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what happens during external exchanges of gases oxygen diffuses from air sacs into blood and CO2 diffuses out to be eliminated
where are the vocal cords contained larynx
what forms the inferior portion of the nasal septum vomer
the most superior portion of the pharynx nasopharynx
epiglottis leaf shaped cartilage that covers the larynx during swallowing
the trachia is surrounded by what cartilage
what are bronchioles microscopic branch of a bronchus
what are alveoli clusters of tiny air sacs where most gas exchange takes place
what is the continous double sac that covers the lung pleura
where is the plueral space located between 2 layers of plura
what is the portion of the pleura that is attached to the chest wall parietal pleura
what is the active phase of breathing inhalation
what muscle contracts during pulomonary ventilation diaphragm
what muscle contracts during forced exhalation inner intercostals,muscles of the abdominal wall
tidal volume the ammount of air moved into or out of the lungs in quiet relaxed breathing
by what process do oxygen and carbon dioxide move in and out of the blood diffusion
almost all of the oxygen that diffuses into the capillary blood in the lungs binds to what in the red blood cells hemoglobin
the majority of carbon dioxide is transported as what kind of ion bicarbonate ion
what nerve stimulates the diaphragm phrenic nerve
the presence of what ion stimulates the central chemoreceptors hydrogen ion
in what 2 places are the peripheral chemoreceptors that regulate respiration found carotid and the aortic bodies
hypocapnia an increase in the oxygen level,decrease in the carbon dioxide level caused by hyperventilation
what is the result of hypovenilation a raise in CO2 concentration in the blood, leading to a drop in PH
tachypnea excessive rate of breathing that may be normal,excerise
apnea temporary cessation of breathing
orthopnea difficulty of breathing that is releived by sitting in a upright position
which form of altered breathing will result in the greatest increase in blood acidity apnea
hypoxemia lower than normal oxygen level in a arterial blood
polyps protruding growth from a mucous membrane, chronic sinus infections that cause changes in the epithelial cells
acute coryza common cold,an example of a upper respiratory infection
what are some symptoms of croup,and what age does it effect children under 3,loud barking cough,wheezing,horseness,difficulty breathing
what is the term for the fluid that accumulates in the effected aveoli of pneumonia paitents exudate
medical term for hay fever allergic rhinitis
COPD chronic obstruction pulmonary disease
what occurs in chronic bronchitis airway linings are chronicly inflammed and produce excessive secretions
In emphysema, what structures are dialated and finally destroyed alveoli
In premature new borns, what may result from insufficient production of surfactant by immature lungs atelectasis (collapsed lung)
Bronchogenic carcinoma is a form of what type of cancer lung cancer
what is pneumonectomy complete removal of the lung
what is pneumothorax accumulation of air in the pleural space
in what process is a large bore needle inserted between ribs and the pleural space to remove fluid thoracentesis
what is bronchoscope rigid or flexible tubular instrument used for inspection of the primary bronchi and the larger bronchial tubes
tracheostomy tube inserted into the trachea,and acts as a artifical airwayfor ventilation
tracheotomy incision of the trachea
when is artificial respiration used when a patient has temporarily lost the capacity to perform the normal motions of respiration
what is the adams apple formed by thyroid cartilage
what is vital capacity the volume of air that can be expelled from the lungs by maximum exhalation after maximum inhalation
Created by: cornejo