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digestion

QuestionAnswer
digestion process of breaking down food into absorbable particles
transfer of nutrients into circulation called absorption
3 main functions of the digestion system digestion, absorption,elimination
layers of the wall of the digestive tract from outermost to innermost serious membrane,smooth muscle,submucosa,mucous membrane
which layer are the goblet cells found mucous membrane
peritoneum serious membrane that line the abdominal cavity and forms the outer layer of the abdominal organs
the portion of the peritoneum that covers the organs visceral peritoneum
4 subdevisions of the peritoneum mesentery,mesocolon,greater omentum,lesser omentum
subdevision of the peritoneum is attached to the small intestine mesentary
where is the lesser omentum located between stomach and liver
the cuspids are located between what teeth incisors and molars
how many cuspids are normally found in a adult 4
what regulates how rapidly food moves into the small intestine pylorus
3 functions of the stomach storage pouch,digestive organ,churn
where is the pepsin produced lining of the stomach
what activates pepsin when food enters the stomach and HCI is produced
first part of the small intestine duodenum
where are most nutrients absorbed walls of the small intestine
villa projections in the lining of the small intestine through which digested food is absorbed
microvilli small projections of the plasma membranes that increase surface area
what is the specialized lymphatic capillay in which fats are absorbed lacteal
small blind tube containing lymphoid tissue that is attached to the cecum vermiform appendix(appendix)
what part of the large intestine emptys into the rectum sigmoid colon
functions of the large intestine secretes mucus,H2o is reabsorbed,undigesed food is stored,formed into feces and eliminated
largest salivary glands parotid glands
where are the sublingual glands located under the tounge
where is bile,which breaks up fats into small droplets manufactered liver
where is glycogen stored liver
what is byproduct of the distrution of old red blood cells bilirubin
what is the urea and where is it synthesized waiste product of protein metabolism,liver
the cystic duct and common hepatic duct merge to form what duct common bile duct
after collecting bile from the gallbladder, where does the common bile duct deliver it duodenum
where is bile stored gallblader
what duct carries bile from the liver to the gallblader cystic duct
the pancreas secretes a large number of what type of enzymes digestive enzymes
what enzymes digest starch amylase
what are fats broken down into glycerol(glycerin)and fatty acids
what is the function of trypsin splits proteins into amino acids
what disaccharide does lactase act on lactose
what does the hormone gastrin promote stomach secretions and mobility
what does the pancrease release that neutralizes chyme water and bicarbonate
where are secretion and cholecystokinin produced duodenum
what stimulates the contraction of the gallblader cholecystokinin(cck)
what is peritonitis inflamation of the peritoneum
what is another name for tooth decay dental caries
what is gastroenteritis stomach and small intestine inflamation
diverticulitis diet low in fiber contributes to the formation of large # of small pouches in wall of the intestine
example of parotitis mumps
what is juandice yellowish discoloration of the skin usally due to the presence of bile in the blood
hepatitis inflamation of the liver
cholelithiasis formation of stones,gallstones
what gland can influence your basal metabolic rate thyroid gland
ileus intestinal obstruction caused by lack of peristalsis or muscle contraction
G.E.R.D gastroesophageal reflux disease
Created by: cornejo