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Reproductive

QuestionAnswer
Sex Cells; egg and sperm Gametes
sex organs; male and female Gonads
female gonads; 2 small almonds shaped organs located in the pelvis ovaries
male gonads testes
sexual intercourse coitus
union of egg and sperm fertilization
fertilized egg becomes a zygote 1st day
embryo 2nd day to 2 months
fetus after 2 months
length of pregnancy gestation
average of gestation 266 days
study of female reproductive system gynecology
woman gyneco
specialty dealing with pregnancy and delivery of the fetus obstetrics
midwife obstetro
study and treatment of newborn child neonatology
neo new
natal birth
ligaments supporting structure adnexa-uteri
lead from each ovary to the uterus fallopian tubes
muscular organ situated between the urinary bladder and rectum; metro uterus
tubular structure extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body vagina
region between the vaginal orifice and the anus perineum
organ of sensitive erectile tissue located anterior to the vaginal orifice clitoris
vaginal opening introitus
the external genitalia of the female (everything visible) vulva
thin membrane partially covering entrance to vagina hymen
incision into the perineum to prevent tearing during childbirth episiotomy
rounded upper portion; composed by uterus fundus
body of the uterus corpus
neck of the uterus cervix
outer layer uterine serosa
middle muscular layer myometrium
endometrium inner lining
cessation of fertility and diminishing of hormone production menopause
female hormones of the ovaries estrogen and progesterone
each ovary contains thousands of small sacs graafian follicles
myo muscle
graafian follicle becomes the corpus luteum it fills with a yellow fat-like material (luteo)
mammary glands (breast) exocrine glands; they secrete milk outside the body
dark pigmented area around the nipple areola
nipple papilla
normal secretion of milk lactation
first menstrual cycle menarche
human chorionic gonodotropin pregnancy hormone HCG
responsible for providing the nutrition for the baby during pregnancy placenta
outermost membrane that surrounds the embryo (filled with amniotic fluid) amnion
surgical puncture of amnion to remove amniotic fluid for analysis amniocentesis
normal delivery position;baby is head first cephalic presentation
cephalo head
the baby is in a position other than cephalic presentation breech
the Dr. attempts to reorient the baby into a head first position from outside the body cephalic version
delivery of cord and placenta after birth
gland in the brain; below brain and behind the nasal cavities pituitary gland
follicle-stimulating hormone FSH
luteinizing hormone LH
not a barrier method; renders the uterine lining inhospitable so the egg does not implant;usually remains implanted for up to 5 years IUD- intrauterine device
block the sperm from reaching the egg;may be used with a spermicide condoms,diaphragm,today's sponge
to kill cide
conceptrol-gels and ointments inserted into the vagina prior to any sexual activity VCF Vaginal contraceptive film
applied to skin hormonal patches
subdermal, implantable hormone delivery device norplant
usually last about 3 months injections
hormone produced by the ovaries; responsible for secondary sex characteristics estrogen
also produces estrogen and testosterone adrenal cortex
reproductive organs genetalia
lips of the vagina labia
monthly shredding of the uterine lining menstruation
opening (meatus) orifice
act of giving birth parturition
hormone produced by the corpus luteum during pregnancy and the placenta of pregnancy woman progesterone
vagina colpo
vulva episio
incision of the perineum to enlarge vaginal orifice for delivery episiotomy
galacto milk
breast development in women gynecomastia
uterus hystero, utero, metro
breast mammo, masto
surgical molding of breast;used for augmentation and reduction mammoplasty
menstruation meno
absence of menstrual discharge amenorrhea
difficult or painful menstruation dysmenorrhea
scanty (light) menstrual periods oligomenorrhea
abnormally heavy or long menstrual flow menorragia
excessive bleeding from the uterus for a cause other than menstruation metrorrhagia
muscle myo
nati birth
first 28 days of life neonatal
egg oo
eggcell oocyte
ovary oophoro
egg ovo
to bear phoro
salpingo tube
beginning arche
pregnancy cyesis
false pregnancy pseudocyesis
gravida pregnancy
to bear, to bring forth parous, para
discharge rrhea
childbirth tocia
difficult or painful labor dystocia
drug that is used to induce labor pitocin
rapid childbirth- substance your body makes that triggers labor oxytocin
act of turning version
bacterial infection of uterus endometritis
painful sexual intercourse dyspareunia
many multi
no, not, none nulli
more than one child multipara
more than one pregnancy multigravida
no pregnancies nulligravida
no children nullipara
before pre
first primi
tipped uterus retroversion
human papilloma virus HPV
