metastasis
Cancer is the presence of a _________________ malignant growth (tumor)
Who grades and stages tumors? pathologist
Outcome, prediction, end and estimate of chance,are all words used in a ____________ prognosis
Malignancies that originate from bone, fat, muscle, cartilage, bone marrow, and cells of the lymphatic system. sarcoma
Develops in cartilage fibrosarcoma
Develops in bone tissue osteosarcoma
Develops in nerve cells in bone marrow Ewing Sarcoma
Non-cancerous growths composed of the same type of cells as the tissue in which they are growing are called? Benign Neoplasm
Composed of cells that are invasive and spread to remote regions of the body are called? Malignant Neoplasm
adren/o gland
blast/o immature or embryonic cell
carcin/o cancer
mut/o genetic change
onc/o tumor
radi/o radiation, x-rays, radius
-blast immature or embryonic cell
-oma tumor
-plasia formation, growth
-plastic formative
-plasm formation, growth
ALL chronic myelogenous or myelocytic leukemia
BRCA Breast cancer gene
BX Biopsy
CEA Carcinoembryonic antigen
Chemo Chemotherapy
CML Chronic myelocytic leukemia
DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DRE Digital Rectal Exam
ER Estrogen Receptor
FNA Fine Needle Aspiration
HD Hodgkin's Disease
Mets metastasis
NHL non-Hodgkin's Disease
PSA Prostate-specific Antigen
TNM Tumor, Node, Metastasis
TX Treatment
XRT Radiation Therapy
Destruction by freezing cryosurgery
Destruction by burning tissue electrodesiccation
Removal of an organ, tumor and surrounding tissue exenteration
Destruction by high-frequency current fulguration
Surgical removal of a localized tumor lumpectomy
Removal of a tumor and a large amount of surrounding tissue Resectioning
Surgical removal of a localized tumor Tylectomy
Inflammatory bone disease that can precede the development of bone cancer Paget's Disease
Cancerous tumor of kidney occurring mainly in children Wilm's Tumor
Malignant tumor, most commonly found in Africa that affects children. Characteristic symptom of massive, swollen jaw. Burkitt's Lymphoma
How many stages of cancer? 4
Overgrowth of blood cells proliferation
Malignant disease that affects the lymphatic system, primarily the lymph nodes. Hodgkin Disease
Malignancy of connective tissue including bone, fat, muscle and fibrous tissue, associated with AIDS Kaposi Sarcoma
List treatments surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy (biotherapy) and radiation therapy
Malignant tumor arising in a glandular organ adenocarcinoma
Radiation therapy in which the radioactive substance is inserted into a body cavity or organ brachytherapy
Agent or substance that incites or produces cancer carcinogen
Malignant tumor arising in epithelial tissue carcinoma
Cancerous tumor derived from cartilage cells chondrosarcoma
Cancerous tumor of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregnancy choriocarcinoma
Complex protein of high molecular weight found in the nucleus of every cell deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Abnormal cills that involve only the lining of a duct and have not spread outside the duct to other tissues in the breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
Primary bone cancer occurring in the pelvic area or in one of the long bones Ewing's sarcoma
Outside the body radiation external radiation
Cancerous tumor of the brain,usually of the cerebral hemispheres glioblastoma
Cancerous tumor of the brain glioma
Cancerous tumor originating in blood vessels hemangiosarcoma
Form of lymphoma that occurs in young adults Hodgkin's disease (HD)
First virus known to cause cancer in humans human T-cell leukemia-lymphoma virus (HTLV)
Pertaining to the process of extending or growing into normal tissue;invasive infiltrative
Within a site in situ
Pertaining to the spreading process of a malignant tumor into normal tissue invasive
Cancerous tumor of smooth muscle tissue leiomyosarcoma
Wound; an injury, altered tissue or a single infected patch of skin lesion
Disease of the blood characterized by overproduction of leukocytes; cancer of the blood-forming tissues leukemia
White, thickened patches formed on the mucous membranes of the cheeks, gums, or tongue that tend to become cancerous leukoplakia
Cancerous tumor of fat cells liposarcoma
Abnormal cells found in the lobules of the breast lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS)
Cancerous tumor of lymphatic vessels lymphangiosarcoma
Cancerous tumor of the lymph nodes lymphoma
Cancerous disease of lymphatic tissue; also called lymphoblastoma lymphosarcoma
Pertaining to bad wandering malignant
Cancerous tumor of the brain, the fourth ventricle, and the cerebellum medulloblastoma
Cancerous black mole or tumor melanoma
Cancerous tumor originating in the arachnoidal membrane of the brain meningioma
Inflammation of the oral mucosa caused by exposure to high-energy beams delivered by radiation therapy mucositis
Tumor arising in the hemopoietic portion of the bone marrow myeloma
Cancerous tumor of the muscle tissue myosarcoma
New thing formed, such as an abnormal growth or tumor neoplasm
Cancerous tumor of the kidney; also called Wilms' tumor; found in children 2-3 yrs old nephroblastoma
Cancerous tumor composed chiefly of neuroblasts; usually in the abdomen as swelling; Dx in first yrs of life neuroblastoma
Cancerous tumor composed chiefly of neuroglial cells and located in the cerebrum oligodendroglioma
Cancerous tumor composed of osseous tissue osteogenicsarcoma
Pertaining to a form of Tx to relieve or alleviate symptoms w/o curing palliative
In radiation therapy, refers to the skin area of entry for the radiation port
Pertaining to the state of a growth or condition before the onset of cancer precancerous
Original, initial or principal site primary site
Process of lessening the severity if symptoms; time shen symptoms of disease are at rest remission
Cancerous tumor arising in connective tissue sarcoma
Second site usually derived from the primary site secondary site
Cancerous tumor of the testis seminoma
Pathologic condition of the heart in which there is accumulation of excess fluid in the pericardium tamponade (cardiac)
Pertaining to the inability to open the mouth fully;occurs in patients with oral cancer who undergo combo Tx trismus
Abnormal growth, swelling or enlargement tumor
Created by: TDommel