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Genetics Vocab.

Gene a set of instructions for an inherited trait.
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule found in all living cells and contains the information that determines the traits that a living thing inherits and needs to live.
heredity The passing of genetic traits from parents to offsprings.
asexual formed by, characterized by, or being a process of reproduction (as the dividing of one cell into two cells) that does not involve the combining of female and male germ cell.
Reproduction The process of which living things produce offspring.
mitosis In eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes
egg cell a female reproductive cell of animals and plants that can unite with a sperm cell to form a new individual.
sperm cell a male reproductive cell of animals and plants that can unite with an egg cell to form a new individual cell.
meiosis a process in cell division during which the number of chromosomes decreases to half the original number by 2 divisions of the nucleus, which results in the production of sex cells.
phentotype the entire genetic makeup of an organism; also the combination of genes for one or more specific traits.
gentotype the entire genetic makeup of an organism; also the combination of genes for one or more specific traits.
dominant trait the trait observed in the first generation when parents that have different traits are bred.
recessive trait a trait that is apparent only when recessive alleles for the same characteristics are inherited.
alleles one of the alternative forms of a gene that governs a characteristic, such as hair color.
Created by: arielle.p
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