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Chapter 7

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
Mucus
Rhinorrhea
Apnea
Laryngoscopy Visual examination of the larynx and vocal cords
Influenza The flu
Croup Is an acute respiratory infection in children by obstruction of the larynx
Bronchoscopy the visual examination of the bronchi
COPD
Epistaxis Nose bleed
Dyspnea Shortness of breath
Pharynx After mouth
Spirometer Measures the amount of air inhaled or exhaled and the length of time required for each breath
Bradypnea Abnormally slow rate of respiration
Hypopnea Shallow or slow respiration
Asthma Chronic inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes, often triggered by an allergic reaction
Emphysema Loss of lung function
Diphtheria Is an acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract
Larynx
Chest x-ray
Bronchospasm Is a contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles, tightening/squeezing the airway shut
Chronic Bronchitis
Cillia
Cheyne-Stokes Respirations Irregular pattern of breathing characterized by rapid/shallow respiration to slower respiration
Polysomnography Empyema of the pleural cavity, presence of pus in the pleural cavity
Bronchorrhea Excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi
Pleura
I & O Intake and output
Hx History
IM Intramuscular
Pyothorax
Aphonia The loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds
Alveoli Air sacs found at the end of each bronchiole
Endotracheal Intubation The passage of a tube through the mouth into the trachea to maintain an open airway
Diaphragm
Hypercapnia The abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood
Dysphonia Difficulty in speaking
Laryngotomy
Asphyxia Loss of consciousness that occurs when the body can't get enough oxygen
HTN Hypertension
Bronchodilator A medication that relaxes and expands the bronchial passages into the lungs
Anoxia Absence of oxygen from the bodys tissue and organs even though there is an adequate flow of blood
Trachea
Nebulizer An electronic device that pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn into mist
Cyanosis Bluish discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood
Visceral or Parietal
Hemothorax Collection of blood in the pleural cavity
KG Kilogram
Antitussive Cough Medicine
Hypoxia The condition of having deficient oxygen levels in the body's tissues and organs
Created by: KayleemWhite