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Chapter 8

Medical Terminology

QuestionAnswer
Emesis Vomiting
Colonoscopy Direct visual examination of the inner surface of the entire colon from the rectum to the cecum
Dysphagia Difficulty swallowing
Halitosis Bad breath
Stomach the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion of food occurs
Leukoplakia White precancerous lesion that develops on the tongue/ inside of cheek
Cholangiography Radiographic examination of bile ducts with a contrast medium
Ulcerative Colitis Chronic condition which repeated episodes of inflammation in the rectum and large intestines causes ulcers
Pyrosis Heart burn
Jejunum Middle portion of the small intestine
Hematochezia Bright red blood in stool
Hemoccult Fecal blood test hidden in stool
Diverticulum Small pouch found in the lining of a tubular organ
Xerostomia Dry mouth
Liver Removes toxins from blood and turns good into energy, creates bile
Hyperemesis A lot of vomiting
Nasogastric intubation Feeding tube through nose to stomach
Hiatal Hernia Part of the stomach pushes up through the diaphragm muscle
Herpes Labialis Cold sores
Esophagus The part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to the stomach
Small Intestine The part of the intestine that runs between the stomach and the large intestine
Trismus Any restriction to the opening of the mouth caused by trauma, surgery, or radiation associated with the treatment of oral cancer
Ileus Partial/ complete blockage of the small or large intestine
Sigmoidoscopy The endoscopic examination of the interior of the rectum, sigmoid colon
Hematemesis Vomiting of blood
Rectum The final section of the large intestine
Duodenum The first part of the small intestine immediately beyond the stomach
Stomatitis Inflammation of the mucosa of the mouth
Malocclusion Imperfect positioning of the teeth when the jaws are closed.
Enteritis Inflammation of the intestine
Polyp A mushroom-like growth from the surface of a mucous membrane
Colostomy Surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between he colon and the body surface
Cirrhosis Chronic degenerative disease of the liver characterized by scarring
Protologist A physician who specializes in disorders of the colon, rectum, and anus
Gastroesophageal Reflux Backward flow of the contents of the stomach into the esophagus
Anus The opening at the end of the alimentary canal through which solid waste matter leaves the body.
Pyloric Sphincter is a band of smooth muscle at the junction between the pylorus of the stomach and the duodenum of the small intestine
Ileum The third portion of the small intestine
Cleft Palate A congenital split in the roof of the mouth.
Bruxism The involuntary or habitual grinding of the teeth
Inguinal Hernia Is the protrusion of a small loop of bowel through a weak place in the lower abdominal wall or groin
Celiac's Gluten intolerance
Crohn's Is a chronic autoimmune disorder that can occur anywhere in the digestive tract
Jaundice yellow skin
Hepatitis A Inflammation of the liver usually caused by a viral infection
Gastrostomy An opening into the stomach from the abdominal wall, made surgically for the introduction of food
Pepsia Digestion
Esophageal Varices Enlarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus
Antacids An antacid medicine.
An Anus, ring
Chol Bile, gall
Cholecyst Gallbladder
Col, Colon Colon
Emesis Vomiting
Enter Small intestine
Esophag Esophagus
Gastr Stomach
Hepat Liver
Lithiasis Presence of stones
Pepsia Digest
Phagia Eating, swallowing
Proct Anus and rectum
Rect Rectum, straight
Sigmoid Sigmoid colon
L Let
LOC Loss of consciousness
LPN Licensed practical nurse
LUQ Left upper quadrant
LV Left ventricle
MI Heart attack
mL Milliliter
MMR Measles, mumps, rubella
MRI Magnetic resonance Imaging
MVA Motor vehicle accident
Created by: KayleemWhite