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Chapter 11

Medical Terminology

QuestionAnswer
Blephar Eyelid
Cusis Hearing
Opia Vision condition
Opt Eye, vision
Ot Ear, hearing
Irid Iris
Phank Lens of eye
Presby Old age
Retin Retina
Myring Eardrum
Ophthalm Eye, vision
Scler Sclear, white of eye
Troph Turn, change
Tympan Tympanic membrane
Audiometry The use of an audiometer to measure hearing acuity
Cochlear Implant Implanted electronic device that can give a deaf person a useful auditory understanding of environment and or hearing and help them to understand speech
Conjunctivitis Pink eye
Exotropia Walleye
Iridectomy Surgical removal of a portion of the tissue of the iris
Iritis Inflammation of the real tract affecting primarily structures in the front of the eye
Keratitis Inflammation of the cornea
Mydriasis Dilation of the pupil of the eye
Myopia Nearsightedness
Nystagmus Involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball that can be congenital or caused by a neurological injury or drug use
Ophthalmoscopy Visual examination of the funds of the eye with an opthalmoscope
Otitis Media Inflammation of the middle ear
Otomycosis Swimmers ear
Otopyorrhea The flow of pus from the ear
Otorrhea Any discharge from the ear
Photophobia Excessive sensitivity to light
Ptosis Dropping of upper eyelid
Scleritis Inflammation of the sclera
Xerophthalmia Dry eyes
Extraocular Outside the eyeball
Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Bleeding between the conjunctiva and the sclera
Macular Degeneration Gradually progressive condition in which the macula at the center of the retina is damaged, resulting in the loss of central vision, but not total blindness
Scotoma Blindspot, abnormal area of diminished vision surrounded by an area of normal vision
Visual Field Testing Perimetry, performed to determine losses in peripheral vision
Enucleation Removal of the eyeball
Otalgia Earache
Conductive hearing loss Occurs when sound waves are prevented from passing from the air to the fluid-filled inner ear
Monaural Testing Involves one ear
Tympanoplasty Surgical correction of a damaged middle ear, either to cure chronic inflammation or to restore function
Optician Designs, fits, dispenses lenses for vision correction
Cerumen Earwax
Glaucoma Diseases characterized by increased intraocular pressure that cause damage to the retinal and optic nerve
Otosclerosis The ankylosis of the bones of the middle ear
Cataract Loss of transparency of the lens that causes a progressive loss of visual clarity
Sensorineural Develops when the auditory nerve or hair cells in the inner ear are damaged
qid Four times a day
Qt Total cardiac output
R Right, rectal temperature
R/O Rule out
RBC Red blood cell
RLQ Right lower quadrant
ROM Range of motion
RR Respiratory rate
RUQ Right upper quadrant
Rx Prescription
Created by: KayleemWhite