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Euro Unit VI G1

The Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution

Britain's Poor Law Commission -An investigation of the living conditions of the poor in Britain. -Investigations showed that the poor were physically worse than middle class. -Showed many immoral lifestyles of the lower class
Edwin Chadwick -Wanted to eliminate poverty and squalor in urban areas -Secretary of the poor Law commission -drew causes for poor living conditions and fought for sanitation
Cholera -Scared people into supporting health reforms -A deadly disease rampant in crowded cities.
bourgeoisie -the middle class; had existed as long cities had -changed from town dwellers to those with high positions in industry, or a professional in a craft or a position.
new elites -the new additions to middle class, industrial entrepreneurs -very ambitious people in a high risk high reward market
working class -agricultural laborers, domestic servants, and workers in cotton/woolen industry. -factory workers had awful work conditions with safety hazards, low wages, and no workers compensation or unemployment insurance.
child labor -Favored by employers because: cheap labor, more delicate weavers, small enough to fit between machines and such. -The 10 hours act and coal mine acts were created to prevent abuse of child labor.
domestic servants -included 40% of working women -allowed women to contribute to family survival
trade unions -groups of workers formed to fight collectively for better conditions for the workers, better pay, and less competition. -consisted of either a national collaboration of all workers, or groups of a particular industry.
Robert Owen -A leader in social reform, who fought for the rights of workers. -encouraged widespread unions, made up of people of all industries. -Helped create and plan the Grand National Consolidated Trades Union
the Grand National Consolidated Trades Union -Union created based on the ideas of Robert Owen -planned to strike for the eight hour working day -resulted in little change and unions went back to being industry specific.
the Amalgamated Society of Engineers -The biggest trade specific union that accomplished the most. -allowed workers to receive assistance in the situation that the lose their job as long a the payed a small fee while employed.
Luddites -Group of skilled craftsmen whose jobs were challenged by industrial devices. -Led attacks against industrial machines and factories to help their jobs. -resulted in little other than communicating the unhappiness with the current system of unrestricted capitalism
Chartism and the People's Charter -a collection of working men trying to achieve male suffrage, payment for parliament members, and right to run for parliament. -achieved little other than educating workers on the downsides of the current government.
the London Working Men's Association -Group that created the basis for Chartism -fought for male suffrage and equal right to serve in parliament
factory acts -series of acts passed between 1802 and 1819 -limited labor of children under 16 to twelve hours a day and outlawed employment of children under 9 -acts applied only to cotton mills and weren't enfourced
Ten Hours Act of 1847 -restricted women and those age 18 and younger to 10 hours of work per day. -Instituted by British parliament
Coal Mines Act of 1842 -law that prohibited girls, or boys under age ten from working in coal mines. -instituted by British parliament
the Poor Law of 1834 -restricted government assistance to the poor, leaving workhouses as the main option. -instituted to encourage poor to move up do to awful living conditions.
the workhouse -Housing and work for the previously unemployed and homeless -conditions were awful to encourage people to stop being poor
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