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Chapter 9

Medical Terminology

Chronic Kidney Disease The progressive loss of renal function over months or years
Cystitis Inflammation of the bladder
Cystocele (Prolapsed bladder) A hernia of the bladder through the vaginal wall
Cystolith A stone located with in the urinary bladder
Cystopexy Surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall
Cystoscopy Visual examination of the urinary bladder
Dialysis Procedure to remove waste products, such as urea, creatinie, as well as excess water from the blood of some's kidneys don't function
Diuresis The increased output of urine
End-Stage Renal Disease Final stage of chronic kidney disease, this condition is fatal unless dialysis or kidney transplant
Enuresis Involuntary discharge of urine
Hemodialysis The process by which waste products are filtered directly from the patients blood
Hydronephrosis Is the dilation/swelling of one or both kidneys
Hyperproteinuria The presence of abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine
Hypoproteinemia The presence of abnormally high concentrations
Incontinence Inability to control the excretion of urine, feces, or both
Nephrolithiasis Describes the presence of stones in the kidney
Nephtopathy Any disease of the kidney
Neurogenic Bladder A urinary problem caused by interference with the normal nerve pathways associate with urination
Nocturia Fequent and excessive urination during the night
Nocturnal Enuresis Urinary incontinence during sleep
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy The surgical removal of a nephrolith through a small incision in the back
Polyuria Excessive urination and is a common symptom of diabetes
Urethritis Inflammation of the urethra
Urinary Catheterization Procedure used to drain the bladder and collect urine, through a flexible tube called a catheter
Cystaligia Pain in the bladder
Urinary Hesitancy Difficulty starting a urinary stream
Urinalysis Examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements
Neobladder Replacement of the missing bladder created by using about 20 inch of small intestine
Na Sodium
NKA No known allergies
NKDA No known drug allergies
NPO Nothing by mouth
O2 Oxygen
OB Obstetrics
OR Operating room
oz Ounce
Created by: KayleemWhite