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Ch 40, 41, 43

What can you culture? Urin, Throat, Blood, Stool, Wound, Sputum, Nose, CSF
What are the 7 rights of Spec Collection right site, right amount, right container, right medium, right lable, right amount of time, right temp.
How big do the bacteria colonies have to be to be bad? greater than 100,000
name the different types of bacteria? cocci(round in shape), bacilli(rod-shaped and can have rounded), spirilla(spiral-shaped)
How hot does an auto clave have to get? 121%C
What is the proper name to which our time is referred to? Greenwich time
What is the basic unit of measurement for weight in the metric system? Milligram
What test measures the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood? Hemoglobin
What are red blood cells called? erythrocytes
what are white blood cells called? leukocytes
what are platelets called? thrombocytes
What is Hematopoiesis? formation of blood cells
What does a CBC test generally include? Hemoglobin determination, Hematocrit determination, RBC count, WBC count, Erythrocyte indices, differential WBC count
What are the parts of Hemoglobin molecule? Globin(4), heme(4) and iron(1)
What are the two basic groups of leukocytes? granulocytes(which contain granules) and agranulocytes(which do not contain granules)
How are leukocytes identified? by the contents of the cytoplasm
Name the three granulocytes? neutrophils, basophils, and eosinophils
What are the names of the sizes of erythrocytes? normocytic(normal size), macrocytic(larger), and microcytic(smaller)
When the erythrocytes show marked variation in size this condition is called? anisocytosis
What is the name for the proper amount of hemoglobin? normochromic
those that do not have enough hemoglobin are called? hypochromic
What is the normal amout of platelets? 140,000 to 400,000/cm ul
How many steps does coagulation have? 13
What does a capillary tube with a blue line contain? antiecoagulant
What are the layers in which a centrifuged tube separates? clear liquid=serum or plasma, cloudy white layer=buffy coat, and at bottom blood colored=packed RBC's
What is the daily iron requirments for adult females? 2.0mg
What does POL mean? physicians' office laboratory
What is a pathogen? causative microorganism
what is a holding media? something that keeps a specimen on a swab moist until it is cultured?
What is Taxonomy? classification of living organisms
What is the CLIA? Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act
What does parasitology? identification of parasites
What does virology mean? identification of viruses
what does mycology do? identification of fungi
What are infections acquired in hospitals referred to? nosocomial
Microorganisms have two distinct groups one what are they? aerobic(with oxygen) and anaerobic(no oxygen)
What is a wet-mount? nothing is added used to observe motility.
What is another solution that can be used in a wet-mount? KOH(potassium hydroxide)
What are the different classifications of media? Basic, Differential, Selective, and Enriched
What is a basic media? used for general purposes and do not contain added nutrients. They will support the growth of many Gram-negative and Gram-positive organisms.
What is a differential media? Contains substances that alter the appearance of some types of organisms and not other types.
What is a selective media? supports the growth of one type of organism, whereas inhibiting the growth of another.
What is a enriched media? contains substances that inhibit certain bacteria from growing. These media work well with cultures from sites that possess normal flora, such as the throat.
What is Silica and where is it found? it is glass and it is found in a red top serum sperator tube.
How long does a serum seperator tube sit? 30min to an hour
What is culturing mean? to isolate a disease-causing microorganism for identification.
What is the medium for culturing? agar a gelatin-like substance mixed with nutrients
Created by: Seanmorrone