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Disease Chap 5-9

Disease Conditions Chapter 5-9

QuestionAnswer
List symptoms of otitis media. Symptoms may vary by type, drainage, pressure in ear, impaired hearing, pain, fever, chills, N&V and dizziness
2. List two types of glaucoma Open angle and closed angle
3. What is the most common cause of cataract formation? age
4. Is there a cure for macular degeneration? No
5. What is the difference between otitis external and otitis media? Media is middle ear, externa is external ear canal
6. What is the most common treatment of mastoiditis? Antibiotics
7. List two skin cancers that commonly occur on the external ear. Basal Cell Carcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma
8. What is another name for urticaria? Hives
9. List two causes of urticaria. Allergy to food or insect bites, infection, sunlight, extreme temperature, idiopathic,
10. List two symptoms of cellulitis. Erythema (redness) of skin, edema (swelling), tender and hot to touch, fever, and malaise. May develop red streak if it spreads.
11. List two locations that tinea infections occur. Capitis (scalp), corporis (skin), unguium (nails), pedis (foot), cruris (groin)
12. List two other terms for “pressure ulcer”. Bed sore, decubitus (decub) and pressure injury (not mentioned in book – this is new terminology)
13. Which skin cancers are considered nonmelanoma skin cancers? BCC and SCC
14. List two treatments for malignant melanoma. Complete excision with wide margins, lymph node dissection if positive nodes, immunotherapy and targeted chemo.
15. List two symptoms of fibromyalgia. Muscle and soft tissue pain around the joints, fatigue, disturbed sleep, poor concentration, irritability and depression. Extreme tenderness in certain pressure points of the body.
16. Which two joints are most commonly affected with osteoarthritis? Hip and knee
17. What is the drug of choice for treatment of Lyme disease? doxycycline
18. Name two conditions that may predispose a person for increased risk to develop osteomyelitis? Diabetes, PVD and prosthetic hardware
19. Name two heart or vascular conditions that may be characteristic of Marfan syndrome. Valve disorders, aneurysms, skeletal deformities and eye problems such as subluxation of lens, retinal detachment and cataract.
20. Name a diagnostic tool used to diagnosis osteoporosis. DEXA scan
21. Name two ways in which a fractured hip can be surgically repaired. ORIF (open reduction with internal fixation), insertion of pin or intramedullary device or joint replacement (usually hemiarthroplasty)
22. Name two medications used to treat GERD Omeprazole, lansoprazole, rabeprazole, or esomeprazole, ranitidine, and famotidine.
23. What type of intervention may be necessary to treat bleeding esophageal varices. Replacing lost blood volume, endoscopic sclerotherapy and ligation of varices.
24. Name one esophageal condition that is a precursor to esophageal cancer. Barrett’s esophagus
25. Is gastritis an acute or chronic condition? Can be either or both
26. Is Crohn’s disease curable? No
27. What is the hallmark sign of ulcerative colitis? Frequent and bloody diarrhea
28. Gastroenteritis can be due to many different causes. List two. Bacteria, parasites, viral, contaminated food, spicy food, alcohol, caffeine, medications.
29. List another name of C diff. Pseudomembranous enterocolitis
30. Define HCC (Hepatocellular carcinoma). Primary liver tumor (neoplasm) that usually occurs in the setting of chronic liver disease (such as cirrhosis and hepatitis C)
31. Name two chronic diseases in which malnutrition might occur. Cancer, diabetes, COPD, CHF, and AIDS.
32. What type of food poisoning has been associated with raw eggs? Salmonella
33. Name two treatments for pulmonary embolism. Oxygen and anticoagulation, thrombolytic therapy, (not mentioned in text but in rare cases thrombectomy is performed).
34. List two symptoms of pneumonia. Symptoms may vary – cough, fever, SOB, chills, sweating, CP, cyanosis and hemoptysis.
35. What is H1N1 influenza (Swine Flu)? Novel influenza A is a respiratory illness that was first detected in April 2009 and is different than the usual seasonal flu. Can be confirmed by lab testing.
36. COPD is a broad category. List two specific types of COPD. Emphysema, chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, pneumoconiosis, asthma and cystic fibrosis
37. What is the difference between hemothorax and pneumothorax? Hemo is blood and pneumo is air collection within the pleural cavity.
38. Does a positive Mantoux text (PPD) confirm that a patient has pulmonary tuberculosis? No, final confirmation is a positive sputum culture for tubercle bacillus.
39. What is a common metastatic site for primary lung cancer? Brain, liver and bone
40. What do the abbreviations NSCLC and SCLC stand for? Non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer
Created by: wallace263