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Anatomical language/

terms and definitions

QuestionAnswer
Anatomical position person standing erect with face directed forward, the upper limbs hanging to the sides, palms of hands facing forward, feet slightly apart
superior/cranial toward the head
inferior/caudal toward the feet
anterior/ventral front/belly
posterior/dorsal back
medial middle
lateral side, away from the midline
intermediate "between" between the lateral and medial position
proximal close, nearest, closer to the point of attachment (referred to the arms and legs)
distal distant, farther from attachment (referred to arms and legs)
ipsilateral on the same side ex. gallbladder & liver are ipsolateral
contralateral on opposite sides ex. ascending colon & descending colon are contralateral
superficial toward the surface
deep away from the surface; internal
supine laying face up
prone laying face down
Axial division head, neck,& trunk; skull, vertebral column, rib cage
Appendiculardivision (limbs) skeleton portion consisting of the upper limbs, lower limbs, and their girdles
Created by: lovinthreeangels