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Med Term

medical terminology

gastr- stomach
cardi- heart
megal- enlarged
-itis inflammation
dermat- skin
plast- surgical repair, plastic repair
cerebr- brain
path- disease
-ectomy surgical removal of all or part of
enter- intestines (usually small)
-osis condition, any condition
-otomy cut into, incision into
aden- gland
angi- vessel (usually blood)
-oma tumor
nephr- kidney
hepat- liver
arthr- joint
blephar- eyelid
-ologist a specialist in the study of
rhin- nose
gingiv- gum
-malacia soft, soft condition
-ology study of
spasm involuntary contraction
-algia pain, painful condition
crani- skull
end- inside, within
hemi- half
oid - like, resembling
hyper- above, more than normal
cyst- sac containing fluid, bladder
chole- bile
hypo- under, beneath, dificient
-scop- look, observe
hyster- uterus (womb)
-ostomy to create an opening
para- beside, beyond
-lysis loosening, destruction, set free
cervic- neck
chrondr- cartilage
cyan- blue
hem(at)- blood
ost- bone
psycho- mind
lip- fat
my- muscle
lith- stone
ophthalm- eye
proct- anus
cost- rib
-gram record, write
acro- extremities
rhexis break, burst
carcin- cancer
-penia decrease
gen- original, production
burso- sac
retr(o)- backwards
trip- rub, friction
strept- twist
-desis binding, fixation
mani- madness, mental disturbance
glosso- tongue
-trophy development, growth
supra- above, over
-ptosis falling, drooping
dyn- pain
mast- breast
-rrhaphy suture, suturing
dent- teeth
cephal- head
auto- self
epi- upon, in addition to
hydro- water
lobo- section
-emesis vomiting
contra- against, counter
-iasis condition, formation of, presence of
trans- through, across, beyond
brady- slow
-ectasis expansion
cyt- cell
odont- tooth
leuk- white
-esthesia sensation, feeling
cantho- angle at the end of the eyelid
steno- narrow, contracted
cheil- lip
-cele hernia, tumor or swelling
beningn mild, not cancerous
semen seed
celio- abdomen
erythro- red
vaso- vessel
melan- black
cauda- tail
lingua- tongue
myring- eardrum
spondyl- spinal column or vertebra
ovar- egg (female reproduction cell)
-centesis puncture
oto- ear
bili- bile
squam- scale
mening- membrane
cec- blind passage
macul- spot (or stain)
-pexy suspension, fixation
onco- tumor, swelling or mass
or- mouth
sub- under, beneath, below
spiro- coil
lacrim- tear
viscero- organ
lact- milk
onych- nail, claw
thorac- chest
pyle-, pyloro- gate
vesic- bladder
sphenic- wedge, wedge-shaped
myel- marrow (spinal cord)
anti- against
myco- fungus
hallux great toe, big toe
physio- nature
bucc(o)- cheek
palpebr- eyelid
plasia- development or growth
rug- wrinkle, fold, crease
aur- ear
acoust(i)- hearing, sound
colp(o)- hollow, vagina
phon- voice, sound
leio- smooth
cor heart
ren- kidney
orchi- testis
encephal- brain
thalam- inner chamber
plexus brain, an interweaving or network
cilia eyelash
dendr- tree, branching ( as in nervous system)
phleb- vein
pilo- hair
histo- tissue
stoma- mouth or opening
tympan- eardrum or its enclosure
umbilic- navel
salpingo- tube
helio- sun, light
astr- star-shaped
-asthenia weakness
fascia sheet, band
iso- equal
tarso- ankle region - also framework of the eyelid
-tope place
pod- foot
malign- bad, harmful
adnexa ties, connections
acul- eye
lapar- abdominal wall
dacry- tear
ment- mind
part- labor, bring forth
scler(a)- hard
somato- body
trachel- neck, necklike
sinus hollow space
hypno- sleep
sept- wall, fence
scirr(h)- hard
antr- cavity or chamber
-crine to secrete
dura hard
pneum- lung, air
phage to eat
phren- mind
corne- horny, hornlike
plak- plate
iris rainbow ( eye membrane)
kerat- horny, horny tissue
pulmon- lung
ptyal- saliva
alveol- cavity, socket
oophor- ovary (female reproductive gland)
oment- covering (of internal abdominal organs)
sedat- quiet, calm
furca- fork-shaped
radic- root
radi- ray
fistul- pipe, a narrow passage
edema- swelling ( by fluid)
dactyl- finger, toe
metabol(e)- change
pariet- wall
ependym- wrapping, a covering
gravid pregnant
aer- air
glyco- sweet, sugar
tarso- ankle region, also framework of eyelid
cheir-, chir- hand
calc- heel, stone
cine- move, movement
digit finger, toe
dors- back
gangli- swelling, knot-like mass
gemin- twin, double
grad- walk, take steps
gran- grain, particle
labi- lip
micr- small
peps-, pept- digest
pleur- pleura (membrane), rib, side
mamm- breast
colla- glue, gelatinlike
later- side
rachi- spinal column
phob- fear
phot- light
dys- bad, out of order
cut- skin
en- in
peri- about, around
pro- in front of, before
mechano- machine
dynam- power
osmo- odor
traumat- wound, injury
trich- hair
maxill- upper jawbone
an-, a- without, not
phak- lens
pre- in front of, before
strict- to draw tight, narrowing
turbin- shaped like a top
ameb- change
semi- half
neo- new
hormone- excite or set in motion
therm- heat
syn-, sym- together
vuls(e)- twitch or pull
post after, behind in time
metr- uterus
tegument covering or skin
pan- all
poly- many or much
ramus branch
neuro- nerve (nervous system)
thromb- lump, clot
ab- away from, not
-plegia paralysis
ante- before
thel- nipple
ex- out, away from
lien- spleen
tumor swelling
vestibule entrance
puer- child
sarc- flesh
proli- offspring
macro- large
lal- speech
intra- within
inter- between
infra- beneath
cryo- cold
mal- bad
glom- ball
tens- stretch
spas- pull, draw
somni- sleep
pharmac- drug
lumbo- loins
arter- artery
appendic- appendix
thyro- thyroid
splen- spleen
ovario- ovary
adreno- adrenal gland
basi- base
pelvi- pelvis
vena- vein
urethr- urethra
utero- uterus
sacro- sacrum
pharyng- pharynx
duodeno- duodenum
ureter ureter
laryng- larynx
bronch- bronchus
col- colon
esophag- esophagus
bi- two, double, both
tri- three
ile- ileum
ili- ilium
lig- ligament
therap- therapy
ventr- front
vert- turn
eu- good
ambi- both
amphi- around, on both sides
brachy- short
capit- head
cau- burn
clas- break
duct- tube
fiss- split
ger- old
heter- other
infer- under
hom- same
olfact- smell
orth- straight
gyn- female
pachy- thick
phrag- fence
poster- back part
cata- down
platy- flat
pseud- false
schiz- split
proxim- nearest
scol- curved
apo- away from
di- twice
dia- through
eury- broad
pect- chest
necr- dead
mi- less
morph- form
dis- apart
fac- make, do
lept- slender
lymph- watery fluid
meta- beyond
-rrhag burse, burst forth
sta- stand
ton- stretch
volv- to roll
splanchn- internal organs
-rrhe flow
med- middle
xer- dry
per- throughout
blast- bud
Created by: kacombs
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