malignant tumor of the uterus; symptoms are post menopausal bleeding endometrial cancer
scraping the uterine lining D&C Dilation and curettage
endometrial tissue is found in abnormal locations, including the ovaries, fallopian tubes, supporting ligaments and small intestine endometriosis
inflammation of organs in the pelvic region, tubes, ovaries, cervix uterus PID Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
premature separation of the implanted placenta, surgical emergency abruptio placentae
placental implantation over cervical opening or in lower region of uterine wall. caesarian delivery is recommended. placenta previa
implantation of the fertilized egg in any place other than uterus. ectopic pregnancy
abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by the triad of high blood pressure, proteinuria and edema. preeclampsia
system of scoring an infant's physical condition. The maximum score is 10 apgar score
chromosal abnormality results in mental retardation, slanted eyes, low-set ears, protruding tounge. down syndrome
hemolytic disease in the newborn caused by RH incompatibility with mother and child. erythroblastosis fetalis
soft spot on top of a baby's head fontanelle
acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn, due to a lack of surfactant, a protein necessary for proper lung function; also called respiratory distress syndrome hyaline membrane disease
accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain hydrocephalus
narrowing of the opening of the spaces of the stomach to the duodenum. pyloric stenosis
microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix pap smear
blood or urine test to detect the presence of HCG pregnancy test
withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction aspiration
destruction of tissue by burning cauterization
visual exam of vagina colposcopy
use of cold temperatures (freezing) to destroy tissue cryosurgery
removal of internal organs exenteration
visual exam of abdominal cavity laparoscopy
blocking the fallopian tubes to to prevent fertilization tubal ligation
spontaneous or induced termination of pregnancy before the fetus can exit on it's own. abortion
miscarriage spontaneous
surgical puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw fluid for analysis performed at 16 weeks amniocentesis
VAginal Birth after cesarean VBAC
tail hair-like process flagellum
ejection of sperm and fluid ejaculation
more than one egg is fertilized fraternal twins
one egg is fertilized and splits during early pregnancy identical twins
male hormoneproduced by testes and adrenal cortex testosterone
sac enclosing scrotum
area of skin between anus and base of scrotum perineum
ejaculate 99% fluid; 1% sperm semen
lies at the region where vas deferens enters the erethra; it lies below the bladder almost encircling upper urethra prostate gland
tip of penis glans penis
foreskin prepuce
inability to achieve an erection, impotence ED- Erectile Dysfunction
tissue that does the work of the organ parenchymal tissue
tissue that is connective and supportive in nature mesenchymal or stromal
male andro
female estro
producing -gen
testosterone- producing male characteristics-secondary sex characteristics androgen
cold cryo
hidden crypto
undescented testicles cryptorchism
testicles orcho, orchio
seed gono
water hydro
sac of clear fluid in the scrotum hydrocele
castration-surgical removal of the testicles orhiectomy
lack of testicles anorchism
low sperm count oligospermia
breakdown sperm spermolytic
lack of formation or ejaculation of semen (sperm & fluid) aspermia
varicose vein varico
a collection of varicose veins above the testes varicocele
vessel vaso
bilateral surgical removal of a part of the vas deferens; a urologist performs a ligation with setures vasectomy
animal life zoo
lack of sperm azoospermia
formation -genesis
hormone -one
enzyme -ase
fixation; put back in place -pexy
an operation to correct cryptorchism orchiopexy
new opening -stomy
a reversal of a vasectomy; a surgeon rejoins the ends of the vas deferens vasovasostomy
twisting of the spermatic cord testicular torsion
protein tumor marker that is elevated in prostate cancer PSA Prostate Specific Antigen Test
common in men over 50 cancer of the prostate
benign growth of cells within the prostate gland BPH Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
urinary obstruction and urinary retention are symptoms;treatment consists of medication and surgery TURP Trans Urethral Resection of the Prostate
congenital disorder in which the urethral opening is on the underside of the penis;surgical corrected hypospadias
narrowing of the prepuce over the glans-penis;treated with circumcision phimosis
bacteria invade the urethra and reproductive tract of men and women chlamydal infection
hard ulcer or sore chancre
sperm count semen analysis
examining by touch palpation
through the skin percutaneous
internal organs viscera
lying on back supine
lying on stomach prone
Created by: 1318863068